COMPLEMENTS D.O., I.O., P.A., P.N.
What is a direct object? • a noun or a pronoun that receives the action of the verb or shows the result of that action • Answers two questions after an action verb: • Whom/Who • What
Rules • A direct object can never follow a linking verb. • A direct object is never part of a prepositional phrase. • A direct object is always a noun or pronoun
Examples • I met Dr. Mason after school. • My uncle repairs small engines, and then he sells them.
What is an Indirect Object? • a noun or a pronoun that comes between the verb and the direct object; it tells to whom or to what or for whom or for what the action of the verb is done. • Answers two questions after an action verb but before the direct object: • to whom? to what? • for whom?for what?
Rules • An indirect object can never exist without a direct object! It is between the verb and the direct object. • An indirect object can never follow a linking verb. • An indirect object is never part of a prepositional phrase. • It is always a noun or pronoun.
Examples • During dinner, the waiter gave her a smile. • Pam left the waiter a large tip.
Predicate Nominatives • a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb and explains or identifies the subject of the sentence • Follows a linking verb and does two things for the subject: • Renames • Identifies
Rules • Be careful not to confuse a predicate nominative with a direct object. (What is the difference??) • A predicate nominative is never part of a prepositional phrase.
Examples • A good dictionary is a valuable tool. • This piece of flint may be an old arrowhead. • She was the winner of the race.
Predicate Adjectives • an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence • Follows a linking verb and does only one thing for the subject: • Describes
Rules • Even though they follow the same rules, a predicate nominative is a noun and a predicate adjective is an adjective! Make sure you know the difference! • A predicate adjective is never part of a prepositional phrase. • You can see a trend here – mark out your prepositional phrases!!! This will help your sentences be more manageable.
Examples • Cold milk tastes good on a hot day. • The pita bread was light and delicious.