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COMPLEMENTS

COMPLEMENTS

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COMPLEMENTS

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  1. COMPLEMENTS D.O., I.O., P.A., P.N.

  2. What is a direct object? • a noun or a pronoun that receives the action of the verb or shows the result of that action • Answers two questions after an action verb: • Whom/Who • What

  3. Rules • A direct object can never follow a linking verb. • A direct object is never part of a prepositional phrase. • A direct object is always a noun or pronoun

  4. Examples • I met Dr. Mason after school. • My uncle repairs small engines, and then he sells them.

  5. What is an Indirect Object? • a noun or a pronoun that comes between the verb and the direct object; it tells to whom or to what or for whom or for what the action of the verb is done. • Answers two questions after an action verb but before the direct object: • to whom? to what? • for whom?for what?

  6. Rules • An indirect object can never exist without a direct object! It is between the verb and the direct object. • An indirect object can never follow a linking verb. • An indirect object is never part of a prepositional phrase. • It is always a noun or pronoun.

  7. Examples • During dinner, the waiter gave her a smile. • Pam left the waiter a large tip.

  8. Predicate Nominatives • a noun or a pronoun that follows a linking verb and explains or identifies the subject of the sentence • Follows a linking verb and does two things for the subject: • Renames • Identifies

  9. Rules • Be careful not to confuse a predicate nominative with a direct object. (What is the difference??) • A predicate nominative is never part of a prepositional phrase.

  10. Examples • A good dictionary is a valuable tool. • This piece of flint may be an old arrowhead. • She was the winner of the race.

  11. Predicate Adjectives • an adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence • Follows a linking verb and does only one thing for the subject: • Describes

  12. Rules • Even though they follow the same rules, a predicate nominative is a noun and a predicate adjective is an adjective! Make sure you know the difference! • A predicate adjective is never part of a prepositional phrase. • You can see a trend here – mark out your prepositional phrases!!! This will help your sentences be more manageable.

  13. Examples • Cold milk tastes good on a hot day. • The pita bread was light and delicious.