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Evolution vs Creationism An Introduction Second Edition

Evolution vs Creationism An Introduction Second Edition

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Evolution vs Creationism An Introduction Second Edition

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  1. Evolution vsCreationismAn IntroductionSecond Edition Eugenie C Scott

  2. What do you know about the evolution/creationism controversy? • What do you think are the main obstacles teachers have to teaching evolution in the classroom? • What questions do you have about the controversy? discuss with your partner

  3. Divided into 3 parts • Part 1: Science, Evolution, Religion, and Creationism • Part 2: A History of the Creationism/Evolution Controversy • Part 3: Selections from the Literature

  4. The Pillars of Creationism • Evolution is a Theory in Crisis • evolution is “shaky science” • Evolution and Religion are Incompatible • Common ancestry • Natural selection • “Balancing” Evolution (Fairness) • Reflects American cultural values of hearing all the facts.

  5. Science, Evolution, Religion, and Creationism Part 1

  6. The Nature of Science – Truth without certainty Ways of Knowing about the natural world: • Authority • Revelation • Logic • Science

  7. “…I thirsted for a meaningful vision of human life – so I became a scientist. This is like becoming an archbishop to meet girls…” • What are some examples of concepts and theories for each of these circles?

  8. Facts, Hypotheses, Laws, and Theories • In what order do you think the general public lists these? • In what order do you think scientists would arrange this list? Most Important Facts Laws Theories Hypotheses Theories Laws Hypotheses Facts Least Important

  9. What is a Theory? How do the words differ in everyday language and scientific language?

  10. Is evolution testable? Cartoon found on creationist blog, “Words of Comfort”

  11. Is creationism testable?

  12. What is evolution?

  13. What is Creationism?

  14. Evolution/Creation Continuum

  15. Compare Methodological Naturalism Philosophical Naturalism Attempt to explain natural phenomena using natural causes Concerned with rules of conduct, ethics, and morals Material causes are sufficient to explain natural phenomena God does not exist • Attempt to explain natural phenomena using natural causes

  16. A History of the Creationism/Evolution Controversy Part 2

  17. In the beginning • People thought the world was static (stable, largely unchanging). • As people observed more, they realized this was not so. • And the new world wasn’t in the bible…

  18. Explorations in Geology processes like sedimenation and erosion • Existence of fossils • Accepted by most, even clergy • If earth was changing, why not other aspects of nature?

  19. Enter Darwin • Had a probabilistic approach to science, which was uncommon • Lead work to be denounced as speculative

  20. 2 main reasons Christians reject Evolution • Conflicts with biblical realism • Issues with design and purpose

  21. American Anitevolutionism Evolved in response to legislation • Worked to remove evolution from classroom and textbooks • Creation science and “equal time” • Repackaging creation science

  22. Eliminating Evolution • Fundamentalist movement gains steam • Natural selection and WWI • Scopes trial • Evolution absent from textbooks and therefore classrooms

  23. Creation Science • It’s Sputnik’s fault • Equal time • Henry H Morris – father of creation science movement • States there are only 2 views, so arguments against evolution are for creationism

  24. Creation Science • Everything created in 6 24-hour days • Thousands of years old • The Genesis Flood can explain most geological features • All can be supported by facts and theories of science

  25. Equal time • Takes advantage of American ideals of fairness and equality and individuality • McLean v Arkansas • Louisiana Equal Time Law • Both determined unconstitutional

  26. Neocreationsim • Newest strategy to combat newest legal rulings • Package creationism under different guises • Avoid creation science terminology • Development of creation science-like alternatives to evolution

  27. Intelligent Design • Things with irreducible complexity must be by the hand of some ‘intelligence’ • The Design Inference – to determine which is by intelligent creator • Hostile to methodological naturalism and propose theistic science

  28. What are the biggest obstacles to teaching evolution in schools? • What are some possible solutions? Discuss with your partner