Department of Agriculture,Government of Chhattisgarh Welcomes you
Cropwise Performance during Kharif Rainfall Normal average rainfall in the state is 1250 mm. (1200 mm to 1600 mm in different agro climatic zones), Rainfall received so far is 994 mm. • 12 Tehsils in 4 districts of the state (Raigarh, Sarguja, Jashpur & Dantewada) have been affected due to deficit rainfall. However, it is not likely to affect the total anticipated production in view of the total area under cultivation.
Cropwise Performance during Kharif • Target & Prospect • Cropping system is predominantly paddy based : 73% area under paddy • Target area for 2004 : 48.10 lakh ha which is 1.5% higher than last year’s achievement. Cereals : 36.30 lakh ha. Pulses : 5.40 lakh ha. Oilseeds : 3.90 lakh ha. Vegetable & : 2.50 lakh ha. Others
Cropwise Performance during Kharif Target production for 2004 : 69.90 lakh tonnes which is 6.6% higher than last year’s achievement. Cereals : 61.70 lakh tonnes. Pulses : 3.90 lakh tonnes Oilseeds : 2.70 lakh tonnes. Vegetable & : 1.60 lakh tonnes. Others • The targets are likely to be achieved.
Major constraints in fixing and achieving higher targets Major dependence on Monsoon rains (> 71% crop area is rainfed) Insufficient availability of quality & HYV seeds of various crops suitable to different Agro-climatic condition. Low & imbalanced use of fertilizers : Average : 38.72 kg N.P.K./ha Consumption ratio is 8:3:1 Wide variation in fertilizer use (Raipur district - 75 kg/ha, Dantewada district -1.26 kg/ha)
Major constraints in fixing and achieving higher targets Inadequate extension machinery, lower mobility in hilly and inaccessible areas. Low awareness level among farmers especially in tribal areas. Low capital investment capability of majority of the farmers (Marginal and small farmers constitute > 72% of farming families)
Crop Production Targets for Rabi 2004-05 • Crop area target : 17.93 lakh ha. (8.6% higher than last year’s achievement.) Cereals : 2.35 lakh ha. Pulses : 9.38 lakh ha. Oilseeds : 4.60 lakh ha. Sugarcane & others : 1.60 lakh ha. Total : 17.93 lakh ha.
Crop Production Targets for Rabi 2004-05 Crop Production Target :- 13.35 lakh tonnes. (13% higher than last year’s achievement.) • Cereals : 3.93 lakh tonnes Pulses : 6.08 lakh tonnes Oilseeds : 2.68 lakh tonnes Sugarcane & others : 0.66 lakh tonnes Total : 13.35 lakh tonnes
Programmes and strategies for achieving the results Major emphasis on Quality Seed Distribution. Seed distribution target is 16500 quintals which is nearly 35% higher than last year’s seed distribution. Encouraging higher level of Fertilizer use. Target for fertilizer use is 25.5 kg/ha which is 6.2% higher than last year’s achievement. Soil testing facilities to be utilized fully. Supply of urea in small bags (5 & 25 kg) is being proposed in tribal areas.
Programmes and strategies for achieving the results Emphasis on Integrated Nutrient and Pest Management. Two villages in each development block have been selected as organic villages. Use of vermi-compost, Nadep compost, green manuring and distribution of microbial culture such as PSB, Azotobacter, Rhizobium being undertaken. Bio-pesticides introduced on a significant scale. Emphasis on pest control measures only at Economic Threshold Level (ETL).
Programmes and strategies for achieving the results Accelerated Technology Transfer Mission (ATTM) More emphasis on optimum plant population, seed-treatment, intercropping, line-sowing, weedicide use and zero tillage cultivation to conserve soil moisture. • Emphasis on Crop Diversification Increasing area under double cropping system. Emphasis on utilizing conserved soil moisture. Pulses, Oilseeds, Vegetables & high value Medicinal/ Herbal plant cultivation being encouraged.
NEW INTERVENTIONS & BEST PRACTICES
Name of Scheme : Balanced and Integrated Use of Fertilizers New Intervention: Purchase of Soil Testing Kits WHY REQUIRED ? ·Insufficient and imbalanced use of chemical fertilizer. Present consumption: 38.72 kg per ha (Ratio - N:P:K. 8 : 3 : 1) · Highest : 75.20 kg./ ha (Raipur) Lowest : 1.26 kg./ ha(Dantewada) · Fertility status of soils of Chhattisgarh : Low to medium
Name of Scheme :Balanced and Integrated Use of Fertilizers New Intervention:Purchase of Soil Testing Kits WHY REQUIRED ? ·Four soil testing labs in the state having analysis capacity of 40,000 soil samples per year for about 20,000 villages in the state. · Distance from the field to lab is more. · To obtain quick results through soil testing kits. · To increase awareness of the farmers about the importance of soil testing. · 200 soil testing kits are being procured during 2004-05 for which Rs. 2.20 lakh is earmarked.
Name of Scheme :Production of High Yielding and Quality Seed New Intervention:Seed Village Programme. WHY REQUIRED ? ·10-25% yield increase by using HYV and quality seed. · Present Seed Replacement Ratio (SRR) of the state is less. (Paddy-1.5 %, Arhar 7.84%, Urd-2.32%, Wheat- 5.25%, Gram-1.46%,) · Procurement from out side : A costly affair. · Seed village programme : Only solution for supply of HYV & quality seeds at reasonable price.