PA Dutch 101 Video 12: The Nominative Case. Nominativ.
The Nominative Case • The Nominative Case refers to the Subject of a sentence. • Other nouns in a sentence take different cases, these will be discussed in future videos. • All nouns in PD have an assigned Gender. This is very different from English. • Genders do not make sense to most English speakers. Therefore, when learning new vocabulary, always memorize the gender as well as the PD word.
The Definite Article (THE) • In English we have one way to say the word THE, in PD, there are multiple forms! • In the Nominative Case, we use the following definite articles:
A Pitfall • Given the fact that all nouns have a gender in PD, it is vital that you learn the gender when you learn a new word. • When looking up a word in a dictionary you will see something like this: • Book – Buch, n • The little n, signifies that Buch is a neuter noun. So in a sentence, the book = esBuch. • Nouns are not necessarily masculine, feminine or neuter by nature! • All nouns are always Capitalized!
The Indefinite Article (A/AN) • The Indefinite Article does not specifically identify the noun that they are associated with. • The book. vs. A book.
Iewing - Practice • ____ (the) Bu (m) issdattdriwwe. • Der Bu issdattdriwwe. • ____ (the) Fraa (f) wuhnt in Ellsdaun. • Die Fraawuhnt in Ellsdaun. • ____ (the) Schof (n) issweiss. • EsSchofissweiss. • ____ (a) Fenschder (n) issgebroche. • En Fenschderissgebroche.
Eppesnooch! • Gender and Case often frustrate learners. • Hang in there and keep practicing! • LEARN GENDERS WHEN YOU LEARN NEW VOCABULARY!
Bis die naegschde Video, Macht’s gut un schwetztDeitsch! E-Poschtschreiwe: firstname.lastname@example.org