North American Territories The American Colonies and Canada
Where? • On this map, all the areas in pink • Control of the northern parts of Canada (initially for trade), then later obtained French Canada as well • Thirteen settlement colonies along the eastern coast of the middle of North America
The Thirteen Colonies • Familiar story of the pilgrims leaving because of religious differences • Struggles • Indians • In reality, territory was colonized for various reasons and with a determined plan • Different kinds of colonies • Trade concerns • Other groups of people
Governing Structure • Proprietary colonies • Provincial colonies • Charter colonies • All colonies still subservient to the Crown • Political participation • Advantages in colonies • Enabling rebellion?
Seeds of Revolution • Role of the French and Indian War from 1754-1763 • Increased focus on exploiting the colonies for material gain • Resented military presence in the colonies • Rebels began their meetings to overthrow rule
The American Revolution • Major battles • Lexington and Concord • Bunker Hill • Saratoga and Yorktown • Peace • Treaty of Paris in 1783 • End results • Loss of colonies in new United States • Concern about ability to maintain overseas colonies
Canada • Originally not settled like the Thirteen Colonies • Mostly used for profitable fur trade, and later for its plentiful timber • Major land gains in Treaty of Paris of 1763 (French and Indian War) • Finally turned attention to settling there
Problems with Settlement • Previously French nature of the territory • Established population of Europeans • No government provisions • Solutions to the problems
Canada as a Battleground in the 17th Century • American Revolution (technically 16th century) • War of 1812 • Rebellions of 1837-1838 • Ninety-two Resolutions • Lower Canada (Louis Joseph Papineau) • Upper Canada (William Lyon Mackenzie) • Results of the rebellions
The Struggle to Unify • Act of Union in 1840 • Goals • Provisions • Success? • Dominion of Canada in 1867 • Reasons for confederation • More successful?
World Wars • Canada still fell under the governance of the British Crown when the World Wars began • World War I solidified relations between the countries in the end, though Canada had learned to be less deferential to British authority • Statute of Westminster in 1931 (importance) • World War II: Canada’s noncommittal stance in adopting a position caused some problems for the British war effort • Reasons for hesitation • British aims for the use of Canada