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Preschooler – Physical development

Preschooler – Physical development

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Preschooler – Physical development

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  1. Preschooler – Physical development

  2. Video Clip - preschoolers • http://www.ksl.com/?sid=28299562

  3. GROWTH • 1. Growth SLOWS DOWNgreatly in the preschool years. The average yearly height increase is 2 1⁄2 to 3 inches. • 2. Size of preschoolers varies due to a law that growth patterns proceed at an individualrate and time for each child. • 3. Physical Changes: • The body becomes straighterand slimmer, and the protruding stomach from babyhood flattens. • The neck becomes longer and the legs lengthen and grow straighter and firmer. ***They are losing the baby appearance and looking more like a big kid.

  4. GROWTH and Motor skills • 4. Because of their changing proportion, the preschooler’s balance and coordination IMPROVES which affects their movements. • 5. Improved hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity make for better use of the preschooler’s fingers and hands. • 6. Definite handpreference for being right- or left-handed shown at 5 years old. ***Continue providing me with toys, activities and materials that will develop these skills.

  5. Growth and MOTOR SKILLS • 7. GROSSmotor skills are controlled and refined which make running, jumping, and throwing easier. • 8. Children of this age are known for their HIGH activity level and energy.

  6. 9. Gross motor skills Four-Year Old Five-Year Old Improved speed/coordination Somersaults Skipping Balancing on one foot • Better skills to stand on tip toes • Throwing and catching • Hopping on one foot • Alternating feet up and down stairs • Walking backwards

  7. 10. Fine motor skills Four-Year Old Five-Year Old Tie shoes Draw person with head, body, arms, legs Stay in the line Eat with spoon or fork • Put on and zip up coat • Cut with scissors • Puzzles • Write letters of alphabet

  8. PRESCHOOLERS AND FOOD • 11. The amount of food a preschooler needs depends on their height and weight, their temperament, and the level of activity. ***Remember that children grow from near to far, head to foot, and at their own rate, but if a caregiver suspects a weight problem (too skinny or overweight) see their doctor.

  9. PRESCHOOLERS AND FOOD • 12. Children do better with 5-6 SMALL meals rather than 3 LARGE meals and snacks a day. • The child’s hand size/fist (OR a tablespoon per year old) indicates the amount of food that they should be given. • Provide nutritious meals and teach them about nutrition, like MyPlate, so that they will be healthy and know how to make healthy choices. • The preschooler is always watching your example of nutrition.

  10. 13. It is the responsibility of the PARENT to provide healthful food and to teach the CHILD to make food choices.

  11. CLEANLINESS AND INDEPENDENCE • 14. Children STILL NEED HELP maintaining cleanliness habits ***Poorly acquired habits can continue into adulthood..

  12. 15. SELF-HELP SKILLS • What are 3 self-help skills a child learns? • How can a caregiver help? • Release the control. • Provide choices for them. • Set them up for successes. • Set an example. • Let them know that you are here to help if they need it. Do it with them not for them. • Sing your instructions instead of speak them –kids listen!

  13. Preschool prep • Choose 2-3 people for your group • You will be assigned a task and skill • Math • Science • Language/Storytelling • Music • Arts/Creativity • Outside (Gross Motor Skills) • Snack • Dramatic Play? ………. Arts/Creativity • ***Your goal is to come up with an activity for the preschool, using this task • Fill out the paper provided • Be specific! I need to know exactly what I need to purchase for you so you can prep your lab!