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  1. Insulin What is insulin?

  2. • Insulin is responsible for regulating ________ ___________ in your body. • Glucose is another word for ___________ Insulin

  3. Diabetes is a lifelong disease in which there are high levels of _________ in the blood. • • There are two types of diabetes: - ________ - ________ Diabetes

  4. The body does not produce _________ due to an autoimmune deficiency. • About ____% of all diabetes cases • Most common type found in _____________ Type I Diabetes

  5. Because of the absence of insulin and not the inability to use it, a person with Type I diabetes will need to get it from an ___________ ________ (every day). Treatment of Type I Diabetes

  6. The body does not produce enough insulin or does not use the __________ efficiently. • About ____% of all cases in the population. • Type II Diabetes

  7. If the body doesn’t use it well enough, the presence of insulin is not the problem. The intake of _________ has to be regulated. • If the body doesn’t produce enough, insulin will need to be received from an _________ _________ (NOT every day). Type II Diabetes Treatment

  8. There are six nutrients our body needs: • _Protein__ • ___________ • Minerals___ • Vitamins___ • __________ • Fats____ Nutrients

  9. Carbohydrates- Our body and brain’s main ________ source • There are two different kinds of carbohydrates: • S________ • C________ What are some examples of each? Carbohydrates

  10. Simple- sugars • Complex- starches, whole grain, most foods with a lot of fiber Carbohydrates

  11. Protein- __________ ________ of the body • Proteins are responsible for rebuilding _________ after it is torn down. • After you ‘run out’ of carbohydrates proteins become your main ______ ________. • Sources? Proteins

  12. Main sources of protein Proteins

  13. Needed in our diet, but in ____________ • What is the purpose of fat? • __________ system and reserve supply of __________ • Without fat, all _______ in your body would collapse Fats

  14. There are two different types of fats: • U____________ • L_________ at room temperature • S__________ • S_________ at room temperature Fats

  15. Are these saturated fats or unsaturated fats? Fats

  16. A Calorie is a unit of ________ • You can get calories from anything you ingest Calories

  17. Food Label

  18. Food Label

  19. Inorganic substances in your body • Provide a wide range of functions • Your body _______ produce them • Calcium, Potassium, Sodium, Iron are examples • What do these do? Minerals

  20. Organic compounds found in your body • A (V_____), B (several different functions) , C (helps wounds heal), D (stronger bones), E (cell protector), K (blood c________) Vitamins

  21. Vitamin A helps form and maintain healthy teeth, bones, soft tissue, mucus membranes, and skin. • Vitamin B6 is also called pyridoxine. Vitamin B6 helps form red blood cells and maintain brain function. This vitamin also plays an important role in the proteins that are part of many chemical reactions in the body. Eating larger amounts of protein may reduce vitamin B6 levels in the body. • Vitamin B12, like the other B vitamins, is important for metabolism. It also helps form red blood cells and maintain the central nervous system. • Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, is an antioxidant that promotes healthy teeth and gums. It helps the body absorb iron and maintain healthy tissue. It also promotes wound healing. • Vitamin D is also known as the "sunshine vitamin," since it is made by the body after being in the sun. Ten to 15 minutes of sunshine three times a week is enough to produce the body's requirement of vitamin D. People who do not live in sunny places may not make enough vitamin D. It is very difficult to get enough vitamin D from food sources alone. Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, which you need for the normal development and maintenance of healthy teeth and bones. It also helps maintain proper blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. • Vitamin E is an antioxidant also known as tocopherol. It plays a role in the formation of red blood cells and helps the body use vitamin K. • Vitamin K is not listed among the essential vitamins, but without it blood would not stick together (coagulate). Some studies suggest that it is important for promoting bone health. Vitamins

  22. Food Guide Pyramid

  23. A__________ - eating disorder in which there is a distorted body image, and a f______ of gaining weight • B_________ - Freuquent episodes of b______ eating, followed by franting effort to avoid g__________ weight Eating Disorders