Jack London • I. A brief introduction of Jack London's background • II. The Philosophy of Jack London a. Social Darwinism b. anti-Capitalism • III. The influence that gold rush adventure and south sea cruise brought to Jack London.
Social Level • Chief Justice/ English Company/ French Government-the upper class • Schemmer/ Eruchot-the middle class • Chinago coolies/ Tahitian-the lower class • The capitalist system enriched only the upper class at the expense of the lower class • The conflict about Jack London advocated in his point of view.
Culture • Culture background—the reasons for people still willing to be suppressed by capitalism. • Philosophy of Chinese (Ah Cho): • Be gentle and patient to any difficult situations—(p. 844-first paragraph, “Forgive malice”-p. 847, L23-25) • Easy to be fulfilled—the coolie still enjoys the low payment (p. 835-6)
Philosophy of Chinese (Ah Cho): • .Believe the superior has power to suppress the inferior—fix the sense of superior of European, who look down upon Chinago’s life(p. 843, L 18-21), (p.846, L 19-21), Schemmer threaten the dying Ah Cho and treats him inhuman (p. 847, L 19-21, 26-7) • Self-defensive and selfish—Ah Cho shows no mercy to Ah Chow(p. 839, L32-8), no one dare to prove that Ah Cho is innocent (p. 845, L2-4)
Why Marxism is much more popular in the third world where most of the coolie from? • Marxism is much more popular is because most of the people there are poor, they want to be fair.
From the text, we can see why they want to be fair. • In capitalism, their law is unfair top them. • Schemmer killed a coolie, but can provided a doctor's certificate so he is not punished. (p.837) • The Judgement by appearance. (p.839) • The error of the chief Justice. (p.840) • Middle class & upper class doesn't hold their liability. (p.846) • Coolie's life seems to be valueless, the sentence "it is only a chinago" always appear.
From the text, we can see why they want to be fair. • The minds of superiors don't have righteousness. Cruchot try to think for the chinago but he is not allow to think. • The chinago don't understand capitalism, it seems to be unreasonable. • Conclusion: Because of the unfair and don't understand, so the third world where most of the coolie from hate capitalism. They want Marxism instead.
The reality of "Free Emigration" • The general situation of world at that time • The export of coolies • The maltreated coolies in other country • Reference:華工出國史料匯編 (一到十輯) 文圖 索書號336.92 7548
Symbols • Chinago/French Devils/White devil • Arrows/belts • Five hundred coolie • Ah Cho’s dream • Guillotine
International Financial background of The Chinago • Flourishing period of Capitalism • The feature of capitalism • The attitude to labors in capitalism • An opponent power—Marxism