Definition of Metaphor • A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity without using the words like or as.
... Example • It is raining cats and dogs. • Love is a fragile flower opening to the warmth of Spring. • He has the heart of a lion. • You are the sun in my sky.
Definition of Extended Metaphor • A metaphor that continues throughout a series of sentences, through a stanza or a poem, often by multiple comparisons of unlike objects or ideas. With the purpose of expanding or clarifying an idea.
...Example • Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?Thou art more lovely and more temperate:Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,And summer's lease hath all too short a date:Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;And every fair from fair sometime declines,By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;But thy eternal summer shall not fadeNor lose possession of that fair thou owest;Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,When in eternal lines to time thou growest:So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,So long lives this and this gives life to thee -William Shakespeare
…Another Example • Hope Is The Thing Hope is the thing with feathersThat perches in the soul,And sings the tune--without the words,And never stops at all,And sweetest in the gale is heard;And sore must be the stormThat could abash the little birdThat kept so many warm.I've heard it in the chillest land,And on the strangest sea;Yet, never, in extremity,It asked a crumb of me. -Emily Dickinson
How to Tell? • You can tell metaphors apart from extended metaphors by this: • Metaphors- • You only have one/a few comparisons through out the poem ranging on different objects • Extended Metaphors- • Many comparisons through out the poem all relating to the main theme
What Are They Comparing? • What do the following metaphors compare: • The inside of the car was a refrigerator. • The teenage boy’s stomach was a bottomless pit. • The homework was a breeze. • Her dog was the sunshine of her life. • Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t get her to change her mind.