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Important/significant foundation soil physical properties

Important/significant foundation soil physical properties

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Important/significant foundation soil physical properties

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  1. Important/significant foundation soil physical properties Color Texture Structure Consistence Coarse fragments Reaction

  2. Important/significant foundation soil physical properties • Texture – the composition (sand, silt, clay), the feel, the classification (triangle) - micropores • Structure – how the particles are aggregated, bound together – macropores • Consistence – how the soil holds together, feels, can be worked when wet

  3. Texture (the proportion of sand, silt, and clay) influences porosity, water holding capacity and flow, compaction, aeration status, structure, microbial behavior, and soil chemistry. Texture is: What the soil feels like – that’s texture A classification method: whether the soil is a ‘clay’, ‘sand’, ‘silt’, ‘loam’, or one of the other eight textural categories – based on percentage sand, silt, and clay

  4. There are two generally accepted methods for assessing texture: one is by feel and appearance and the other is by mechanical analysis (particle size analysis) The site evaluator will use feel and appearance, will possibly confirm or check the assessment against soil survey data, and may follow up with a laboratory mechanical analysis

  5. Textural Triangle Silt goes to sand goes to clay to silt

  6. WITH REGARD TO TEXTURE:  There are some obvious characteristics of different soils which help identify thepredominant texture – the feel and appearance of soil. Sand - feels gritty, does not bind together when dried, and maintains individual particle identity when rubbed between the forefinger and thumb; has a distinct grinding sound. Will not form a ribbon when wet. Silt feels like talcum powder, slippery and smooth, but not sticky when wet. Will form a weak, short ribbon. Silt is often very hard and crusty after drying and it usually does not crack much when it dries. Clay can't be seen with unaided eye; will remain in the water almost indefinitely. When dry and powdery, clay feels like silt - soft, smooth, very fine, When clay is wet it is "sticky", like 'tacky' dough or wood glue. Dries very hard, may shrink and swell.

  7. Horizontal flow Tortuous flow Vertical flow Vertical flow

  8. Blocky structure

  9. Moderate, coarse granular Moderate to strong, medium prismatic Moderate to strong, medium subangular blocky

  10. Moderate, coarse prismatic W weak to moderate, medium to coarse subangular blocky XTRA SLIDES

  11. Blocky Crumb, granular

  12. Questions?