Huanghuagang Uprising(Second Guangzhou Uprising) 72 martyr became the forerunner in Chinese Revolution Maggie Lu
Leaders in revolution Huang Xing(Huang Keqiang) Sun Yet-san
Leader in Qing • Zhang Mingqi
The tenth revolution • Huanghuagang uprising also named Guangzhou uprising. • Time: April 27th 1911 • Location: Guangzhou, China • Leader: Sun Yet-san, Huang keqiang • background: by confederate in San Francisco • Result: they failed. 72 young man became the forerunner.
Purpose of uprising • Political affiliated: go against with Qing government and set up a new government type in China • People wish • Qing government got the weak foreign affairs. They cut Liaodong, Taiwan, Shandong islands to western colonize country. • People want to build a republic country and new social caste.
Why did people revolt in common • By the end of 19 century, Qing government became weaker and weaker. Younger people got influence from western new ideology about social policy. Sun yet-san started going against with Qing government since 1880s, but he failed all of them. People got influence from his theory. Sun Yet-san set up the confederate in Japan, America, Hong Kong, South China. More and more youth people joined it, and follow his step. Sun Yet-san’s helper Huang Keqiang, who was a really famous revolutionary in Republic of China, lead this revolution.
Why were people unhappy with their government? • People believed that only revolution could be worked in China because after The Opium war I&II, Qing empire started to change some policy but it did not worked. It was called Yangwu movement. It was trying to changed old social system but keep emperor in China. But they failed until 1894. In 1898, there were a movement called Wuxu movement. That movement was for changing the feudalism social system, like Japan. But it did not work at all. • Since 1840, Qing kept having inequality appointment with western country with England, America, Japan, even 8 countries alliance army.
How did they organize? • People were lead by confederation. • They were the member of confederation. • Huang Keqiang lead it. • They got help from the Chinese who lived in US • In Nov 1910, Sun Yet-san had a conference in Malaysia，Penang. They started the army in Guangzhou. They planed that they got in Guangzhou first and got Hunan after it.
The process of uprising • On Apr 27th, 1911, 120 young people got guns and bullets got into Guangzhou satrap’s mansion. With the help of revolution army, they almost got success at the beginning. Finally because 120 young people did not have more experience and they did not have enoughammo support. They failed at the end, Qing government got help from other places. • As a result, some of them became the prisoners and some of them were killed.
Result • 72 martyrs. Monument in Guangzhou, Huanghuagang. It was called Huanghuanggang uprising. • They did not achieve their goal. • But they let more young people know that Qing was too weak to control the entire China, more and more young people started learning how they can help China to be stronger. More and more people started believing that republic and democracy policy is the only right way. • Significance: the tenth time uprising.
How did government response • Qing’s leader Zhangmingqi, who was the leader fighting for government. He got help from other province, and finally he arrested several revolutionaries and ruins the attract from Huang xing.
Work Citations • Google images. • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Guangzhou_Uprising • http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History6725.html