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Hungarian Uprising 1956 PowerPoint Presentation
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Hungarian Uprising 1956

Hungarian Uprising 1956

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Hungarian Uprising 1956

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  1. Hungarian Uprising 1956

  2. To understand the Hungarian uprising 1956 we must consider its context. What else was happening that would effect Hungary. Input Stalin died ‘officially’ from a stroke in 1953 . Created a state ruled by fear and terror. Cold character, his first wife committed suicide. His son tried and failed to which Stalin commented that he couldn’t even shoot straight! he refused to save his son who was captured during WWII. Eventually he did commit suicide by throwing himself onto the electric fence at Sachsenhausen concentration camp Wanted to make Russia an industrial super power. Arrested or executed anybody who opposed him or his ideas. Over 20 million Russian people arrested and sent to Gulags. (similar to concentration camps. Churches closed down and religious leaders imprisoned. Russia is the most dominant country of the USSR.

  3. Why something happened. Why something happened. Why something happened. Why something happened. Why something happened. Why something happened. What happened. What happened. What happened. What happened. What happened. What happened. What was the result. What was the result. What was the result. What was the result. What was the result. What was the result. What was the result.

  4. Much of the causes of the Hungarian uprising lay in the context. In particular the death of Stalin 3 years before. • As has been illustrated, despite a huge state funeral there were many people who were glad to see the back of Stalin and wanted to use his death to bring changes. • In Russia a new leader of the Soviet Union (USSR) was elected. His name was Khrushchev. • Khrushchev had very different beliefs to Stalin, he was still a communist but he believed that the superpowers could live together in a peaceful coexistence. • He began a programme of de-Stalinisation. The new leader of the Soviet Union Khrushchev. What do we mean by de-Stalinisation and what impact do you think that this would have upon the people of Hungary?

  5. Hungary had been invaded by Russia in 1944, Hungary had been allies with Hitler. • Elections had been held in Hungary after the war in 1945. Despite the fact that the Independent Smallholders won 57% of the vote, and the Hungarian Communist Party won 17% it was a Communist coalition government that was formed. • The reason this was allowed to happen was because the head of the Soviet forces who were controlling Hungary wanted a communist country like Russia. • Members of the Independent Smallholders party were arrested or fled Hungary. • A new constitution (rules) was established which were based upon the Soviet Unions. The new government took instructions from Moscow On your table and in your own words can you think of 3 reasons to explain why the people of Hungary may have wanted to start an uprising.

  6. Rakosi was seen as being too harsh a ruler and too extreme for Khrushchev during this period of di-stalinisation. • Consequently Rakosi was replaced by a new leader of Hungary Imre Nagy. • Nagy and Rakosi now became involved in a bitter power struggle with each other. • Rakosi criticising Nagy and blamed him for all Hungary’s economic problems (that he had actually caused!!!!) • Rakosi successfully retook his position as head of the Hungarian Communist Party. • Rakosi was undermined though by the Leader of the Soviet Union Khrushchev who in his ‘secret speech’ denounced many of Stalins ideas. Many people took encouragement from this. • Rakosi is replaced by Erno Gero.

  7. On 23 October, students gathered in Budapest to protest about the Soviet influence in Hungary. • The police arrested to some of the protesters and this escalated into violence with first tear gas being used then police opening fire on the students. • The following day more protesters gathered. They chanted ‘Russian go home’ and ‘long live Nagy’. A statue of Stalin was pulled down. • Russian tanks had to be used to keep the peace. • Khrushchev reacted by place Nagy back in charge of the government. • Nagy encourage the tanks to leave. • Nagy was very liberal and removed the state control of the media, he encouraged open discussions and even released anti-communists from prison. Nagy even talked of holding free elections and that Hungary may leave the Warsaw Pact. • This alarmed many communists, most importantly the leader of China Mao Tse Tung who began to pressure Khrushchev as to what he would do as the leader of the Soviet Union to stop this.

  8. Around 20,000 rebels were killed and round 7,000 of the Red Army. • Khrushchev was able to remain as head of the Soviet Union. • Khrushchev had given out a warning that there would be a strong response to any satellite state that wished to break away from the Soviet Union. • The Iron Curtain had remained unbroken. • The West had failed to intervene to help countries wanting to break away from the East.