Section 1: Their Safe Arrival at Cape Cod 1. Date or time of year: Fall, 1620.
2. Summary: • The Pilgrims arrive safely, have no friends to welcome them, no houses or shelters from the weather; there are no towns; they face hostile barbarians ready to fill their sides with arrows. • An ocean separates them from their home.
Section 2: The First Encounter • The Pilgrims explore and find corn, beans and seed of the Indians to plant near two shelters; they went exploring and were attacked by Indians – first encounter. • Sent arrows to England. • November 11. They need to find habitation.
Section 3. The Starving Time. • 1. January-February – depth of winter. • 2. The Pilgrims had no houses, were ill with scurvy; two or three per day died; six or seven were well and taking care of everyone else. 50 remained of 100.
Section 4. Indian Relations. • 1. all this while • 2. The Indians skulked around, ran off, stole tools. One spoke broken English because he had known English who came to fish. Samoset told of Squanto, born in England, who spoke English even better. • The Indians brought their great Sachem, Massasoit. Bradford made peace with him, which continued 24 years.
Section 5. First Thanksgiving. • November • Began to gather harvest, fix homes for winter. • Everyone was healthy, had enough food.
Questions, 107. • 1. Half of the group dies from disease, malnutrition, and lack of shelter. • 2. Squanto is a Native American who was captured and taken to England, and so has learned to speak English. • He becomes the pilgrims’ interpreter. • 3. The Wampanoag teach the Pilgrims how to plant corn, where to fish and how to get around the area. • Their peace treaty secures the Pilgrims from Native American attack.