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WPS Handler Safety Training

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  1. WPS Handler Safety Training Forest

  2. What does the Worker Protection Standard cover? • Pesticides used in production of agricultural plants Forests Greenhouses Farms Nurseries

  3. Who does the Worker Protection Standard protect? • Agricultural Workers • Early-entry workers • Pesticide Handlers

  4. Agricultural workers • Do hand labor, such as planting, watering, and pruning Joe Murray, Treebio.com

  5. Early-entry workers • Perform special tasks involving anything that has been treated with a pesticide

  6. Pesticide handlers • Mix, load, apply, clean, or repair equipment • Perform other tasks in direct contact with pesticides

  7. WPS safety concept: the label • Format and meaning of information contained on pesticide labels and in labeling, including safety information such as precautionary statements about human health hazards

  8. Labels and labeling • Information attached to container or referred to on the label or accompanying literature Betsy Buffington, Iowa State University

  9. Name of product • Brand name • Common name(s) • Chemical name Active Ingredient: picloram: 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid, triisopropanolamine salt……….……….……...5.4% 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triisopropanolamine salt …………….……….20.9% Other Ingredients:…………………….73.7% Total: ……………...…………………………..100.0%

  10. Ingredient statement Active Ingredient: picloram: 4-amino-3,5,6-trichloropicolinic acid, triisopropanolamine salt…….……….……...5.4% 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, triisopropanolamine salt ………….…….….20.9% Other Ingredients: …………………...….73.7% Total: …………...…………………………..100.0%

  11. EPA registration number EPA establishment number Used to identify where product was produced • Used to identify the product EPA Reg. No. 62719-31 EPA Est. No. 62719-001 Needed for: Poisoning Claims of misuse Liability claims Restricted use pesticide records

  12. Restricted use Use classification General use No label statement RUP statement required Certification

  13. Signal words

  14. Precautionary statements • Hazards to humans and animals • Ways product may be poisonous

  15. Precautionary statements • PPE • Minimum protective equipment that must be worn Max Williamson, USDA Forest Service

  16. Precautionary statements • Environmental hazards • What to do to avoid environmental damage

  17. Precautionary statements • Physical and chemical hazards • Fire, explosion, or chemical hazards

  18. Statement of practical treatment • What to do if poisoning occurs

  19. Directions for use • Why the pesticide is being used • Where the pesticide should be applied • How the pesticide is applied • When the pesticide should be applied

  20. Restricted entry interval • Time that must pass before people can re-enter area without appropriate PPE • Stated on the pesticide label • Most are 4 or 12 hours • Longer for some pesticides

  21. Do not enter or allow entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval (REI) of 12 hours. AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and with the Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170. This Standard contains requirements for the protection of agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses, and handlers of agricultural pesticides. It contains requirements for training, decontamination, notification, and emergency assistance. It also contains specific instructions and exceptions pertaining to the statements on this label about personal protective equipment (PPE), and restricted entry interval. The requirements in this box only apply to uses of this product that are covered by the Worker Protection Standard. Do not enter or allow entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval (REI) of 12 hours. PPE required for early entry to treated areas that is permitted under the Worker Protection Standard and that involves contact with anything that has been treated such as plants, soil or water is : coveralls, chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or butyl rubber or nitrile rubber or viton, shoes plus socks and protective eye wear. NON-AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS The requirements in this box apply to uses of this product that are NOT within the scope of the Worker Protection Standard (WPS) for agricultural pesticides (40 CFR Part 170). The WPS applies when this product is used to produce agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries or greenhouses. For ornamental turf uses (golf courses, cemeteries, parks and other turfgrasss areas), do not allow people (other than applicator) or pets on treatment area during application. Do not enter treatment areas until sprays have dried. Restricted entry interval

  22. PPE required for early entry to treated areas that is permitted under the Worker Protection Standard and that involves contact with anything that has been treated such as plants, soil or water is: coveralls, chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or butyl rubber or nitrile rubber or viton, shoes plus socks and protective eye wear. Early entry workers AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and with the Worker Protection Standard, 40 CFR Part 170. This Standard contains requirements for the protection of agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses, and handlers of agricultural pesticides. It contains requirements for training, decontamination, notification, and emergency assistance. It also contains specific instructions and exceptions pertaining to the statements on this label about personal protective equipment (PPE), and restricted entry interval. The requirements in this box only apply to uses of this product that are covered by the Worker Protection Standard. Do not enter or allow entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval (REI) of 12 hours. PPE required for early entry to treated areas that is permitted under the Worker Protection Standard and that involves contact with anything that has been treated such as plants, soil or water is : coveralls, chemical-resistant gloves such as barrier laminate or butyl rubber or nitrile rubber or viton, shoes plus socks and protective eye wear. NON-AGRICULTURAL USE REQUIREMENTS The requirements in this box apply to uses of this product that are NOT within the scope of the Worker Protection Standard (WPS) for agricultural pesticides (40 CFR Part 170). The WPS applies when this product is used to produce agricultural plants on farms, forests, nurseries or greenhouses. For ornamental turf uses (golf courses, cemeteries, parks and other turfgrasss areas), do not allow people (other than applicator) or pets on treatment area during application. Do not enter treatment areas until sprays have dried.

  23. Non-agricultural use requirements • If WPS does not apply, then follow these instructions

  24. Storage and disposal • How to best store and dispose of product and/or product container

  25. WPS safety concept: pesticide hazards • Hazards of pesticides resulting from toxicity and exposure, including: • Acute effects • Chronic effects • Delayed effects • Sensitization

  26. Hazard = Exposure x Toxicity • High exposure 90% = 100% x 90 • No exposure 0% = 0% x 90

  27. How can pesticide exposure occur? Mixing/Loading Application Plant residues

  28. Three farm workers gave birth to infants with birth defects.Environmental Health Perspectives, 2007, ehponline.org Insecticide: farm worker applied a carbamate insecticide for several days. He became nauseous, dizzy, weak, and had a headache.Michigan pesticide surveillance report, 2005 Herbicide: a worker was spraying glyphosate, the end of the hose came off and some sprayed on his mouth. He became nauseous and vomited. Michigan pesticide surveillance report, 2005 Fungicide: farm worker mixing fungicide rested his arm on a spill, it became red, irritated, and very itchy. Michigan pesticide Surveillance report, 2005

  29. Toxicity is….. • The potential of a chemical to be poisonous • Expressed as LD50 • Lethal dose for 50% of the population

  30. Signal words

  31. Acute toxicity • High level, one time exposure

  32. Chronic toxicity • Effects are not seen until much later • Result of repeated exposures

  33. Chronic toxicity can cause • Cancer • Tumors • Birth defects • Infertility or sterility • Impotence • Blood disorders • Brain damage • Paralysis • Emphysema, asthma • Kidney problems

  34. Sensitization • Gradual development of allergic reaction to pesticide

  35. WPS safety concept: routes of entry • Routes by which pesticides can enter the body

  36. Dermal exposure • Spilling concentrate during mixing and loading • Wind shift during spraying and getting covered with pesticide drift • Most common way applicators are exposed

  37. Oral exposure • Accidently drinking pesticide • Not washing hands before eating • Most common route that children are poisoned

  38. Inhalation exposure • Mixing and loading in a confined area

  39. Ocular exposure • Rubbing eyes with contaminated hands or clothing • Immediate absorption

  40. WPS safety concept: signs and symptoms • Signs and symptoms of common types of pesticide poisonings

  41. Pesticide poisoning symptoms Mild poisoning Severe poisoning Excessive sweating Stomach cramps Vomiting Diarrhea Blurred vision • Fatigue • Headache • Nausea • Dizziness

  42. WPS safety concept: first aid & medical care • Emergency first aid for pesticide injuries or poisonings • How to obtain medical care

  43. Dermal exposure • Rinse with water • Remove contaminated clothing • Wash with plenty of soap and water

  44. Oral exposure • Rinse mouth with water • Do not induce vomiting if • victim is unconscious • having convulsions • petroleum based product • corrosive pesticide • label specifies NOT to induce vomiting PESTICIDE

  45. Inhalation exposure • Remove to fresh air • Loosen tight clothing • Keep air passages clear • Perform artificial respiration if necessary

  46. Eye exposure • Wash eye with a gentle stream of clean water for 15+ minutes • Get medical attention if there is pain or reddening of the eye

  47. Obtaining medical care

  48. WPS safety concept: obtaining emergency medical care • How to obtain emergency medical care

  49. If you suspect poisoning • Contact a doctor immediately • Tell what pesticides were being used and the EPA registration number • Take labels along if medical care is needed