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Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations Note to viewer
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Note to viewer To view this presentation, be sure the screen shows this slide, the outline of the presentation on the left, and the speaker notes below. Use “View” in the navigation bar and the appropriate viewing mode. Adjust the margins of the three frames as needed. To show this presentation, hide this slide (and slide 24) before selecting “slide show.”
Overview • PowerPoint features • Presentation elements • Formatting • Content • Rehearsal • Instructions specific to this class • Works consulted
PowerPoint features • Commonly used in business presentations • Provides colorful choices • Coordinates vividly with oral delivery • Offers amazing flexibility • Utilizes multi-media (text, graphics, sound, etc.) • Keeps audience on track
Presentation elements • Title page • Presenter(s) introduction • Overview page (presentation contents) • Concise content • Conclusion
Use only 1 or 2 fonts Serif and sans-serif Broad line strokes Complementary styles Use 18 pt. or larger Include up to 3 type treatments per page Size, bold, italics Don’t underline This is Arial This is Garamond This is Aristocrat LET This is Antique Olive This is Delphian Which is easiest to read? Formatting: Text
Formatting: Text • Consistently use upper and lower case • Use consistent placement in layout • Avoid using all upper case letters • Use parallel construction in vertical lists • Omit most punctuation • May use symbols (“&” instead of “and”)
Formatting: Graphics • Represent the topic clearly with graphics • Select suitable & concise graphics • Discard or manipulate wordy insertions • Avoid adulteration • Use a combination of graphics (color, art, charts, graphs, etc.)
Formatting: Graphics • Graphics use several different formats • .psd • .jpeg • .eps • File format compatibility should be considered (PC vs. Mac formats) • Resolution can be low (about 72 dpi)
Formatting: Graphics • Often overused (especially clip art) • Often poorly related to text/topic • Might be obscure (meaning) • Sometimes positioned poorly • Slows transitions and downloading • May not be free (do not steal it!)
Formatting: Graphics • Makes slide more interesting • Might add color • Directs the eye • Enhances or makes a point • May provide humor
Formatting: Graphics • Select diversity “sensitive” clip art • Select clearly-drawn graphics • Avoid “dated” art • Alter free art as needed • Avoid unnecessary clutter • Place graphics appropriately
Alter slide layouts sparingly, but appropriately Select some “permanent” elements for all slides This is a 2-column layout Use the 6 X 6 rule for text Up to 6 lines per page Up to 6 words per line Less when graphics are utilized Formatting: Layouts
Formatting: Layouts • Use basic design concepts for layout • Balance top-to-bottom for placement • Center left-to-right • Size graphics to balance with text • Use appropriate hierarchy in text sizes • Alter slide layout as needed
Formatting: Layouts • Be creative! • Utilize… • Hyperlinks • Sound • Animation • Transitions • Enhance content, don’t compete
Formatting: Notes • Contain presenter’s words and directions • Won’t be seen in “slide show” view • Differentiate between words and directions • Directions in all upper case or brackets • What presenter will say in upper/lower case • Use appropriate punctuation in notes
Content: Purpose • Content depends on purpose • Should relate to audience • Avoid content presenter can’t pronounce • Select highlights • Avoid unnecessary, minute details (dates, figures, etc.) • Provide content that is interesting, yet easy to follow for listeners
Content: Sources • Cite material from other sources • May be on slides • May be in notes (speaker says it) • May be at the end of presentation • Don’t forget sources for graphics • Footnotes should be 1/2 size of text1 • Follow a standard format (MLA, APA, etc.) 1 Lehman & DuFrene, Business Communication, 13th ed. New York: South-Western Thomson Learning, 2002.
Rehearsal: Set the stage • Dark room requires light background • Light room requires dark background • Contrast is the key • Room width/depth determine who can see screen • Obstructions should be avoided • The presenter(s) shouldn’t obstruct the view
Rehearsal: Testing, testing • Assure availability of compatible equipment • Use Web-safe colors • Check for differences between PCs and Macs (type, color, file format) • Check hyperlinks • Always have a back-up plan for projection
Rehearsal: Getting it right • Proofread carefully • Practice in front of others several times • Seek objective feedback • Eradicate spelling errors (presentation & handouts) • Don’t read straight from slides (look at audience)
Rehearsal: Timing • Coordinate speaking and visuals • Use 1 to 2 slides per minute • Maximum: 30 slides per 15-minute presentation (average is 20 slides) • Practice speed, tone, volume, projection (of voice), and movement
Authors B. J. Reed and Patricia A. Clausen
Works Consulted Hult, Christine A. and Thomas N. Huckin. “Oral Presentations Using PowerPoint and Other Tools.” The New Century Handbook, 3rd ed.New York: Pearson Longman, 2005.
Works Consulted Murray, Katherine. 10 Tips for Creating Effective Presentations in PowerPoint 2002. Microsoft Corporation. 21 August 2006. <www.microsoft.com/office/previous/xp/columns>.
Works Consulted Reid, Stephen. The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers, 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.
Works Consulted U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Presenting Effective Presentations with Visual Aids. May 1996. 21 August 2006. <www.osha.gov>.