* Evolution and Acceleration in the Workplace * Process of Decision Making * Living without Computer Technology * Ethics in Modern Society * Social Issues as Individual, or Groups in Various Organizations/Workplaces * Computer Revolution
Evolution & Acceleration in Technology
The Stone Age Stone Age, the time, early in the development of human cultures, before the use of metals, when tools and weapons were made of stone. The dates of the Stone Age vary considerably for different parts of the world. The Stone Age in the Americas began when human beings first arrived in the New World, some 30,000 years ago, and ended in some areas about 2500 BC at the earliest.
The Paleolithic, or Old Stone Age, was the longest, when human creatures first used stone tools. • At the end of the Paleolithic period, modern humans made such specialized tools as needles and harpoons. • After 13,000 bc more clement weather patterns resulted in the greater availability of food. In tropical and temperate forest regions, Paleolithic tools, still chipped, were adapted to the new conditions. This period is known as the Mesolithic, or Middle Stone Age. By 8000 bc. This is known as the Neolithic period, or New Stone Age. Stone tools became highly polished and varied.
THE BRONZE AGE • Bronze Age, the time in the development of any human culture, before the introduction of iron, when most tools and weapons were made of bronze. • Archaeological discoveries since 1960 have upset traditional theories concerning the origins of copper and bronze technologies. Raw copper was being pounded into tools and ornaments as early as 10,000 bc.
The Bronze Age in the Middle East and the eastern Mediterranean has been divided into three phases early, middle, and late. The early phase is characterized by increased use of the metal, from the sporadic to the common. The Bronze Age there ended about 1200 bc, after which iron technology became common.
THE IRON AGE • Iron Age, marks the period of development of TECHNOLOGY, when the working of iron came into general use, replacing bronze as the basic material for implements and weapons. It is the last stage of the archeological sequence known as the three-age system (Stone Age, Bronze Age, & Iron Age).
Iron technology had spread throughout the classical world by about 500 BC. Early steels were discovered by adding small amounts of carbon to iron as it was hammered over a charcoal fire. Mining became well developed and included the use of pumps to keep mines from flooding.
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • During certain periods in history, innovations in technology have grown at such a rapid pace that they have produced what have become known as industrial revolutions. • The Industrial Revolution started in England, because that nation had the technological means, government encouragement, and a large and varied trade network. The first factories appeared in 1740, concentrating on textile production.
Such English inventions as the flying shuttle and carding machines of John Kay, the water frame of Richard Arkwright, the spinning jenny of James Hargreaves, and the improvements in weaving made by Samuel Crompton were all integrated with a new source of power, the steam engine, developed in England by Thomas Newcomen, James Watt, Richard Trevithick, and in the U.S. by Oliver Evans.
THE 20TH CENTURY • Technology is rapidly changing our world. It is bringing us services beyond our grandparent's wildest dreams. It seems that with each year the pace of change quickens. Such 19th and 20th century inventions as the telephone, the phonograph, the wireless radio, the motion picture, the automobile, and the airplane served only to add to the nearly universal respect that society in general felt for technology.
With the development of assembly-line mass production of automobiles and household appliances, acceptance of innovations became not only a fact of everyday life but also a way of life in itself. Society was being rapidly transformed by increased mobility, rapid communication, and a deluge of available information from mass media. Twentieth-century technology spread from Europe and the U.S. to other major nations such as Japan and the Soviet Union
PRESENT 2003 • Technology has always been a major means for creating new physical and human environments. It is possible to ask today whether technology will also destroy the global civilization that human beings have created.
Information • Most likely, information are given by the technology
Decision Making Process • First, you get as many information (Most of the information were found by using technology. • Make the decision based on those information.
Example I: In the morning Waking up in the morning, what you probably think first is “what should I wear to school or work?”, and turn on the TV. Even those little things, we rely on technology.
Example II: Finding a university • When you are finding which university to go, you also rely on the technology, such as fax machine, telephone, internet, and car.
Living Without Technology
We are surrounded by technology in our everyday lives. From the moment we wakeup until we end our days lying in our beds, we depend and take advantage of technology. As the minutes pass by, technology keeps advancing
We do not even send letters via post mail anymore because we have e-mail, nor do we wait until we get home to make phone calls because we have cell phones. These things have become necessities in our lives rather than luxuries.
Let’s see how the world would be if we did not have technology in this modern society. People would probably be late to work, because there would be no alarm, car or actual transportation, communication would be harder, and definitely researching for a paper would be more difficult.
But did you ever think there wouldn’t be enough food, fresh and clean water,clothing, shelter, or many of those other necessities we need to live? Well, all these necessities are made in vast amounts and more rapidly due to technology.
If we were to try to make these provisions without technology, there would also be fewer trees due to needing the trees for fire,light, warmth, et cetera.
So even though few people believe we are ruining the environment with technology, I bet they never thought we would be wrecking the natural resources without technology.
Individual Privacy • Individual identities are stolen • Credit card information gets stolen over the internet • Hidden cameras
Internet scams & hackers • There are virus attached to the e-mails • There are hackers who steal the individual information
Children and Technology • pornographies are shown to the children over the internet where there is no adult • Violating pictures are shown on the TV
Cell phones • Noise that cell phones make in the school, movie theater disturb people • Cell phone at the hospital is hazardous to some patient’s health • 41% of street robberies are due to cell phone theft.
Social issues as individual or group • As individuals, technology is ruinning our health by adding stress on ourselves. (cell phones, laptops). • Talking on the cell phone while driving is worse than drunk driving. It a implies a lot of distraction.
Social issues as individual or group • The internet have helped to revolutionize the education, students can get all answers and support in any web site but what is happening with the book research? • As a groups, the electronic communication is one issue. A lot of information is available for anyone in the workplace so the company and employee privacy has become contentious.
The technology revolution is transforming almost every aspect of our society. Small computer processors, known as microchips, are being embedded in almost everything from automobiles to refrigerators, making them smarter and better able to serve us. Organizations are equipping their work forces with lightweight portable computers, allowing them to communicate wirelessly with their home offices and have access to information in the field. Computer Revolution
Computer revolution is in progress, it is difficult to get a perspective on its development. A lot of people is concerning about how we are relying on computers to do what we had once done in our own heads. Another aspect is that computer revolution is increasing the isolated population. People is losing the personal contact that made the workplace an essential element in the social fabric of the community. Computer Revolution