Upland Limestone Social and Economic opportunities created by the landscape. Yorkshire Dales.
Named Examples • Malham Cove • Gordale Scar. • Great Scar Limestone
Opportunities • Farming - Livestock farming – sheep and beef with some dairy in the lower dales. • Quarrying – provides employment for 7% of the population. Contributes £6 million per year to the local economy. • Gritstone – motorways and runways. • Limestone – agricultural and industrial lime, glass making and toothpaste.
Opportunities • Recreation and leisure – • 10 million people live within 90 mins driving time. • Wide spread of activities across the park. • Walking, climbing, caving, canoeing, exploring the villages, bird watching, gorge walking.
Changes to the farming landscape in the Dales. • Set Aside • Farmers are paid not to plant crops on up to 20% of their land. • Voluntary scheme • The aim is to reduce surplus.
Advantages • Farmers can access additional money for doing nothing with their land. • UK farmers have a choice between moving their set aside area around the farm each year or setting the same piece of land aside for a number of years. This gives them more flexibility as they plan their future cropping • Additional money can be made from alternative non farming activities. • Quad Biking. Camp sites.
Disadvantages • Imposes restrictions on types of crops grown, some of which may be more profitable. • Loss of traditional farming landscape and practices. • Farmers mustmanage their set aside land so that it could be brought back into agricultural production if necessary
Impact in the Dales • Some land given over for grouse shooting and farm woodlands. • Farmhouse accommodation, campsites and farm shops. • Countryside Stewardship Schemes (CSS) pays grants to farmers who manage their land in a traditional way.
Activity • Copy farm diversification diagram page 34. • Question 3 page 37. • Question 6 page 44.