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Mission PowerPoint Presentation

Mission

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Mission

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  1. Mission The mission of the Connecticut Juvenile Justice Alliance is to reduce the number of children and youth entering the juvenile and criminal justice systems, and advocate a safe, effective, and fair system for those involved.

  2. Good news to sharewith you this morning: Overall reforms going on within system over the past ten years have significantly reduced the size of the system from front end to back end:

  3. Effectiveness All system referrals down dramatically: Source: Connecticut Judicial Branch

  4. Average daily population in juvenile detention Effectiveness Source: Connecticut Judicial Branch

  5. Effectiveness Commitments to DCF: FWSN • Delinquency

  6. Priorities for 2010 Make Connecticut’s juvenile justice system • Effective • Fair • Provide support and assistance to the newly created LISTs (Local Implementation Service Teams) around the state

  7. Priorities for 2010Effectiveness • Keep kids out of the adult system • Keep kids who haven’t committed crimes out of the system (FWSN) • Keep kids in school Fairness • Ensuring that a child’s race or ethnicity does not affect how a child is treated

  8. Effectiveness Keep kids out of the adult system. • 16-year-olds part of the juvenile justice system as of January 1, 2010 • 17-year-olds will join the system in 2012

  9. Effectiveness Keep kids out of the adult system. • Youth recidivate less because they receive services in the juvenile justice system that address the root causes of their behavior. • They are more likely to succeed in the future, without a permanent adult record and with access to Pell Grants, etc. • For Raise the Age to be effective, it’s critical to maintain and enhance the services currently offered.

  10. Effectiveness Alliance activities for Raise the Age this year: Keep kids out of the adult system. • Monitor implementation for 16-year-olds • Determine how new policies and procedures are working for youth and families, police, courts, service providers, schools, etc. • Problem solve to ensure smooth transition for 17-year-olds in 2012

  11. Effectiveness • What can you do about Raise the Age? • The Alliance relies on you to let us know how new policies and procedures are working for youth and families, police, courts, service providers, schools, etc. • As the age change affects you and your community call or e-mail us to give with the details.

  12. Effectiveness Keep kids who haven’tcommitted crimes out of the system. • Families With Service Needs (FWSN) – “status offenses,” behaviors that tend to lead to delinquent acts: • Truancy • Running away • Being beyond parental control None of these offenses is a crime.

  13. Effectiveness Keep kids who haven’tcommitted crimes out of the system. • FamiliesWith Service Needs • Philosophy shift: Serve the whole family

  14. Effectiveness Keep kids who haven’tcommitted crimes out of the system. How FWSN reform affects the system FWSN reform and other moves by the state to divert children from juvenile justice involvement are helping to shrink the juvenile justice system. Focus on providing services to youth and families before a FWSN situation would lead to court, has also encouraged and increased access to diversion options for youth throughout the system.

  15. Effectiveness Keep kids who haven’tcommitted crimes out of the system. Family support centers: Immediate comprehensive help for the most high need FWSN cases. Juvenile justice involvement after successful completion of a FSC program Source: Process and Outcome Evaluation of the 2007-2009 CT FWSN Needs Project: Interim Report. Justice Research Center, Inc.

  16. Effectiveness Most communities still lack access to a Family Support Center Hartford Waterbury New Haven Bridgeport

  17. Effectiveness • Alliance activities and what you can do • If your community does not have a Family Support Center, let your legislators know you need one! • Monitor implementation especially with 16-year-olds now included in the FWSN system • Let us know what’s happening with FWSN in your community • Reduce the number of youth who are truant

  18. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. Truancy accounts for about halfof all FWSN cases

  19. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. “Students should be removed from the school setting only under the most exceptional circumstances...That is why we need policies like this that keep students in school, not at home. Keeping children out of school is a direct line to delinquent behavior. Students get farther behind in their course work. They lose hope of catching up. It’s a recipe for failure.” – Governor M. Jodi Rell, June 28, 2007

  20. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. • Truancy – What can we do? • Prevention – brochure for parents • Interventions – look at models that work in districts in CT and around the country and adapt them for use in this district (we’ll help!)

  21. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. Reduce the use of discipline strategies that remove kids from schools: out-of-school suspensions/expulsions and arrests Connecticut Voices for Children postcard

  22. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. Majority of suspensions in CT are for minor, non-violent offenses Sign at a Bridgeport high school

  23. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. Arrests at school Children are more likely to be arrested in school today, many times for offenses that could be better addressed within the school.

  24. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. • Arrests in school – why more? • Zero tolerance policies • Lack of discipline alternatives • Increased pressures on schools • Lack of clarity regarding police presence/role in schools

  25. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. • Reducing school arrests – what can we do? • Get the information out – how many kids are arrested in your district and for what offenses? • Give educators the opportunity to use “common sense” • Clearly define the role of police within the schools and ensure all school resource officers have standardized, appropriate training

  26. Effectiveness Keep kids in school. • How Do We Reduce Other Exclusionary Disciplinary Policies? • CT Voices for Children report • Proactive Discipline strategies • Determine a matrix of disciplinary options tied to various offenses. • Limit the types of offenses/circumstances for which out-of-school consequences are an option. • Ideas that can be explored through your LIST

  27. Effectiveness • Fairness

  28. Fairness All youth in the juvenile justice system should be treated equally, regardless of their race or ethnicity. “Disproportionate Minority Contact” (DMC) = this is not the case. Youth of color are overrepresented in the juvenile justice system and are treated more harshly there.

  29. Fairness What states have Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)?

  30. Fairness All of them

  31. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system?

  32. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Do kids of color commit more crimethan white kids?

  33. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Do kids of color commit more crimethan white kids? NO In national surveys, including one by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, kids of all races and ethnicities self-report committing the same crimes at very similar rates. Kids of all races and ethnicities do the same things. But we treat kids of color more harshly.

  34. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Is Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) a result of poverty?

  35. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Is Disproportionate Minority Contact ( DMC) a result of poverty? NO Connecticut studies of DMC looked at how coming from a low-income neighborhood affects treatment. Poverty is a disadvantage, but it does not fully account for the difference in how a kid is treated.

  36. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Is it simply because there’s more crime in cities, where many of them live?

  37. Fairness Why are there more kids of colorin the juvenile justice system? Is it simply because there’s more crime in cities, where many of them live? NO We actually see a greater disparity in the treatment of minority youth in rural and suburban Connecticut than in the state’s cities.

  38. Fairness Where is the Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) in Connecticut’s juvenile justice system?

  39. Fairness Where is the DMC in Connecticut’s juvenile justice system? CT Juvenile Justice Advisory Committee research by Spectrum Associates 15 “decision points” 7 with Disproportionate Minority Contact

  40. Fairness The data covers a sampling of police cases from 2005-2006, juvenile court recordsfrom 2006 and Department of Children and Families records from 2005-2007.

  41. Fairness The data covers a sampling of police cases from 2005-2006, juvenile court recordsfrom 2006 and Department of Children and Families records from 2005-2007.

  42. Fairness Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) is something we can change. Because we know exactly where in the system these problems exist, we can target those decision points and demand accountability and equality.

  43. Fairness • DMC is in everyone’s interest to change. • Offends our shared values of equality / equal opportunity • Diminishes a child’s long-term chances • Wastes state resources by putting kids in the system who don’t need to be there

  44. Fairness • What can we do about Disproportionate Minority Contact? Build public awareness and Support local efforts: • Community breakfasts • Just Start: JJAC public information campaign www.ctJustStart.org • Support to LISTs

  45. Effectiveness = Fairness Fairness = Effectiveness In conclusion, together we are working to: • Keep children out of the adult system • Advocate for services to help families in distress • Support programs that keep children in school • Ensure that race and ethnicity are not factors in how children in the system are treated

  46. Effectiveness • Fairness • Join our listserv at www.ctjja.org • Become a member of our Facebook community • Join your LIST • Talk with leaders in your school and community • See handouts for more information

  47. Questions? www.ctjja.org