Essential Questions: What are robots? What are they made of?
TEKS ง112.12. Knowledge and skills. (5) Science concepts. The student knows that organisms, objects, and events have properties and patterns The student is expected to: (A) sort objects and events based on properties and patterns; and (B) identify, predict, and create patterns including those seen in charts, graphs, and numbers. 6) Science concepts. The student knows that systems have parts and are composed of organisms and objects. The student is expected to: (A) sort organisms and objects according to their parts and characteristics; (B) observe and describe the parts of plants and animals; (C) manipulate objects such as toys, vehicles, or construction sets so that the parts are separated from the whole which may result in the part or the whole not working; and (D) identify parts that, when put together, can do things they cannot do by themselves, such as a working camera with film, a car moving with a motor, and an airplane flying with fuel. (8) Science concepts. The student distinguishes between living organisms and nonliving objects. The student is expected to: (A) group living organisms and nonliving objects; and (B) compare living organisms and nonliving objects. Bloom’s Taxonomy Students will be able to define and identify robots from the powerpoint. [knowledge] Students will be able to illustrate and give examples from the activities. [comprehension] Students will be able to “design” their own robot. [synthesis]
What Is A Robot? A robot is a machine that can perform tasks either by itself or by a human controlling it. --The word robot was created and used before real robots ever existed.
The First Robot --1961 --Made in the United States by General Motors --A robotic arm --Dropped hot door handles into cooling liquid so workers down the assembly line could keep working on them
--1963 --Developed in Los Amigos Hospital in Downey, California --Made as an artificial limb for the handicapped --Had six joints making it more like a human arm, kind of The Rancho Arm
--1970 --Made by The Stanford Research Institute --The first robot to move around and reason about it’s movements --Contained a video camera & bump sensors --Now in the Robot Hall of Fame Shakey The Robot
--1977 --Made to explore Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, & Neptune --Found possible water on one of Jupiter’s moons Voyager 1
Robots of the Present Tokyo: Teaching Robot -can teach and express emotions The Dancing Robot -Dances by wheels under her skirt
“Recycled Robots” Objectives: The purpose of this lesson is to enhance the students' creative and motor skill development and visual/auditory perception to create a unique/one-of a kind piece of art. Students will work in small groups to plan and create a robot from found objects/junk. Students will cooperatively develop a story/facts about their robot. Materials: Corrugated cardboard (spray paint) for mounting - Gutted dead school computers, junk from personal and others' sheds, castaways from the school's maintenance and bus barn depts. , junkyard (be a dumpster diver!!) Hot glue and liquid nails, something to separate stuff for each group (soda pop flats are ideal). Examples of small stuff for the robots might be: clean nails, screws, washers, nuts, bolts, rivets, buttons, coins, jewelry. Prep ahead of time: cut large sheets of cast-off cardboard into huge rectangles and paint black or whatever color you want. Sort various sized objects from your junk collection into as many boxes as you have groups (4-5 students in each group works well). Decide which kids will work together in which group and write their names on the back of the cardboard. Procedures: Separate kids into groups. Give them their cardboard and box of junk and allow them to explore the stuff -5 minutes After exploration.. the kids will have great ideas about what they want to use from the junk box for their robot. The only real guidance after this point is to remind them about basic proportion: it will work well if they use a large object for the body and head and the medium sized pieces for the neck, arms and legs and the smaller pieces for feet, toes, fingers/pinchers Also... remind them about trying different ideas- different objects in different places to serve as different body parts of the robot. This allows for everyone in the group to have their idea recognized. THEN....sit back and let them “creatively play” and imagine. THIS IS THE GOOD STUFF - 10-15 minutes Monitor and make suggestions only if a group is stuck, but that is very rare.. they are oozing with ideas to try out. Closure- review what they learned today and tell them that their robots will be permanently attached to their background next time they come to class. (http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/lessons/elem/Julie-Robots.htm)
Work Cited "1961: The first robot." The Capital Century -- 100 stories of New Jersey history. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://www.capitalcentury.com/1961.html>. Ed's Nike Missile Web Site. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/robots.html>. "Entertainment androids." Android World - anthropomorphic robots & animatronics. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://www.androidworld.com/prod02.htm>. "Lesson Plan: Recycled Robots - Kindergarten." Princeton Online, Community Website for Princeton New Jersey. Web. 05 Oct. 2009. <http://www.princetonol.com/groups/iad/lessons/elem/Julie-Robots.htm>. MegaGiant Robotics. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://robotics.megagiant.com/history.html>. MegaGiant Robotics. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://robotics.megagiant.com/history.html>. "Robot History." JSC Learning Technologies Home. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://prime.jsc.nasa.gov/ROV/history.html>. "SRI Technology: Shakey the Robot." SRI International - an independent, nonprofit R&D organization dedicated to client success. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://www.sri.com/about/timeline/shakey.html>. "Tokyo school to host first robot teacher." Space News From SpaceDaily.Com. Web. 14 Sept. 2009. <http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Tokyo_school_to_host_first_robot_teacher_999.html>.