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Medieval Food

Medieval Food

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Medieval Food

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  1. Medieval Food By Lily Nugent

  2. Spit roasting Baking Smoking Salting Firing Boiling Cooking • Open fire • Tools • Pots • Pans • Kettles • skillets • Cauldrons • Tools • Knives • Ladles • Meat forks • Scissors

  3. kitchens • Kitchen was in separate building for Fire safety • Spit roasting and iron cauldrons were used • Animals kept outside • Barns nearby • Ponds with fish • Gardens with herbs and vegetables • Large kitchens • Stone sinks • Water from wells • Water from castles came later

  4. Breakfastelite groupcommoners • Ate between 6 and 7 • Tax to bake • Had white bread • 3 meat dishes • 3 fish dishes • Wine or ale to drink • Ate at sunrise • Had dark rye bread • Ale or water • Had cheese occasionally

  5. Beverages • Water from wells • Bad river water • Milk • Lack in refrigerators • Sweetened water • Lots of ale • Made from barley • Lords had wine • Permission to sell ale • Permit for selling wine and ale

  6. Dinner Royalty Peasants • 2-3 courses • Eaten Instead of lunch • Ate between 11am and 12 • 4-6 dishes in each coarse • Usually had meat and fish dishes • Called “ploughman's lunch” • Eaten in the fields • Had dark bread • Made from rye and barley • Had cheese and ale • Ate between 11am and 12

  7. Feasts • Feasts -Christmas Day -Weddings -Special events • Held in great halls • Lords at high tables • Washed hands at table • Ate with fingers • Stale bread-plates • Cut meat with their own knife • Castle cookbooks • Had fast days

  8. Supper Royalty Peasants • Slightly like dinner • Snack before bed • Smaller than dinner • Eaten between 6 and 7pm • Drank wine and ale • Relied mainly on pig meat • Eaten toward sunset • Sunset varied with seasons • Had vegetable pottage and stews • Fish or meat occasionally • Bread and ale

  9. Growing Methods • Farming year started in spring • Oxen and horses used for labor • Usually pulled plow • Horses came later • Rotated crops in fields • Serfs and peasants farmed • Serfs were peasant farmers • Upper class lived off what they farmed • Churches got 10% of all serfs products • Peasants didn’t own the land they farmed

  10. Meat, Poultry and Fish Didn’t eat red meat on Fridays Instead ate fish Preserved fish often Ate -pike -lampreys -trout -carp • Butcher 2-3 witnesses of live animal • Relied on pig meat • All houses had pigs • Fattened and killed them • Beef was popular • Never neglected poultry • Ate pigeons • Geese were highly prized

  11. Fruits and Vegetables Wealthy • Normally didn’t eat raw foods • Had fruit pies • Preserved in honey Peasants • Ate lots of fresh fruits • Many of the fruits common today • Called “Herbs" not vegetables • Ground vegetables were for the poor • Had salads • Salads were called “sallet” Wealthy • Nobles ate -rape -onions -garlic -leek • Upper class had lack in nutrients

  12. Work Cited • cooking." cooking food in the middle ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2010. <www.middle-ages.org.uk\cooking-food-in-the-middle-ages.htm>. • "cooking." cooking food in the middle ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2010. <www.middle-ages.org.uk\cooking-food-in-the-middle-ages.htm>. • "breakfast." medieval travel. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2010. <www.medievaltravel.co.uk\food\medieva-breakfast.htm>. • "food and drink." history learning site. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 May 2010. <www.historylearningsite.co.uk\food-and-drink-in-medieval-england.htm>. • Chrisp, Peter. Medieval Realms - Town and Country Life (Medieval Realms). 1 ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Lucent Books, 2004. Print. • Richardson, Gary. "EH.Net Encyclopedia: Medieval Guilds." EH.Net | Economic History Services. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2010. <http://eh.net/encyclopedia/article/richardson.guilds>. • medieval dinner." history learning sit. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2010. <www.historylearningsite.co.uk\food-and-drink-in-medieval-england.htm>. >. • "medieval supper." history learning site. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2010. <www.historylearningsite.co.uk\food-and-drink-in-medieval-england.htm>. • Bhote, Tehmina. Medieval Feasts and Banquets: Food, Drink, and Celebration in the Middle Ages (The Library of the Middle Ages). 1 ed. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2003. Print • "food." medieval-spell. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2010. <www.medieval-spell.com\medieval-food.htm>..

  13. Please take out a blank piece of paper for the test. Thank you!

  14. They cooked food over a. heated stones b. a stove c. an open fire In castles kitchens were located a. outside the great hall b. behind the grand dinning room c. under the cooks bedroom Peasants ate breakfast at a. 6-7am b. when they woke up c. at sunrise The main drink in medieval times was a. whiskey b. ale c. wine In castles, feasts were held in a. the living room b. the dinning room c. the great hall 6-8 are true or false questions A peasants dinner was called a “ploughman's” lunch. T or F For the royalty supper was bigger than dinner. T or F To organize their fields they planted the same crop in the same field every year. T or F Fill in the blank. The poor ate little blank. The wealthy ate little blank. Word box Fruit Meat Vegetables Test

  15. Answers • C • A • C • B • C • True • False • False • Meat • Vegetables or Fruit