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Chapter 29

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Chapter 29

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  1. Chapter 29 The Civil Rights Era

  2. NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

  3. Thurgood Marshall: Chief lawyer for the NAACP Plessy v. Ferguson Separate but equal 1896

  4. Brown v. Board of Education Began integration in the schools

  5. Little Rock, Arkansas…1957 The Little Rock Nine Little Rock governor OrvalFaubus opposed integration

  6. President Eisenhower... Sent hundreds of soldiers to patrol the school grounds and protect the students.

  7. When did Rosa Park refuse to give up her seat on the bus? December 1, 1955 (lasted 1 year) Boycott: A refusal to use-the city’s buses 75% of riders were AfricanAmerican

  8. Vocabulary • boycott – the refusal to use city buses • segregation – the separation of people of different races. • integration – the bringing of races together in public schools • civil disobedience – the refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust

  9. He followed tactics of: Phillip Randolph and Gandhi (nonviolent protest) Who assassinated him? James Earl Ray in Memphis Famous speech: I have a dream… ***He became the leader of the civil rights movement.

  10. S C L C Southern Christian Leadership Conference started by King and 60 ministers – non violent protest

  11. Mohandas Gandhi….. He used nonviolent protest to help India gain independence from Great Britain. civil disobedience: The refusal to obey the ways that are considered unjust.

  12. Section 2 Richard Nixon John Kennedy

  13. 35th president U.S. Navy –WW II U.S. Senator 1946/Mass. Wrote Profiles in Courage (about difficult decisions made by past U.S. senators) First Catholic President of the U.S. New Frontier

  14. Republican Vice President under Eisenhower Participated with Kennedy in 1st televised debates (He looked sickly) Nixon – 49.5% Kennedy 49.7% Kennedy more electorial votes 303/219

  15. Kennedy – 49.7% Nixon – 49.5%

  16. New Frontier • Social programs • More money for education • Help poor people get jobs • Help African Americans fight for civil rights

  17. The Assassination… • November 22, 1963 • Dallas, Texas • Lee Harvey Oswald • Oswald killed by Jack Ruby

  18. Kennedy’s Vice President: Lyndon Johnson 22 years in Congress “Great Society” P O V E R T Y W A R O N

  19. Head Start Upward Bound - Job Corps VISTA - Volunteers in Service to America Preschool education Helped poor kids attend college Training to young people who want work

  20. HUD Helped fund public housing projects Department of Housing and Urban Development

  21. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Prohibited discrimination against African Americans in employment, voting, and public accommodations.

  22. Medicare: helped pay for medical care for senior citizens Medicaid: helped poor people pay hospital billsand people with disabilities

  23. Section 3 The Struggle Continues

  24. Sit Ins: The act of protesting by sitting down

  25. S N C C tudent onviolent oordination ommittee

  26. A group of African Americans and white CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) left D.C. bound for New Orleans called themselves….. FREEDOM RIDERS Interstate buses- buses that crossed state lines

  27. Robert Kennedy, U.S. attorney general …… Called for a “cooling off period” “We have been cooling off for 350 years . If we cool off any more, we will be a deep freeze.”

  28. James Meredith 1st African American to enroll at the University of Mississippi

  29. Gov. George Wallace at the University of Alabama

  30. The Children’s March happened in Birmingham, Alabama. • Dr. King and the SCLC chose B’ham for the desegregation protest. President Kennedy sent 3,000 troops to restore peace. He presented new legislation giving all Americans….. • Right to be served in public places • Barring discrimination in employment

  31. March on Washington, D.C. 200,000 people / Dr. King

  32. President Johnson: Civil Rights Act of 1964 which ended segregation in….. • restrooms, stores, restaurants, theaters, and • hotels

  33. Selma march to Montgomery in 1964 President Johnson signed the….. Voting Rights Act of 1965

  34. Malcolm X: a leader in the Nation of Islam (or Black Muslims), emerged as a new voice for African Americans. First belief – blacks should separate themselves from whites.. Later believed – “A society in which there could exist white-black brotherhood.”

  35. They brought tensions between African Americans/police…..frustrated with poverty and unemployment

  36. Assassinated… April 4, 1968 By… James Earl Ray In… Memphis, TN

  37. Group packet work for section 4