Tuesday 11/30/10 • Good Morning! • Warm-up: What was the main goal of the Congress of Vienna and Metternich? • Today: Notes on Nationalism • Turn in SBQs
Europe faces Revolutions • Nationalism-belief that people’s loyalty should be to a nation of those sharing common culture not a king or empire • Conservatives: Wealthy property owners and nobility-monarchs • Liberal: middle class business leaders-more power to elected parliaments-limit voting to educated landowners • Radical: Extend democracy to all people-ideals of FR-liberty, equality, brotherhood
Nation-state • Nation had independent government, defends territory and way of life • Defining a Nation-state: • Culture • History • Language • Territory • Nationality-common ethnic ancestry • Religion
Pro/Cons of Nationalism • Pro • Overcome differences for common good • Overthrown colonial rule • Democracy • Competition spurs technological advancements • Con • Forced assimilation of minority cultures • Ethnic cleansing • Rise of extreme nationalistic movements (Nazism) • Competition leads to warfare
Greek Independence • Belonged to Ottoman Empire-the Balkans • Modern-day: Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey and former Yugoslavia
Greek Independence • Greek Orthodox Christians ruled by Ottoman Muslims • Flashback- • Roman Catholic Church split ~500 AD over dispute of icons while under Byzantine Empire • Later Muslims took over region during the spread of Islam religion
Greek Independence • Everyone loved Greece • 1827 Combined efforts of British, Russian, and French fleets destroyed Ottomans in Battle of Navarino • 1830 British, French and Russia signed Treaty guaranteeing Greek independence
Assignment • Please use pgs. 168-175 Turn in Basket! • What role did religion play in the Greek independence movement? • Why did Great Britain, France and Russia support the Greeks? • What was the over all impact of the Greek independence on Europe?