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Nouns

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Nouns

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  1. Nouns Objective I-1 IDENTIFY CORRECT NOUN FORMS (Singular and Plural).

  2. Noun A noun is a word that names something: a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. Examples: governor Alaska hospital Southeast Alabama Medical Center Julie Mullins Turner

  3. There are five classes of nouns. • Proper • Common • Concrete • Abstract • Collective Julie Mullins Turner

  4. Proper Nouns A proper noun names a particular person, place, thing, or idea. Examples: • Dr. Nichols • Northview High School • Dothan High School Julie Mullins Turner

  5. Common Nouns A common noun does not name a particular person, place, thing, or idea. Common nouns are not capitalized. Examples: • cheerleader • student • park Julie Mullins Turner

  6. Concrete Nouns A concrete noun names a thing that is tangible (can be seen, touched, heard, smelled, or tasted). Concrete nouns are either proper or common. Examples: • child • music • Grand Canyon Julie Mullins Turner

  7. Abstract Nouns An abstract noun names an idea, a condition, or a feeling—in other words, something that cannot be touched, smelled, tasted, seen or heard. Examples: • freedom • greed • progress Julie Mullins Turner

  8. Collective Nouns A collective noun names a group or a unit. Examples: • United States • team • crowd • community Julie Mullins Turner

  9. Forms of Nouns Nouns are grouped according to their number, gender, and case. Julie Mullins Turner

  10. Number of Noun Number indicates whether the noun is singular or plural. • A singular noun refers to ONE person, place, thing, or idea. actor stadium Canadian bully person • A plural noun refers to MORE THAN ONE person, place thing, or idea. actors stadiums Canadians bullies people Julie Mullins Turner

  11. Gender of A Noun Gender indicates whether a noun is masculine, feminine, neuter, or indefinite. • Masculine: uncle, brother, men, bull, rooster, stallion • Feminine: aunt, sister, women, cow, hen, filly • Neuter (without gender): tree, cobweb, garage, closet • Indefinite (masculine or feminine): president, plumber, doctor, parent Julie Mullins Turner

  12. Case of a Noun Case tells how nouns are related to other words used with them. There are three cases: nominative, possessive, and objective. Julie Mullins Turner

  13. Now Let’s Practice! Practice Makes Perfect! Directions: There are sentences on the next few slides. For each underlined noun, write its class (there will be at least two classes for each) and number. Julie Mullins Turner

  14. Checks and balances in the United States government allow Congress to override a presidential veto. Julie Mullins Turner

  15. Checks and balances in the United States government allow Congress to override a presidential veto. Answer Class: proper, abstract, collective Number: singular Julie Mullins Turner

  16. During the American Revolution, George Washington was commander of the Continental army. Julie Mullins Turner

  17. During the American Revolution, George Washington was commander of the Continental army. Answer Class: proper, concrete Number: singular Julie Mullins Turner

  18. The tax laws imposed on the colonists by the British government were viewed as unfair. Julie Mullins Turner

  19. The tax laws imposed on the colonists by the British government were viewed as unfair. Answer Class: common, concrete Number: plural Julie Mullins Turner

  20. Plural Nouns • A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea. • There are different ways to form the plurals of nouns depending on the noun. Julie Mullins Turner

  21. Most Nouns Form the plurals of most nouns by adding s to the singular. cheerleader—cheerleaders wheel—wheels crate--crates Julie Mullins Turner

  22. Nouns Ending in sh, ch, x, s, and z Form the plurals of nouns ending in sh, ch, x, s, and z, by adding es to the singular. lunch—lunches dish—dishes mess—messes fox--foxes Julie Mullins Turner

  23. Nouns Ending in Y The plurals of common nouns that end in y—preceded by a consonant—are formed by changing the y to i and adding es. fly—flies jalopy—jalopies Form the plural of nouns that end in y—preceded by a vowel—by adding only an s. donkey—donkeys monkey—monkeys Note: Form the plurals of all proper nouns ending in y by adding s. Julie Mullins Turner

  24. Nouns Ending in O The plurals of nouns ending in o—preceded by a vowel—are formed by adding an s. radio—radios rodeo—rodeos Julie Mullins Turner

  25. Nouns Ending in O The plurals of most nouns ending in o— preceded by a consonant—are formed by adding es. echo—echoes hero—heroes tomato--tomatoes Julie Mullins Turner

  26. Nouns Ending in ful Form the plurals of nouns that end in ful by adding an s at the end of the word. three pailfuls four mouthfuls Julie Mullins Turner

  27. Compound Nouns Form the plurals of most compound nouns by adding s or es to the important word in the compound. brothers-in-law maids of honor secretaries of state Julie Mullins Turner

  28. Now Let’s Practice! Practice Makes Perfect! Directions: Write the correct plural of the underlined word in each sentence. Julie Mullins Turner

  29. The keyes for the table saw are in the industrial arts office. Julie Mullins Turner

  30. The keyes for the table saw are in the industrial arts office. Answer keys Julie Mullins Turner

  31. Karson poured five cansful of water into the kettle and carefully stirred the soup. Julie Mullins Turner

  32. Karson poured five cansful of water into the kettle and carefully stirred the soup. Answer canfuls Julie Mullins Turner

  33. We followed our guide across three mountain pass’s to get to Blaine’s Ridge. Julie Mullins Turner

  34. We followed our guide across three mountain pass’s to get to Blaine’s Ridge. Answer passes Julie Mullins Turner

  35. The landscaping staff will plant lilac bushs along the walk to the main entrance. Julie Mullins Turner

  36. The landscaping staff will plant lilac bushs along the walk to the main entrance. Answer bushes Julie Mullins Turner

  37. The Turners looked at five different patioes before picking out a design they liked. Julie Mullins Turner

  38. The Turners looked at five different patioes before picking out a design they liked. Answers patios Julie Mullins Turner

  39. Work With A Partner Directions: Write a sentence for the plural of each of the following words. ray tress glassful territory Julie Mullins Turner

  40. Work With A Partner Directions: Write a sentence for the plural of each of the following words. rays tresses glassfuls territories Julie Mullins Turner

  41. Nouns Ending in f or fe Form the plurals of nouns that end in f or fe in one of two ways: if the final f sound is still heard in the plural form of the word, simply add s; but if the final f sound becomes a v sound, change the f to ve and add s. Plural ends with f sound: roof—roofs: chief—chiefs Plural ends with v sound: wife—wives; loaf--loaves Julie Mullins Turner

  42. Irregular Spelling A number of words from a plural by taking on an irregular spelling. crisis—crises child—children radius—radii criterion—criteria goose—geese die—dice Some nouns remain unchanged when used as plurals. deer moose sheep salmon aircraft series Julie Mullins Turner

  43. Collective Nouns A collective noun may be singular or plural depending upon how it’s used. A collective noun is singular when it refers to a group considered as one unit; it is plural when it refers to the individuals in the group. The class was on its best behavior. (group as a unit) The class are preparing for their final exams. (individuals in the group.) Julie Mullins Turner

  44. Now Let’s Practice! Practice Makes Perfect! Directions: Write the plural form of the word in parentheses. Julie Mullins Turner

  45. When David opened the musty trunk, he was startled to see four (mouse) staring back at him. Julie Mullins Turner

  46. When David opened the musty trunk, he was startled to see four mice staring back at him. Julie Mullins Turner

  47. Isle Royal an island in Lake Superior, supports a population of about 1,000 (moose). Julie Mullins Turner

  48. Isle Royal an island in Lake Superior, supports a population of about 1,000 moose. Julie Mullins Turner

  49. The men and their (wife) were driven to the game in a limousine. Julie Mullins Turner

  50. The men and their wives were driven to the game in a limousine. Julie Mullins Turner