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Minnesota’s “Other” Sports: Adapted Athletics PowerPoint Presentation
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Minnesota’s “Other” Sports: Adapted Athletics

Minnesota’s “Other” Sports: Adapted Athletics

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Minnesota’s “Other” Sports: Adapted Athletics

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  1. Minnesota’s “Other” Sports:Adapted Athletics Marcus Onsum Rhonda Landwehr St. Cloud State University

  2. Presentation Outline • History • MSHSL sanctioned sports • Divisions/Conferences • Eligibility • Game play/Rules • Benefits of Participation • Getting Involved • Participant/Coach/Official • References/Resources

  3. KARE 11 Story • KARE 11 video

  4. History • 1952—AAHPERD defined adapted physical education • 1975—First adapted sports league formed in the Twin Cities • 1978—Metro Association for Adapted Athletics (MAAA) was founded • First governing body for adapted athletics in Minnesota

  5. History • The mission of the Metro Association for Adapted Athletics is to: “provide youths with disabilities the same opportunity as other students to enjoy the benefits of a quality high school sports program.”

  6. History • Late 1980’s—Divisions were formed • Mentally Handicapped (MH) and Physical and Other Health Impairments (POHI) • 1992—Minnesota State High School League (MSHSL) sanctioned and became the governing body for all Adapted Athletics

  7. History • June 2000 – MSHSL sanctioned first adapted bowling state tournament • September 2003 – POHI and MH were renamed to PI and CI to follow current state classifications

  8. MSHSL Sanctioned Sports • Bylaw 415.00: • Sports: soccer (fall), floor hockey (winter), softball (spring), and bowling (spring) • Teams can be formed by cooperative agreements with neighboring schools and districts

  9. MSHSL Sanctioned Sports • All sports are played according to NFHS game rules in conjunction with adapted supplements created by MAAA founding members and the MSHSL • Minnesota is the only state that has a governing body (MSHSL) for an adapted athletic program

  10. Divisions & Eligibility • Physically Impaired (PI) • Students must have a medically diagnosed and documented disability that falls into one of two specified sections: • “ neuromuscular, postural/skeletal, traumatic, growth or neurological impairment that either affects motor function or modifies gait patterns.”

  11. Divisions & Eligibility • Physically Impaired (PI) (Cont.) • “cardio/respiratory impairment that is deemed safe for athletics but still creates physical distress when five minutes of physical activity at 60% of maximum heart rate is performed.”

  12. Divisions & Eligibility • Cognitively Impaired (CI) • The student must have a diagnosed and documented cognitive impairment. • This refers to students with “sub-average intellectual function defined by a Full Scale intelligence quotient of 70 or below, using a standardized, nationally-normed, technically adequate, and individually administered intelligence test.”

  13. Conferences • The MAAA is now the official conference to which adapted athletics belongs • Each division has its own sub-conferences for regular season play • CI North & South • PI North & South

  14. Adapted Soccer • Played indoors, preferably in a high school sized gymnasium • Indoor, low-bounce soccer balls are used • Offside rule eliminated

  15. Adapted Soccer • PI Division • Running is not allowed • All teams must play at least two athletes using assistive devices • CI Division • Designated positions/areas for each player • Running is allowed

  16. Adapted Soccer • Soccer game video

  17. Adapted Floor Hockey • Played indoors, preferably in a high school sized gymnasium • Athletes must wear helmets; all other protective gear is optional • Plastic sticks and pucks are used

  18. Adapted Floor Hockey • PI Division • Follows traditional hockey rules (icing, offside, etc.) but without any contact • Running is not allowed • Must play two athletes that use assistive devices

  19. Adapted Floor Hockey • CI Division • Rules are simplified (offside and icing are eliminated) • Contact is not allowed • Running is allowed • Designated positions/areas for each player

  20. Adapted Floor Hockey • Floor hockey game video

  21. Adapted Softball • Played indoors in any space that provides adequate space (usually a gymnasium) • Plastic bats and balls are used. • CI Division – plays like traditional softball

  22. Adapted Softball • PI Division – very complex rules with special designations made for students that use assistive devices • Must play two athletes using assistive devices • All players (except pitcher) are not required to catch a thrown or batted ball to record an out • Running is not limited

  23. Adapted Softball • Softball game video

  24. Adapted Bowling • Each division has singles and doubles; competition can be co-ed • Teams are made up of four bowlers. • Two games per match, sixteen match maximum • Ramps and other modifications may be used, but bowler must be independent in all adjustments

  25. Benefits of Participation • Interscholastic Athletics should provide opportunities to discover and/or improve: • Goal setting • Pride and self-confidence • Friendships • Leadership and teamwork • Competitiveness • Graciousness (win or lose) (MAAA website)

  26. Benefits of Participation • Interscholastic Athletics should provide opportunities to discover and/or improve: • Physical condition/wellness • Concentration and intensity • A sense of community and belonging • Commitment and dedication (MAAA website)

  27. Player TestimonialAshley

  28. Player TestimonialKati

  29. Parent TestimonialSally

  30. Parent TestimonialJudie

  31. Getting Involved • Athlete • Costs • Athletic fees vary by school • Special equipment costs covered by player • Teams subject to conference membership fee • Eligibility • As outlined previously, must be documented medically or via reliable testing

  32. Getting Involved • Athlete • Policies • Athletes expected to abide by MSHSL participation guidelines and MAAA policies • Awards • All-Tournament Team, conference awards, team awards, school letter • MSHSL/Wells Fargo sponsor All Tournament Teams for each sport

  33. Getting Involved • Coach (must be certified) • School • Program funding usually comes from general funds • Officials • Paid position • Contact MSHSL or local high school organization to register

  34. References & Resources • • • • • Johnson, Ted H. Let the Third Child Play: Adapted Athletics at the Crossroad. Saint Cloud State University, Unpublished Starred Paper, 1993. • Game footage provided courtesy of Northwest Community Television, Brooklyn Park, MN. • All player and parent interviews used with permission. • Adapted Athletics story provided courtesy of KARE 11 Television, Golden Valley, MN.

  35. THANK YOU FOR ATTENDING OUR SESSION. For further information regarding adapted athletics please refer to MAAA and MSHSL websites or contact Marcus Onsum at: