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English Language Arts Grade 9

English Language Arts Grade 9

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English Language Arts Grade 9

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  1. English Language Arts Grade 9 Mrs. Jeffries

  2. Parallelism Unit 1 PARALLEL STRUCTURE means using thesamepattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. • Ex. College students find that in addition to tuition, room, and board they must be able to finance other expenses including books, transportation, and entertainment. -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Task: Write down the two instances of noun parallelism found within the sentence above. 1. ______________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________

  3. Parallelism Unit 1 PARALLEL STRUCTURE means using thesamepattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. Parallel structure (also called parallelism) is the repetition of a chosen grammatical form within a sentence. By making each compared item or idea in your sentence follow the same grammatical pattern, you create a parallel construction. • Example 1 • Not Parallel: Mary likes hiking, swimming, and to ridea bicycle. • Parallel: Mary likes hiking, swimming, and ridinga bicycle. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Task: Make the following sentences parallel. 1. The dictionary can be used for these purposes: to find word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and looking up irregular verbs. 2. Ellen likes fishing, the rodeo, and to take afternoon naps.

  4. Parallelism Unit 1 • Often our writing includes lists. If these lists are to be logical and readable, the items in them must be parallel with one another. That is, all of the items in a list must be of the same logical and grammatical structure: • all single words of the same part of speech (e.g., all nouns, all adjectives, all verbals) Task: Complete. 1. Combine the following sentences in a manner that displays parallelism. Carol picked up her books. Carol picked up her pens. Carol picked up her jacket.

  5. Parallelism Unit 1 1. Combine the following sentences in a manner that displays parallelism. Carol picked up her books. Carol picked up her pens. Carol picked up her jacket. • Carol picked up her books, pens, and jacket.

  6. Parallelism - You try • Declining trees both have a higher probability of branch failures and of dying prematurely. • She likes reading the latest novels and to listen to music. • The Budget Information System is a query system, the database is small, and we need to recognize the fact that the response time is unacceptably long. • My dog not only likes to play fetch, but also chase cars.

  7. Parallelism –You Try • John Taylor Gatto criticizes public schools because they are compulsory, funded by the government, and destroy students' humanity.

  8. Find as many examples of parallelism as possible • Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. • Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. • But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

  9. Find as many examples of parallelism as possible • Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. • Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battle field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. • But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate — we can not consecrate — we can not hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.