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Convergence Technology

Convergence Technology

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Convergence Technology

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  1. Convergence Technology

  2. Ch 01 Telecom Overview • Define communications and telecommunications • Components of a communications system • Difference between voice, video, and data telecommunications • How telecom is used in various industries • Careers available in telecom profession • Standards Organizations

  3. Ch 02 Principles of Telecom Technology • Describe the principles of electricity underlying telecom signaling • Explain current and voltage • Components of an integrated circuit • Difference between analog and digital transmission • Examples of binary coding to decimal • Describe various electricity and data transmission measures

  4. Ch 03 Evolution of Telecom Technology and Policy • Describe the growth of telecom technology • Key inventions and current equivalents today • The impact of AT&T’s divestiture • Explain how government has influenced the way consumers obtain telecom services • Current policy trends that affect the telecom industry

  5. Ch 04 Public Network • Describe the structure of the PSTN (general terms) • Types of carriers currently in the PSTN • The elements of outside plant and their purposes • The elements of inside plant and their purposes • The hierarchy of central offices in the PSTN • Explain issues related to interconnection and billing between common carriers • Describe the current telephone numbering plan and how it evolved

  6. Ch 05 Customer Premise Equipment • What is customer premise equipment • Significant components of a modern telephone • Discuss various station equipment • Explain how private switching systems integrate with CPE and PSTN • Describe how enhanced CPE services work and how they benefit businesses

  7. Ch 06 Signaling and Switching • Define modulation and explain 4 basic versions • Explain different types of multiplexing techniques, hardware, & benefits • Fundamental types of switching used in voice and data communications • Identify differences between local and tandem switches • Describe modern signaling techniques used t route calls to their destination

  8. Ch 07 Data Networking Fundamentals • Discuss basic networking concepts-client/server networks • Examples of multiple network services • Describe differences – LANs, MANs, & WANs • Functions of each layer of the OSI reference model • Describe the purpose of protocols and list several types • Core protocols and addressing scheme for the TCP/IP suite

  9. Ch 08 Physical Transmission Media • Characteristics of wireline transmission • Properties and uses of coaxial cable • Properties and uses of twisted pair wire • Characteristics of lightwave transmission • Properties and uses of fiber optic cable • Factors to consider selecting telecom medium • Explain cabling standards • Describe best practices for installing media • Techniques for testing continuity and performance of physical transmission media

  10. Ch 09 Wireless Transmission and Services • Associate electromagnetic waves at various points on the wireless spectrum with their wireless services • Characteristics distinguishing wireless from wired transmission • Explain the architecture and access methods in cellular networks and services • Distinguish differences between wireless and wireline local loops • Describe WLAN standards including advantages, disadvantages, & uses • Identify satellite positioning schemes and services that rely on satellite transmission

  11. Ch 10 Network Access and Transmission Methods • Recognize physical topologies in data networks • Describe Ethernet and CSMA/CD network access method • Describe the different types of Ethernet access methods • Describe the techniques used in Token Ring, ATM, & FDDI network access • Main characteristics of network transmission methods – X.25, Frame Relay, T-Carriers, ISDN, cable, and SONET

  12. Ch 11 Data Network Connectivity • Function and operation of NIC • Comon types of NICs • Purpose and operation of hubs and repeaters • Purpose and operation of bridges and swtiches • How routers connect dissimilar networks • Explain how to connect LAN or WANs via a modem • What components are necessary for access and carrier network connectivity

  13. Ch 12 Internet Standards and Services • Summarize the history of the Internet • Identify the organizations that cooperate to set Internet standards • Explain Internet domain and host naming • Identify popular Internet-based services and identify the protocols on which they rely • Run and interpret the output of simple TCP/IP utilities

  14. Ch 13 Information Security • Key steps in assessing security risks • Purpose and elements of a security policy • Strategies to minimize security risks regarding; password, physical, and access • Data encryption methods • Identify security threats to and how to prevent in: • Public and private telephone networks • LANs and WANs • Wireless networks

  15. Ch 14 Convergence • Terminology used to describe aspects of converged networks • Describe applications available on converged networks • VoIP implementation, costs, & benefits • Explain encoding of analog voice and video signals to digital signals for transmission over a packet-switched network • Key signaling and transport protocols used in VoIP • Describe QoS challenges on converged networks • What techniques can improve QoS