SNOW Safety Education Program Presenter’s Slide Show
Introduction • Briefly About Me • Briefly About AdventureSmart • Briefly About Snow Safety Education Program
Objectives • Is designed to provide an awareness of the risks associated with outdoor recreational pursuits and to encourage people to share the responsibility for their safety • To encourage safe participation in winter sports, especially skiing and snowboarding • To increase awareness of winter hazards • To promote shared responsibility for safety
The Importance of Snow Safety • Approximately 15 million domestic ski/snowboard visits across Canada. • In 2007, 4 million Canadians 12 and over participated in alpine, cross country skiing or snowboarding. 2,000,000 alpine skiers in 2007 1,000,000 snowboarders in 2007 900,000 cross country skiers in 2006 With the popularity of these activities, search and rescue incidents may happen more frequently than you think … and no-one ever thinks it could happen to them.
Outline • Playing it Safe In Bounds • Alpine Responsibility Code • Ski hill signage • In bounds hazards • Avalanche areas • Going out of bounds The Backcountry? • What is the backcountry? • Backcountry hazards • Avalanche awareness • What do you need for the backcountry?
In Bounds The Alpine Responsibility Code • Always stay in control. • People ahead of you have the right-of-way. • Do not stop where you obstruct a trail or are not visible from above. • Before starting downhill or merging, look uphill and yield to others. • If you’re involved in or witness a collision or accident, you must remain at the scene and identify yourself to Ski Patrol. • Always use proper devices to help prevent runaway equipment. • Observe and obey all posted signs/warnings. • Keep off closed trails and closed areas. • Do not use lifts/terrain if your ability is impaired by alcohol or drugs. • Have the ability and knowledge to safely load, ride and unload lifts.
Ski Resort Signage • Green circle – Easy • Blue Square – Intermediate • Black Diamond – Advanced • Double Black Diamond – Expert
The Right Gear • Wear a Helmet.
Cruise in Twos • Everyone should ride with a buddy.
SIGNALING • A WHISTLE is much louder and more efficient than using your voice when you are in trouble.
In Bounds Hazards – Look for the signs • These include things like rocks, cliffs, trees, half-pipes, ice, tree wells, moguls, creeks, avalanches, snow conditions, etc.
Avalanche Areas • Signs that you may see when skiing/boarding within the ski area boundaries are:
Out of Bounds • In bounds = within the ski area boundaries • Out of bounds = outside the ski area boundaries. • Skiing/Boarding out of bounds is extremely dangerous and you may have your ski privileges suspended or withdrawn
What is the Backcountry? Any area you can ski/tour/snowmobile/winter camp/snowshoe that is accessible but you must be equipped for winter travel and have the proper training to use your gear.
Backcountry Hazards • What are some things that could happen in the backcountry? • Injury • Gear breakdown • Getting lost • Weather change • Darkness • Coldness • Hunger • Avalanche
Backcountry Must • What you absolutely NEED for the backcountry?
Avalanche ingredients Avalanches occur when the load on the upper snow layers exceeds the forces bonding the upper layers to the layer beneath Slope Snow Instability Trigger Photo courtesy Dr. Bruce Jamieson: http://www.eng.ucalgary.ca/avalanch.htm
Snowpack • A snowpack is made of lots of different layers of snow. • An avalanche can happen when a strong layer of snow lies on top of a weaker layer of snow - it just needs a trigger for it to slide.
Cross Country Responsibility Code • Always check posted trail conditions. • Ski in correct direction. • Obey all trail signs and warnings. • Ski to the right when meeting on-coming skiers and when skiing double track. • Yield to faster skiers or skiers calling “track”. • Ski in control (descending skiers have the right away). • Do not stop where you obstruct a trail or aren’t visible to others. • Respect all property (Do not litter). • Report all incidents.