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Introduction to Sport Psychology – Chapter 1 Professional Issues – Chapter 2 History of Sport Psychology – Chapter 4 PowerPoint Presentation
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Introduction to Sport Psychology – Chapter 1 Professional Issues – Chapter 2 History of Sport Psychology – Chapter 4

Introduction to Sport Psychology – Chapter 1 Professional Issues – Chapter 2 History of Sport Psychology – Chapter 4

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Introduction to Sport Psychology – Chapter 1 Professional Issues – Chapter 2 History of Sport Psychology – Chapter 4

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  1. Introduction to Sport Psychology – Chapter 1Professional Issues – Chapter 2History of Sport Psychology – Chapter 4 Psychology of Sport August 26-31, 2009 Classes #2-4

  2. What is Sports Psychology • “Being in the flow” (Csikzentmihalyi) or “in the zone” • Optimal experience • Enhance performance • Clinical issues • Individual differences

  3. Sugarman (2007) • What’s needed to reach optimal performance?

  4. Types of Sport Psychologists • Clinical/Counseling • Educational • Research

  5. Training the Sport Psychologist • College Departments: • Physical Education • Kinesiology • Sport Studies • Human Movement Studies • Sport Sciences • Psychology • Athletic Counseling

  6. Credentialing: Who can be called a “sport psychologist”? • Licensure • Statutory process designed to regulate member conduct • Certification • Nonstatutory credentialing procedure carried out by an organization (AASP) • Registry • Nonstatutory procedure indication professional recognition

  7. Ethical Principles • Competence • Integrity • Professional and Scientific Responsibility • Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity • Concern for the Welfare of Others • Social Responsibility

  8. Image of the Profession • Some players and coaches are skeptical (“old school”) • Media seems to be supporting advances made because of interventions of sport psychologists

  9. Employment for Sport Psychologists • Set up private practice allocating some or all to working with athletes • Need earned Ph.D. in clinical or counseling and take sport sciences courses or athletic counseling degree • University professor in psychology, kinesiology, sport sciences, etc. department and teach, conduct research, and train athletes in sport psychological techniques • Need earned Ph.D. in sport psychology or related field

  10. History of Sport Psychology • Triplett (1897) often cited as the first sport psychology experiment • Triplett, who was a bicycling enthusiast, noticed that cyclists performed better in races than they did when they were paced by motor-driven cycles or when they were timed riding the course alone

  11. Mere Presence of Others and Social Facilitation • Same result when he asked children to wind fishing reels as quickly as possible • He thought that the mere presence of others would improve our performance

  12. Triplett (1897): Fishing reels study • Participants: • 40 children ages 8 to 17 • Procedures: • A trial consisted in turning the reel at the highest rate of speed until a small flag sewed to the silk band had made four circuits of the four-meter course • The time of the trial was taken by means of a stop-watch • Results: • All children performed faster when in competition compared to when alone

  13. History of Sport Psych • Griffith • Ogilvie • Martens