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ARIZONA PowerPoint Presentation

ARIZONA

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ARIZONA

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  1. ARIZONA Territory to Statehood: 1863 - 1912

  2. Arizona Timeline • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase

  3. 1821 – Independence of Mexico

  4. 1845– U.S. war with Mexico • New Mexico became territory • Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago • 1853 – Gadsden Purchase

  5. 1862 – Civil War • In Arizona – Battle of Picacho at Picacho Peak, AZ Battle between the Union cavalry patrol from California and a party of Confederate pickets from Tucson.

  6. February 24, 1863 – Arizona becomes Territory(separate from New Mexico) Charles D. Poston, the “Father of Arizona” • Goes to Washington D.C. to interest President Lincoln in making Arizona aterritory. • Became Delegate in 1864 • Chino Valley, capital

  7. Capital moves • 1864 – moves from Chino Valley to Prescott • 1867 – moves to Tucson • 1877 – moves to Prescott • 1889 – moves to Phoenix for last time

  8. Arizona Territory Officials • 1863 – 1866; 1st Governor, John N. Goodwin • Became Arizona’s Delegate to the U.S. Congress in 1866-67 • He submitted several bills for military aid to fight hostile Indians and establish postal routes • Appointed by Pres. Lincoln

  9. Arizona Territory Officials • Secretary Richard C. McCormick • Became Second Governor in 1866 • Became Delegate in 1869 • Appointed by Pres. Lincoln • Traveled with Goodwin • Started first 2 newspapers of Arizona • Asked for Troops to help tame the Apaches.

  10. Arizona Territory Officials • In 1869, Anson P.K. Safford became 3rd Governor. • He started the public school system, giving him the title of “Father of the Arizona Public Schools” • Developed Volunteer troops to fight hostile Indians and Mexican outlaws. • Made highway robberies a capital offense and built the Yuma Territorial Prison.

  11. 1875 – Copper • 1st mine in Arizona

  12. 1877 – Silver deposits discovered • Globe, Arizona – 1st Silver Mine • Mine Rescue Station

  13. 1880 Southern Pacific Railroad is completed across Arizona • Yuma, Arizona … bridge for the Railroad

  14. 1881 - 1st Territorial Fair, Phoenix

  15. 1886 – Indian Wars end. • Geronimo and Apaches surrender • It took 5,000 troops to capture Geronimo • They paraded him around various Wild West Shows • Geronimo ended his days as a prisoner of war in Oklahoma dying from pneumonia at the age of 79.

  16. 1891 – First university class • At the University of Arizona “The University of Arizona came into being in a time when college education was neither common nor a high priority. Classes met for the first time in 1891 with 32 students and six teachers. The first two colleges, Agriculture and Mines, held classes in the university's only building -- Old Main -- which is still in use today “

  17. 1902 – Plans for statehood • New Mexico became a state January 6, 1912

  18. 1910 – Convention held in Arizona The Arizona State Constitution was drafted and ratified during the Constitutional Convention of 1910.

  19. 1912 – February 14th • Arizona is admitted as the 48th state! • President Taft signed the bill.

  20. Arizona State’s 1st Governor • George W. P. Hunt is elected first governor.