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What is World History?

What is World History?

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What is World History?

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  1. What is World History?

  2. History Record of the Past Documents Artifacts Tools Pottery Weapons

  3. Paleolithic Age “Old Stone Age” 2,500,000 - 8,000 B.C.

  4. The Peopling of the World, Prehistory–2500 B.C. Time Line 8000 B.C.Neolithic Age begins; first agriculture takes place. 4,000,000 B.C.First hominids appear in Africa. 2600 B.C.City of Ur flourishes in Sumer. 1,600,000 B.C.Homo erectus appears. 4,000,000 B.C. 2500 B.C. 3000 B.C.Bronze Age begins in Mesopotamia. 40,000 B.C.Cro-Magnons appear. 2,500,000 B.C.Paleolithic Age begins.

  5. Time References B.C. Before Christ was Born 1st Century A.D. Years 0-99 A.D. (Anno Domini) After the Birth of Christ Modern Reference B.C.E. Before Common Era A.C.E. After Common Era

  6. Australopithecine Africa 4 Million to 1 million B.C. 1stUpright Walker

  7. Homo Habilis 2.5 million-1.5 million B.C. 1stToolmaker

  8. Homo Erectus 1.6 million-30,000 B.C. Migrated out of Africa

  9. Homo Sapiens Modern Man (“Wise Man”) Africa 200,000 B.C.

  10. Homo SapienNeanderthal

  11. Domestication of Animals • Diseases

  12. “New Stone Age” • Neolithic Revolution (8,000 - 3,000 B.C.E.) • Agriculture • Growing of Crops • Grain • Rice • Domestication of Animals

  13. Mesopotamia – SW Asia Egypt – N. Africa India – S. Asia China – E. Asia Mexico – N. America Andes Mts. – S. America

  14. Cultural Hearth Achievements • Mesopotamia, Mesoamerica, the Indus River Valley and the Yellow River Valley • Social Stratification • Irrigation Systems • Architectural Monuments • Staple Crops • Grain • Rice • Population Increase • Agriculture Surplus • Economic Specialization • Water Resources

  15. Mesopotamia “Land Between The Rivers” Alluvial Plain Fertile Crescent Earliest Transition Agriculture Early Civilizations Sumeria Babylon Assyria

  16. Sumeria Ur 1st Civilization

  17. Complex Institutions: Government - Theocracy (Priest Kings) Religion - Ziggurat temples

  18. Record Keeping Cuneiform

  19. Bronze Age (3000-1200 B.C.E.) • Durable Tools & Weapons • Copper • Tin

  20. Epic of Gilgamesh Wise King Part God • Variety of Important Gods

  21. Gudea of Lagash (2141-2122 B.C.E) • Prosperity • City-State • Urban Center • Hinter Lands • Lugal • Sumerian Ruler

  22. Standard of Ur (2700 B.C.E.)

  23. Stratification of Society • Free Landowning Class • Scribes • Dependent Farmers / Artisans • Slaves

  24. Women’s Roles • Patriarchal • Caregiver Role • More Children • Political Role • Own Property • Islamic Tradition • Valued as Gatherers • Loss of Prestige

  25. Religion • Variety of Important Gods • Sumerian & Semitic • Embodied The Forces of Nature • State-Organized Religion • Hereditary Priesthood • Ziggurat

  26. Akkadians (2340 B.C.E.) • Conquered Sumerians • King Sargon • 1st Emperor

  27. “Old Babylon” • Hammurabi(1792-1750 B.C.) • King of Babylon • Law Code • Sentencing Guidelines • An “Eye For An Eye”

  28. Hammurabi (ca. 1792-1750 B.C.E.)

  29. Egypt • King Menes • 3100 B.C.E. • Three Eras • The Old Kingdom • The Middle Kingdom • The New Kingdom

  30. Egyptian Life • Agriculture • Lake Faiyum Depression • Construction of Canals • Irrigation • Nilometers

  31. Advanced Cities • Cairo • Giza • Thebes

  32. Luxor

  33. Establishment Memphis • Old Kingdom Thebes • Middle Kingdom Central Administration • Provincial / Village Bureaucracies • Collected Taxes (50%) • Trade Control