160 likes | 221 Vues
Module 5. Negation. Avoid excessive negation. You should have no more than two negatives in a sentence. X Don’t fail to miss the show! Don’t fail to see the show! Don’t miss the show!. 2. When a negative word is added to a statement that is already negative, a double negative results.
E N D
Avoid excessive negation. You should have no more than two negatives in a sentence. • X Don’t failto miss the show! • Don’t fail to see the show! • Don’t miss the show!
2. When a negative word is added to a statement that is already negative, a double negative results. X The warehouse doesn’t have no surplus stock at this time. The warehouse has no surplus stock at this time.
X The cash on hand won’t barely cover this expense. The cash on hand will barely cover this expense. The cash on hand won’t cover this expense.
3. Don’t combine negatives with the adverbs hardly and scarcely. • X I couldn’thardly do it. • I could hardly do it. • X The car scarcely needs no oil. • The car scarcely needs oil. • X You barely have no time left. • You barely have any time left. • You don’t have any time left.
Negations Quiz Correct the error in each sentence. 1.I could not hardly believe my eyes as I saw the Twin Towers in flames. 2.I could not hardly get up in the morning after a heavy drinking session. 3.I hardly had no enough time to eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea in the lunch break.
4.I hadn’t barely enough money to pay for the petrol at the station. 5.I could not scarcely expect the attendant to let me pay him another time when I drive through. 6.He said he had not scarcely put a foot in the park when the robbers jumped on him.
7.He then laughed because the robbers hadn’t hardly any clothing on themselves. 8.Don’t fail to miss the coronation on Monday night. 9.They don’t have no extra jackets for the new scouts. 10.We didn’t do nothing to him.
1. Yes/No questions are questions that require a yes or no answer. They are formed by putting an auxiliary verb at the beginning of the sentence. Examples: Affirmative: The economy will improve next year. Interrogative: Will the economy improve next year?
Affirmative: The police had already left by the time the reporter arrived. Interrogative: Had the police already left by the time the reporter arrived? Affirmative: We should tell him the truth. Interrogative: Should we tell him the truth?
2. If the affirmative sentence does not have an auxiliary verb, then we add DO, DOES, or DID at the beginning of a sentence. The main verb should be in the simple form. Examples: Affirmative: Maria speaks seven languages. Interrogative: Does Maria speak seven languages?
Affirmative: Donna and Betty teach English. Interrogative: Do Donna and Betty teach English? Affirmative: The class went on a field trip last week. Interrogative: Did the class go on a field trip last week?
3. Questions with there be (there is, there are, etc.) move the verb be (or the auxiliary used with be) to the beginning of a sentence. Examples: There was a fire at the mall yesterday. Was there a fire at the mall yesterday? There have been a lot of fires this year? Have there been a lot of fires this year? There are apples in the basket. Are there apples in the basket?
Yes/No Questions Quiz Change the following sentences into Yes/No questions. 1. He studied for the English quiz. 2. There is a restaurant nearby. 3. He was a mechanic in his own country. 4. There were shoes for the children. 5. They have locked the door. 6. We should do it tonight. 7. Your teacher gives too much homework. 8. The grandparents love their grandchildren. 9. There is some bread on the plate. 10. He cooked the rice too long. 11. It makes me very uncomfortable. 12. Everyone had a great time at the party.