1 / 40

Chapter 7 Life in the New Nation Chapter 8 Growth of a national Economy

Chapter 7 Life in the New Nation Chapter 8 Growth of a national Economy. With independence from G.B., Americans gained the right to determine their own destiny. American Scholars and Artists. Mercy Otis Warren Hosted political meeting in her Plymouth home

Télécharger la présentation

Chapter 7 Life in the New Nation Chapter 8 Growth of a national Economy

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. Content is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use only. Download presentation by click this link. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server. During download, if you can't get a presentation, the file might be deleted by the publisher.


Presentation Transcript

  1. Chapter 7 Life in the New NationChapter 8 Growth of a national Economy

  2. With independence from G.B., Americans gained the right to determine their own destiny.

  3. American Scholars and Artists • Mercy Otis Warren • Hosted political meeting in her Plymouth home • Wrote several plays encouraging independence • Encouraged other women to take up scholarly interests

  4. Benjamin Rush • Doctor, Scientist, & Revolutionary • Signed the Declaration of Independence • represented PA in the Continental Congress • Study and teachings of medicine in Philadelphia.

  5. Benjamin Banneker • Writer, inventor, mathematician, & astronomer • Published first almanac

  6. Charles Willson Peale • Skilled artist, soldier, PA representative, scientist, & inventor

  7. Phillis Wheatley • Enslaved as a child but was taught to read & write • Published poet

  8. Republican Virtues • Self reliance, hard work, frugality, harmony, & sacrificing individual needs for the good of the community • Looked for women to set the standards • Could teach these qualities to men • Schools started educating females to support the Republicans

  9. Social Changes • 1780- population 2.7 million • 1830- population 12 million in 24 states • About 90% came from births • Average family had 5 kids • Declined to 3 by 1870 • High infant mortality rate • 130 of every 1,000 births • Median age was 17 in 1820

  10. Women preferred a long period of getting acquainted with suitors before they committed to marry • Courtship • Used by women to get to know a potential partner & to negotiate the terms of their future life together

  11. For most women getting married was a matter of survival

  12. Religious renewal • Church membership declining in the 1790’s. States started cutting support • The Second Great Awakening • Began in KY & TN & attracted a large number of people

  13. New Denominations • Baptists • Named for their beliefs about baptism • Only those who are old enough to understand Christian beliefs should be baptized • Baptism by dunking people completely under water

  14. Methodists • Grew out of the beliefs of British Minister John Wesley • Attracted followers because • Focuses on the person’s relationship with God • Preachers were common folk • Spread their message through a system of traveling ministers called circuit riders • Held frequent & exciting camp meetings

  15. Unitarians • believed that Jesus was a human messenger of God but not divine himself • God is a loving father, not a stern judge

  16. Mormons • Book of Mormon by Joseph Smith • Foretold that God would soon restore a truer, simpler church, free of ministers • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  17. Millennialists • William Miller determined that Jesus would return to the world • March 1843 • Called the Advent or the Second Coming • Preached that only the people who knew of the Advent ahead of time & believed in it would be saved & go to heaven • Followers were called Millerites or Adventists • Number between 50,000 & 100,000

  18. Crossing the Appalachians • U.S. need room to expand the trans-Appalachia area is where Americans settled in early 1800’s.

  19. Several main roads west • From Northeast- Mohawk trail into west NY • From Philadelphia- Forber’s Road to Pittsburgh & then voyage west on the Ohio River • From Baltimore- went to Pittsburgh on Braddocks Road • From Mid- Atlantic States- Cumberland Road or National Road • From South- Great Valley Road or Richmond Road

  20. Daniel Boone • Employed to cut Wilderness Rd through the Cumberland Gap • 1792- 75,000 pioneers settled in Kentucky • Became the 15th state

  21. Settling the Wilderness • Diverse people settled in trans Appalachian • Young energetic generation crossed.

  22. Expanding into Florida • Americans already occupied Florida. • Spain saw little hope of keeping Florida and decided to get whatever it could in exchange for land. • Spain & the US agreed to control the Natives living within their borders & to prevent them from attacking each other’s territories

  23. Gold Rush • January 1848- gold was discovered • August- 4,000 gold crazed prospectors swarmed the land • Mostly unmarried men • 10% were Chinese • Impact on California • Bad for Natives • Made them slaves in their mines

  24. Brought commercial prosperity to cities along the Pacific Coast • Mining towns usually had short lives • Ghost towns • Number 1 important in attracting settlers to the West- Gold Strike of Sutter Mill

  25. The Great Plains & The South West • Plains Indians • Nomadic • Hunted bison • The Impact of the horse • Natives acquired them through trade & raids on Spanish settlements • Changed most about Native life

  26. Nature of warfare & the division of labor • Some groups didn’t change their ways, while for others the horse completely changed their way of living

  27. The Decline of Villages • Some nomadic groups developed into warrior cultures • Comanche drove the Apache & Navajo into Spanish New Mexico • Controlled the southern plains • Agricultural natives suffered because they were caught between settlers & nomadic groups

  28. Texas fights for Independence • Stephen Austin received permission from the Mexican government to fund a colony for hundred’s of families & east Texas • By 1825 1,800 people moved there

  29. Found fertile land for growing cotton • Mexican policy promised cheap land, protection of the Mexican government & a multiyear tax break if they settled in Mexico • 1830 Americans outnumbered the Mexicans • Government worried that they were losing Texas through immigration • Passed a law prohibiting further American settlement & outlawed the importation of slaves

  30. By 1835 30,000 Americans lived in Texas • Demanded more political control • 1833- Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna took power in Mexico (made himself dictator) • More demand for self government

  31. October 1835 start of the War for Independence • Sam Houston was named Commander in Chief • Santa Anna led an army to put down the rebels

  32. Battle of the Alamo • Less than 200 Texans prepared to resist Santa Anna • Lasted 13 days • Texans inflicted heavy casualties on 4,000 Mexicans

  33. Morning March 6th, Mexican soldiers forced their way inside • Ordered to take no prisoners • 180 Texans dead • March 2, 1836 Rebels declared TX independent

  34. By the end of the month, seemed it was going to fall • Santa Anna divided his force to finish off the rebels • April 21st the rebels surprised Santa Anna • Rally cries of “Remember the Alamo”

  35. Captured Santa Anna • Forced him to sign the Treaty of Velasco & recognized the republic of Texas • Later renounced the Treaty but didn’t try to retake Texas • Elected Sam Houston President

More Related