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Growth of a New Nation

Growth of a New Nation

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Growth of a New Nation

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  1. Growth of a New Nation Chapters 6 through 10 Washington Jefferson

  2. Age of Washington • No Political Parties • Set many Precedents • New Departments • Cabinet • Whiskey Rebellion

  3. $$ US in Debt $$ • Alexander Hamilton • Establish Credibility, Cater to Rich • Hamilton’s Financial Plan • Tariffs, Excise Tax, Bonds • Consolidate State Debts • Deal: Financial Plan for Capitol

  4. National Bank • Strict Interpretation • Jefferson, Madison • Loose Interpretation • Hamilton • “elastic clause” ... necessary and proper

  5. Political Parties • Federalists • Hamilton...Upperclass, Bank, Loose Interpretation • Democratic-Republicans • Jefferson & Madison... Common Person, NO Bank, Strict Interpretation

  6. President Adams • Election of 1796 • XYZ Affair • Result…Military & taxes • Alien & Sedition Acts

  7. Election of 1800 • Fed: Adams Rep: Jefferson • Results ... House of Representatives • Key Man ... ???? • Got Milk?? Who shot A. H.?

  8. Age of Jefferson • Style & Accomplishments • Supreme Court Gains Power • Judiciary Act of 1801 • “Midnight Judges” • Marbury v. Madison 1803 • John Marshall’s Stamp

  9. Problems with England • Blockade and Impressment • Chesapeake Affair 1807 • Jefferson ... Embargo Act of 1807 • Madison ... Non-Intercourse Act • War Hawks • Battle of Tippecanoe 1811

  10. War of 1812 • Battle of York • Battle of Washington DC • Battle of Fort McHenry • Treaty of Ghent • Battle of New Orleans • Andrew Jackson

  11. Consequence: RESPECT

  12. Expansion: Louisiana Territory

  13. Westward Expansion • Louisiana Purchase • Spain / France / US • $15 Million • Jefferson - “Strict Interpretation” • Elastic Clause • Lewis and Clark

  14. Spirit of Nationalism • Foreign Policy • Florida & Monroe Doctrine • The American System • Erie Canal, National Road • Industrialization • Francis Lowell

  15. Western Frontier • 2nd Great Awakening • Revivals ... Emotion • “Splintering off” religions • South & West • Increase in Reforms

  16. Humanitarian Reforms • William Lloyd Garrison • Women’s Movement • Horace Mann • Sarah Bagley • Dorthea Dix • Frederick Douglass

  17. Election of 1824(all Republicans) • John Quincy Adams (Mass) • Andrew Jackson (Tenn) • Henry Clay (Ky) • William Crawford (Ga)

  18. Results of 1824 Jackson - “Plurality” Winner

  19. Lets Make a Deal • House Decides • Top 3 ... Clay out • Crawford - Stroke • The Winner is ...???

  20. Party Split • Jackson’s Followers -- Democratic Republicans ... Democrats • Adams/Clay Followers -- National Republicans ... later Whigs • Election of 1828

  21. The Age of Jackson • “Old Hickory” • Hated: Rich, Bank, Indians • Spoils System • Kitchen Cabinet

  22. Jackson and Indians • Indian Removal Act 1830 • Cherokee Nation (Ga) • Worcester v. Georgia • John Marshall • “Trail of Tears”

  23. President Jackson • Tariff Issue • Doctrine of Nullification - S.C. • Bank Issue • Nicholas Biddle • Jackson Veto increases Power

  24. Manifest Destiny - Texas • Texas and Independence • Stephen Austin v. Santa Anna • “Remember the Alamo” • Sam Houston at San Jacinto • Lonestar Republic

  25. Mexican - American War1846-48 • Polk’s Offer • General Z. Taylor • War Message • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo