VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

va studies jamestown and cultural landscapes n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes

play fullscreen
1 / 83
VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes
273 Views
Download Presentation
Download Presentation

VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. VA Studies: Jamestown and Cultural Landscapes Powerpoint created by Carrie Reed Facts from the VA Pacing Guide

  2. Why did England want to establish an American colony?

  3. England wanted to establish an American colony to increase its wealth and power.

  4. What two things did England hope to find in North America?

  5. Great Britain hoped to find silver and gold in North America.

  6. What would an American colony furnish for England?

  7. An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England, while opening new markets for trade.

  8. Jamestown was primarily an ___________________.

  9. Jamestown was primarily an economic venture.

  10. Who financed the Jamestown settlement?

  11. The stockholders of the Virginia Companyof Londonfinanced the settlement of Jamestown.

  12. What and When was the first permanent English settlement established in North America?

  13. Jamestown became the first permanent English settlement in North America in 1607.

  14. Contrast the geography of the Jamestown settlement then with the settlement now.

  15. When the settlers arrived in 1607, Jamestown was located on a peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River. Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River.

  16. What instructions did the settlers receive from England regarding location?

  17. Instructions told the settlers to go inland and find a suitable place for their colony.

  18. What were three major reasons for picking their location?

  19. The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish). The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock. They believed they had a good supply of fresh water.

  20. What two rights did the King of England grant the Virginia Company of London?

  21. The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London to: • Establish a settlement in North America, and • Extend English rights to settlers

  22. What was the governing body established in 1619 and what were its parts?

  23. In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the General Assembly. The General Assembly consisted of two representatives (burgesses) from each of the divisions of Virginia, along with the governor’s council, and the governor. They met as one legislative body.

  24. In the 1640s, the burgesses separated into a separate body called what?

  25. By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the House of Burgesses.

  26. Why was the House of Burgesses important?

  27. The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in English America, giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government.

  28. Do we still have the General Assembly?

  29. Yes, the current Virginia General Assembly dates from the establishment of the House of Burgesses at Jamestown of 1619.

  30. Who arrived in 1620 and what was their importance?

  31. The arrival of additional women in 1620 made it possible for more settlers to establish families and a permanent settlement at Jamestown.

  32. Who arrived against their will in 1619?

  33. Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will in 1619.

  34. How did the early African men and women arrive and what was their status?

  35. Portuguese sailors captured African men and women from what is present-day Angola. The status of these early African men and women as either servants or slaves in Virginia is unknown.

  36. What was the importance of the arrival of Africans?

  37. The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.

  38. What were the hardships for settlers at Jamestown?

  39. The Jamestown settlers chose to live on a site that was marshy and lacked safe drinking water. The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves. Many settlers died of starvation and disease.

  40. What are four reasons why the colony survived?

  41. The arrival of supply ships, the forced work program,strong leadership of Captain John Smith, and the emphasis on agriculture resulted in the survival of the colony.

  42. Who initiated trading relationships with the native peoples?

  43. Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with the native peoples.

  44. How did Chief Powhatan help the settlers at Jamestown?

  45. Chief Powhatan provided leadership skills to his people and taught the settlers survival skills.

  46. How did Pocahontas help the settlers at Jamestown?

  47. Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan, served as a contact between the native peoples and the English.

  48. How did the native peoples in general help the settlers at Jamestown?

  49. The native peoples showed the settlers how to plant corn and tobacco.

  50. Why did relationships change between the native peoples and the settlers?