Adrenaline By: Andrea Figueroa Camila Velez Marcel De la Cruz Francisco Gonzalez
Facts about the hormone • Adrenaline is produced in the adrenal glands during high stress or excitement. • This hormone is part of the stress response system in the human body. • The adrenal glands are located in the human body directly above the kidneys. • The adrenal glands release the adrenaline and noradrenaline that helps a human being confront danger while the adrenaline itself releases glucose.
How Adrenaline functions • Adrenaline stimulates the heart rate, contracting blood vessels, and dilating air passages. • All those functions help increase blood flow to the muscles and oxygen to the lungs. • Adrenaline is essential for maintaining cardiovascular homeostasis by its ability to redirect blood to tissues under stress.
Cause and Symptoms • Lightheaded, dizziness, changes in vision for up to an hour depending on the situation. • Tumors can develop in the adrenal gland and over produce adrenal hormones. • Enlargements of areas in the adrenal gland has a possibility of stimulating hypersecretion. • Adrenaline raises your heart rate, dilate pupils, slow down digestion, and may allow muscles to contract.
Diseases that can occur • Hypersecretion causes Cushing’s Syndrome. • Hyperaldosteronism is the result of aldosterone over-production by the adrenal glands. • Pheochromocytoma is associated with excessive production of catecholamines also by the adrenal glands. • Virilization happens when the adrenal glands produce high amounts of androgens.
Treatments • Supplements inject ions that are able to go against the activation of adrenaline.
Is adrenaline used clinical or commercially? • Adrenaline helps you function when your nerves are taking over. • It helps you when you are in pain or injured. • Adrenaline is used in a clinical way.
Sources Cited • http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-adrenaline.htm • http://www.udel.edu/chem/C465/senior/fall00/Performance1/epinephrine.htm.html • http://www.livestrong.com/article/257072-hypersecretory-adrenal-disease/ • https://www.neurorelief.com/uploads/content_files/OLSON_final-020712.pdf