Teenagers and Dating Chapter 6, Section 2
Courtship and dating • Interaction between men and women prior to the rise of dating is known as courtship. • Its express purpose is marriage. • The process is a continuum– it steadily progresses, and can stop at any time. • Courtship has not always been this flexible. • It was not as ‘casual’ as dating is today. • Roles were strictly defined. • Main purpose: FIND A SPOUSE!!!
The Emergence of Dating • Dating emerged due to the following factors: • Industrial Revolution—People moved from the farms to the cities where young adults could gain more economic freedom and establish their own homes. As a result, parental control over young adults and courtship decreased. • Public Education—By the 1900s, most secondary school students attended coeducational public schools which increased interaction between boys and girls.
The Emergence of Dating • Automobile—Young adults had more freedom of movement without their parents. • Telephone—Young adults could more easily talk to members of the opposite sex. • Equality of Women—More women entered the workforce and took on active community roles, which increased the interaction between single adult men and women.
Role of homogamy • In dating, as in other institutions, homogamy plays a large role. • Homogamy= tendency of individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similar to their own. • Where can this *idea* of homogamy also be seen in society?
So… why date? • Serves several important functions in adolescence. • Serves as a form of entertainment • Is a means of socialization that teaches people about the opposite sex and social situations • Helps teach role behaviors and define self-concepts • Fills psychological needs such as companionship • Helps individuals attain status, as people are judged in part by whom they date • Aids in spouse selection
Willard Waller’s Study • In the 1920s/1930s, Willard Waller conducted a study of students on the campus of Penn State University. • He found that for most of them, dating was mainly a form of entertainment and for social status. • Most of the ‘dating’ was within the individuals who were in fraternities and sororities.
Dating Patterns: Traditional • Traditional Dating Patters • Man is responsible for arranging the date. • Rules of conduct were well-defined, and there was a pressure to conform. • In the early stages of dating, there were certain set activities in order to lessen stress. • As it progressed to ‘steady dating’ there was generally a visible sign of commitment. - Summarize!!!
Dating patterns- contemporary • Contemporary Dating Patterns • Ever since the 1960s, dating patterns have not been as formalized. • No set stages of dating. • Greater equality and flexibility. • Dating is based more on friendship and the group than on the couple. - Summarize!!!
Problems that Arise from Contemporary Dating Patterns • Teenage Sexual Behavior • Teenage Drug Use • Teenage Suicide