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Chapter 3

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Chapter 3

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  1. Chapter 3 Federalism

  2. 1) What is the “necessary and proper” clause?

  3. 1) What is the “necessary and proper” clause? Allows for implied powers to fulfill the enumerated powers in the Constitution

  4. 2) What are enumerated powers?

  5. 2) What are enumerated powers? A listing of 17 specific powers given the federal government as outlined in the Constitution

  6. 3) What is does a federal system of government mean?

  7. 3) What is does a federal system of government mean? It means authority for governing is divided between a national government and state governments

  8. a) ReviewA government that is restricted to strict limits on its use of power and therefore, it’s ability to restrict its citizen’s rights is called….

  9. a) ReviewA government that is restricted to strict limits on its use of power and therefore, it’s ability to restrict its citizen’s rights is called…. Constitutionalism

  10. 4) When state and federal laws conflict, what is used to determine who wins?

  11. 4) When state and federal laws conflict, what is used to determine who wins? The Supremacy clause in the Constitution

  12. 5) The system of federalism provides the federal and state governments what?

  13. 5) The system of federalism provides the federal and state governments what? Supremacy in decision making, otherwise known as sovereignty

  14. 6) Where do we find the powers guaranteed to the states?

  15. 6) Where do we find the powers guaranteed to the states? The Tenth Amendment

  16. 7) What is a government called when all power resides in the central government?

  17. 7) What is a government called when all power resides in the central government? A Unitary system of government

  18. 8) What are reserved powers?

  19. 8) What are reserved powers? Powers not specified in the Constitution that are reserved to the States via the Tenth Amendment

  20. 9) What does the Ninth Amendment do?

  21. 9) What does the Ninth Amendment do? Says that just because a power isn’t specified in the Constitution, doesn’t mean it doesn’t exist.

  22. b) ReviewThe belief that people are the ultimate source of governing authority is called…

  23. b) ReviewThe belief that people are the ultimate source of governing authority is called… Self-government

  24. 10) Enumerated Powers are those powers given to???

  25. 10) Enumerated Powers are those powers given to??? The Federal Government

  26. 11) What are concurrent powers?

  27. 11) What are concurrent powers? Powers that both the federal and state governments can do

  28. 12) Examples of Concurrent Powers would be…

  29. 12) Examples of Concurrent Powers would be… Raise taxes, build roads, develop a police force, borrowing money, chartering banks, establishing courts

  30. c) ReviewThe Virginia and New Jersey plans introduced at the Constitutional Convention differed mainly over…

  31. c) ReviewThe Virginia and New Jersey plans introduced at the Constitutional Convention differed mainly over… Representation in Congress - population or each state gets one vote

  32. 13) What are Executive Orders?

  33. 13) What are Executive Orders? Orders issued by the President, that affect federal agencies and cabinet departments, becomes part of our Supreme Law of the Land

  34. 14) McCulloch v Maryland ruled what???

  35. 14) McCulloch v Maryland ruled what??? The implied powers allowed Congress to set up a national bank, and states could not tax the a federal institution – conversely, Congress could not tax a state institution.

  36. 15) Gibbons v. Ogden did what?

  37. 15) Gibbons v. Ogden did what? That the federal government could regulate interstate commerce (New York could not give a monopoly to a company that traveled between NY and NJ.)

  38. 16) The concept of federalism, as considered in 1787, was important because it was meant to do what?

  39. 16) The concept of federalism, as considered in 1787, was important because it was meant to do what? It allowed for strong state and local governments.

  40. 17) The idea that “government is best which governs least” is illustrated in this document, but also shown maybe that’s not the best idea on the plant.

  41. 17) The idea that “government is best which governs least” is illustrated in this document, but also shown maybe that’s not the best idea on the plant. The Articles of Confederation

  42. d) ReviewThe ability of persons to influence governmental policy is called…

  43. d) ReviewThe ability of persons to influence governmental policy is called… Power

  44. 18) When did the federal government really, really, really expand in power & authority?

  45. 18) When did the federal government really, really, really expand in power & authority? During the Great Depression

  46. 19) What does the full-faith and credit clause guarantee?

  47. 19) What does the full-faith and credit clause guarantee? The each state honors the agreements each state makes with its citizens, or reciprocates agreements with citizens

  48. 20) Is the Tenth Amendment valid for today? (or is it obsolete, like the Third Amendment?)

  49. 20) Is the Tenth Amendment valid for today? (or is it obsolete, like the Third Amendment?) As long as the Federal government attempts to do more than it is allowed, the Tenth Amendment will live on!

  50. 21) Who was it that said a small republic and not a federal system is most likely to respect the rights of the people is serves?