Implementation of a Sustainable Data Collection Programme for the Measurement of Living Standards in the OECS (SDP) OECS SECRETARIAT
Measuring progress in the accomplishment of the Union´s objectives • Comparable data across Member States that allows for evidence-based policy making • Improving the quality of other related indicators, such as the GDP which uses estimates of household consumption as one of its elements, or the consumer price index –derived from household consumption data- used for estimating inflation rates. • Capitalizing economies of scale that are absent when individual country data generation is pursued Justification for a regional approach
Data availability OECS are characterized by having much lower frequency in the generation of data on living conditions, with the most recent data set held about 5 years ago. There are countries with no data available from this type of sources – (i.e. Anguilla and The British Virgin Islands). Antigua & Barbuda the search reveals that no Labour Force Survey have been conducted.
The SLC/HBS • Demographics • Economic activity • Education profile • Health status • Housing • Crime and security for household members; • Income, with an breakdown by sources; • Expenditures with detail by type of product, consumer, prices, and frequency of consumption; • Migration of household members, accounting for historical patterns
Assessing/Measuring Poverty • Standard practice: household per capita income/consumption • The Poverty Assessments performed thus far have followed best practices in poverty measurement and provide solid data bases which allow for a detailed socioeconomic characterization of the population of the region, as well as for obtaining solid poverty estimates due to the detailed account of household consumption.
Sustainable Household Data Collection Programme for the Measurement of Living Standards (SDP) Apart from addressing the issue of low frequency and improvement of data quality on living standards in the region, the SDP is a strategic initiative, that will: • Monitor poverty on an annual basis • Generate data that will feed into the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) systemof the OECS Union • Allow for evidence-based policy making at the national and regional level to produce international comparisons across Member States • Improve the quality of other related indicators in the entire region. For instance, GDP uses estimates of household consumption as one of its elements, or the consumer price index (CPI) • Allow for capitalizing the economies of scale inherent in a regional effort for collecting data, as opposed to individual country-efforts. • Enhance technological progress for data collection and processing by fostering the use of Computer Assisted Personal Interview (CAPI) devices.
Consultative Approach • During the preparation of the Concept Note the inputs, suggestions and comments of participants from Member States’ CSOs and Line Ministries were solicited and incorporated in the final Concept Note
Proposal (following the 4th OECS LSMC Meeting • Every ten years: LSMS + HBS + Full CPA (2015-2017) • Every five years: LFS + extra questions + extra dimensions + consumption/food security (Light CPA/Survey of Living Conditions/LSMS) • Every two-three years: LFS + extra questions + shortened consumption modules (poverty line would not be computed but would be upgraded. Same line for 10 years, just update when you have your welfare aggregate to calculate count) • Every year: LFS + extra questions • Use Grenada’s Questionnaire plus the education module from Saint Lucia
Critical elements • Financing – Ongoing discussions with development partners, CBD, DFID, etc. • Coordination (OECS Living Standard Measurement Committee (LSMC) as the main coordinating entity with support from the OECS Secretariat, UNDP, CDB, UNICEF, ILO, World Bank, UNWOMEN)