規則型 1.直接在字尾加ed :learn--learned 2.動詞字尾有e者，只加d: close--closed 3.動詞字尾有“子音+y”者，去y，加ied:study--studied 4.動詞字尾有“母音+y”者，直接加ed: play--played 過去式動詞的形成
不規則型 • go--went • come--came • buy--bought • bring--brought
明確的過去時間副詞 • 關鍵字 • a year ago (一年前） • last night（昨天晚上） • the day before yesterday（前天） • long ago = a long time ago（很久以前） • the other day = a few days ago（幾天前） • just now （剛才）
Examples: 1. Ted was at home yesterday. is 的過去式 過去時間 2. They went to a baseball game last Sunday. go的過去式 過去時間 3.During last winter vacation, David took a trip to the U.S. ↗ ↗ 過去時間 take 的過去式
Practice 1. She________( go ) to the party last night. 2. My father _______(come) home just now. 3. Columbus ________ ( discover ) America in 1492. 4. She ________ ( leave ) just now. 5. I _______ ( see ) her the other day. 6. I _________( meet ) her ten minutes ago. 7. It has been ten years since I _______ (move) here. 8. I __________ (make ) it a rule to exercise for an hour in the morning. The Answers:
Answers: 1. Shewentto the party last night. 2. My father came home just now. 3. Columbus discovered America in 1492. 4. She left just now. 5. I saw her the other day. 6. I met her ten minutes ago. 7. It has been ten years since I moved here. 8. I madeit a rule to exercise for an hour in the morning.
過去一連續的動作Ved….,Ved….,Ved Ex: I cleaned my house and washed the dishes. 過去的狀態與時空（現在已不復存在）When…Ved…,…Ved. Ex: When I went out yesterday, it rained. 過去式的用法
過去的習慣(現在已不復如此） used to….. Ex:I used to take the bus home. • 過去曾經有過 There used to be….. Ex: There used to be a park here. • 自從….以來 It is + 一段時間 + since +….Ved Ex: It has been ten years since I moved here.
Short Story: (underline the past tense and the past time) Once upon a time, a young woman named Cinderella lived with her stepmother and two stepsisters. They were very cruel to her and made her do all the work. One day the king announced,”Every young woman must attend the royal ball,” “Oh, Cinderella, you must help us get ready to go,” said her stepsisters. Soon they left without her. But Cinderella’s fairy godmother came to her rescue.
Q:Suppose you were the fairy godmother, what would you do to help Cinderella? • (use the past tense to finish the story) • wave the magic wand • change something into another • dance with somebody • look for somebody/something • marry the prince • live happily ever after • the end