From Nomads to agriculturists Standard 1.1 E.Q. How did Agriculture beginning?
Early Advances in Technology • Tens of Thousands of years, men and women of the Old stone Age were nomads. • Nomads: Mobile people who moved from place to place foraging, or searching, for new resources of food.
Hunter – Gathering • Hunter – Gatherers: • Nomadic groups whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods. • Hunters crafted special spears for killing of games at greater distance. • Digging sticks helped gatherers pry plants loose at the roots. • Used stone, bone, and wood to fashion tools. • Examples include knives to kill and butcher game, fish hooks and harpoons to catch fish.
Before Agriculture • Humans survived by hunting game and gathering edible plants. • Lived in bands of 25 to 70 people. • Men did most of the hunting while women gathered fruits, berries, roots, and grasses.
Neolithic Revolution • Also known as Agricultural Revolution, the far reaching changes in human life resulting from the beginning of farming.
Causes of the Agricultural Revolution • Change in climate was probably a key reason. • Rising temperatures worldwide provided longer growing seasons and drier land for cultivating wild grasses. • A rich supply of grain helped support a small population boom. • Population slowly rose, hunter – gathers felt pressure to find a new food sources. • Farming provided a steady source of food.