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Chapter 11 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

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  1. Chapter 11 Section 1- Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles

  2. QOTD • How did the economies of the North and South differ?

  3. Union Advantages • Population • Industry supported war • Coal and iron mines • West- gold and silver

  4. Union Advantages • Union had factories to produce ammo, guns, uniforms, med supplies, RR cars • Move troops and material on RR

  5. Union Advantages • Navy- 250 warships plus more under construction • South had no navy, vulnerable to blockade • Est. gov’t with good leaders

  6. Confederate Advantages • Fight for survival • Believe in the cause • “The War of Northern Aggression”

  7. Confederate Advantages • Strong leaders- Robert E. Lee • Did not need to conquer the North • Home field advantage/ defensive war

  8. Confederate Advantages • The North had to defend D.C. • Only the Potomac River separated Confederacy from the US capital

  9. Confederate Strategies • Preserve small army • Erode the Union will to fight • Win recognition from France and GB

  10. Confederate Strategies • Trade with GB and France • South needs textiles • GB and Fr. need cotton • Confederates want military aid from GB and France

  11. Union Strategies • Gen. Winfield Scott • Anaconda Plan- blockade Southern ports to starve South of income and supplies • Drive south along MS River

  12. Union Advantages • Union control of MS would split the Confederacy in 2

  13. QOTD • What is a border state?

  14. Lincoln Avoids the Slavery Issue • Border states- allow slavery but have not joined the Confederacy. • Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland • Union wants to prevent their secession

  15. Lincoln Avoids the Slavery Issue • Felt he had no right to free the slaves, nor did he want to • Only goal: save the Union • Outcome: kept border states loyal to Union

  16. Bull Run/Manassas • July 1861- battle outside D.C. • 2 armies met at a creek called Bull Run • Stonewall Jackson makes a stand against the Union

  17. Bull Run/ Manassas • South wins, Union retreats • War would not be quick • Lincoln calls for more troops and places George McClellan in charge

  18. U.S. Grant and Tennessee • Feb. 1862- MS valley part of the Anaconda Plan • Captures Ft. Henry and Donelson • Boost Northern morale • Drove Confederates from western KY and TN

  19. Shiloh • April 1862- SW Tenn. • 2 day battle • 25,000 Confederate and Union soldiers wounded or dead • Damaged Grant’s rep

  20. The Union captures New Orleans • David Farragut captures New Orleans • Farragut and Grant attempt to capture Vicksburg, MS • Both are stopped by Confederates

  21. Fighting in the Southwest • 1862- Confederates march up Rio Grande to force Union out of SW • Defeated at Glorieta Pass • Confederate supply chain destroyed

  22. Naval Warfare • March 9, 1862- Monitor battles against the Virginia

  23. Text Me • Who do you think has the edge in the Civil War so far?

  24. QOTD • How do you think that slaves in the North and South reacted to the Civil War?

  25. Fighting in the East • McClellan plans drive on Richmond (Confederate capital) • Lincoln wants him to act • Peninsular Campaign- sail across the Chesapeake, march on Richmond

  26. The Seven Days • June 26-July 2 • Union repelled by Lee’s forces • McClellan retreats to D.C.

  27. Second Battle of Bull Run • Lincoln replaces McClellan with Ambrose Burnside • Stonewall outmaneuvers Union • South crushes North • Lincoln reinstates McClellan