Chapter 11 Section 1- Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles
QOTD • How did the economies of the North and South differ?
Union Advantages • Population • Industry supported war • Coal and iron mines • West- gold and silver
Union Advantages • Union had factories to produce ammo, guns, uniforms, med supplies, RR cars • Move troops and material on RR
Union Advantages • Navy- 250 warships plus more under construction • South had no navy, vulnerable to blockade • Est. gov’t with good leaders
Confederate Advantages • Fight for survival • Believe in the cause • “The War of Northern Aggression”
Confederate Advantages • Strong leaders- Robert E. Lee • Did not need to conquer the North • Home field advantage/ defensive war
Confederate Advantages • The North had to defend D.C. • Only the Potomac River separated Confederacy from the US capital
Confederate Strategies • Preserve small army • Erode the Union will to fight • Win recognition from France and GB
Confederate Strategies • Trade with GB and France • South needs textiles • GB and Fr. need cotton • Confederates want military aid from GB and France
Union Strategies • Gen. Winfield Scott • Anaconda Plan- blockade Southern ports to starve South of income and supplies • Drive south along MS River
Union Advantages • Union control of MS would split the Confederacy in 2
QOTD • What is a border state?
Lincoln Avoids the Slavery Issue • Border states- allow slavery but have not joined the Confederacy. • Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland • Union wants to prevent their secession
Lincoln Avoids the Slavery Issue • Felt he had no right to free the slaves, nor did he want to • Only goal: save the Union • Outcome: kept border states loyal to Union
Bull Run/Manassas • July 1861- battle outside D.C. • 2 armies met at a creek called Bull Run • Stonewall Jackson makes a stand against the Union
Bull Run/ Manassas • South wins, Union retreats • War would not be quick • Lincoln calls for more troops and places George McClellan in charge
U.S. Grant and Tennessee • Feb. 1862- MS valley part of the Anaconda Plan • Captures Ft. Henry and Donelson • Boost Northern morale • Drove Confederates from western KY and TN
Shiloh • April 1862- SW Tenn. • 2 day battle • 25,000 Confederate and Union soldiers wounded or dead • Damaged Grant’s rep
The Union captures New Orleans • David Farragut captures New Orleans • Farragut and Grant attempt to capture Vicksburg, MS • Both are stopped by Confederates
Fighting in the Southwest • 1862- Confederates march up Rio Grande to force Union out of SW • Defeated at Glorieta Pass • Confederate supply chain destroyed
Naval Warfare • March 9, 1862- Monitor battles against the Virginia
Text Me • Who do you think has the edge in the Civil War so far?
QOTD • How do you think that slaves in the North and South reacted to the Civil War?
Fighting in the East • McClellan plans drive on Richmond (Confederate capital) • Lincoln wants him to act • Peninsular Campaign- sail across the Chesapeake, march on Richmond
The Seven Days • June 26-July 2 • Union repelled by Lee’s forces • McClellan retreats to D.C.
Second Battle of Bull Run • Lincoln replaces McClellan with Ambrose Burnside • Stonewall outmaneuvers Union • South crushes North • Lincoln reinstates McClellan