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A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry and the CMBG PowerPoint Presentation
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A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry and the CMBG

A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry and the CMBG

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A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry and the CMBG

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  1. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry and the CMBG Presented By: Keith Reinsmith CMBG Steering Committee June 20, 2011Philadelphia, PA

  2. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Configuration Management in military and aerospace industry geared towards product conformance to facilitate interchangeability of parts while still satisfying the overall design requirements MIL-STD-973 (1992), ”Configuration Management” (later replaced by ANSI/EIA-649-1998)

  3. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry DOE STD 1073-93 “Configuration Management” Applicable to DOE nuclear facilities in the operational phase. DOE-STD-1073 was updated in 2003

  4. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Nuclear plants in mid 60’s to early 80’s were typically designed by AEs under contract Final design documents typically turned over to the utility at the end of construction Little knowledge transfer of design info to utility engineering organization Utilities struggled to deal with long term design maintenance and related document upkeep

  5. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Early indicators that the nuclear plant design basis knowledge was becoming disconnected from the physical plant IE Bulletin 79-14 uncovered calculation discrepancies undocumented modifications document discrepancies as-built problems

  6. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Salem ATWS event (1983) Generic implications identified in NUREG-1000 and NRC Generic Letter 83-28 compliance with vendor recommendations part and procurement issues vendor manual controls Industry initiatives by INPO, NUMARC and EPRI to provide guidance and consistency

  7. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Davis Besse Loss of Feedwater event (1985) Led to NRC Safety System Functional Inspections (SSFIs) and NUREG-1154 difficulties maintaining operational readiness of safety systems lack of understanding design bases Voluntary design basis reconstitution, DBDs created and self-evaluations performed NUREG-1397, NUMARC 90-012, INPO 87-006 and NUREG/CR-5147

  8. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Browns Ferry (1985) Browns Ferry fire in Unit 1 (1975) led to changes in NRC standards for Fire Protection All three Browns Ferry units shut down voluntarily in March 1985 due to CM related problems - containment isolation testing (Unit 1), reactor water level instrumentation (Unit 2) Unit 1 restarted in May 2007 after 22 year shutdown

  9. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry NRC specialized SSFIs for safety systems Electrical Systems (EDSFI) Service Water Systems (SWOPI) SECY-92-193: intent to issue generic letter to require utilities to address how they were dealing with the problems – letter withdrawn prior to issue

  10. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Nuclear Information and Records Management Association (NIRMA) CM Committee developed solution control of technical information by engineering and operations personnel mature records management and document control process PP02-1994 “Position Paper on Configuration Management Program”

  11. The Configuration Management Benchmarking Group is Born First Nuclear CM benchmarking conference hosted by PPL Susquehannain Fall 1994 Forum to exchange informationon CM processes and methodsat work in the industry 17 US utilities were represented Each utility made presentation about their CM program No motivational speeches No sales promotions by service providers

  12. The CMBG Idea Grows Interest from industry to hold another similar conference Second conference hosted byOntario Hydro in 1995 Drafted plans for continuing organization - approved in 1996 Adopted name: Configuration Management Benchmarking Group Formed a Steering Committee Wrote a Mission Statement “…forum for peer-level information sharing…” Defined ground rules for holding future conferences

  13. CMBG is not affiliated with any other single organization Independent of regulatory and oversight agencies Conference costs are paid by registration fees and supplemented by host utility Host utility pays for web site Activities limited to information exchange Written Principles and Practices guide our endeavors.

  14. CMBG Accomplishments Annual Conferences since 1994 Participation in development of industry documents (e.g.; ANSI-NIRMA CM 1.0-2000, INPO AP-929, INPO AP-932) Web Site (www.cmbg.org) CMBG history Conferences (proceedings from all previous conferences and info on upcoming conference) Steering Committee members IAEA Activities CM Links Papers and publications Industry Contact Database CMBG Google Group

  15. CMBG Conferences YearHostLocation 1994 PP&L Poconos, PA 1995 Ontario Hydro Ontario, Canada 1996 Houston Lighting & Power Galveston, TX 1997 Commonwealth Edison Chicago, IL 1998 NAESCO Boston, MA 1999 Duke Power Charlotte, NC 2000 Consolidated Edison Tarrytown, NY 2001 Progress Energy Raleigh, NC 2002 PSEG Nuclear Atlantic City, NJ 2003 PPL Susquehanna Hershey, PA 2004 Wolf Creek Nuclear Kansas City, MO 2005 First Energy Cleveland, OH 2006 Dominion Richmond, VA 2007 SCE&G Charleston, SC 2008 Pacific Gas and Electric Shell Beach, CA Entergy Boston, MA Duke Energy Charlotte, NC 2011 PESG Nuclear Philadelphia, PA

  16. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry NIRMA TG19-1996 “ Configuration Management of Nuclear Facilities” Built on the NIRMA PP-02 document Presented elements and attributes that facilities needed to establish of a good CM program. Later became basis for ANSI/NIRMA CM-1.0-2000 • Criteria • Program management • Design requirements • Information Control • Change control • Assessment • Training

  17. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Millstone Spent Fuel Pool Cooling (1996) NRC had lost confidence in utility’s ability to know and maintain its design basis and to implement design and licensing requirements 10CFR50.54(f) letter in October 1996 to all licensees that required a response on how design basis information was controlled and maintained. More far-reaching implications than letter that NRC was persuaded not to issue in 1993

  18. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry Millstone Spent Fuel Pool Cooling (1996) 10CFR50.54(f) letter helped to solidify CMBG as a viable resource for the industry Demonstrated how the CMBG "network" could be used to find and distribute valuable CM information between utilities, including good practices and lessons learned

  19. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry DC Cook Design issues (1997) Extended shutdown due to inability to respond to design basis event and other configuration issues Contributed to INPO decision to modify the evaluation performance objectives and criteria to include configuration management and to the formation of a new CM evaluation department.

  20. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry INPO AP-929 (1998) “Configuration Control Process Description” Focused on changes to plant configuration

  21. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents ANSI/NIRMA CM 1.0 -2000 “ Configuration Management of Nuclear Facilities” Based on NIRMA TG-19 CMBG members participated in development, review and issuance. Drafts reviewed at CMBG conferences • Criteria • Program management • Design requirements • Information Control • Change control • Assessment • Training

  22. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents 2002 CMBG Conference - initiative to reach agreement between INPO and NEI documents CMBG designated an NEI CM “Community of Practice” in 2002 CM Process and PI’s included in NEI Standard Nuclear Performance Model (2003)

  23. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents IAEA TECDOC-1335 (2003) "Configuration Management in Nuclear Power Plants“ Contained elements of INPO AP-929and ANSI/NIRMA CM-1.0 • Criteria • Program management • Design requirements • Information Control • Change control • Assessment • Training

  24. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry INPO - Margin Management (2003) INPO reorganization emphasized, “Evaluating Configuration and Margin Management” Functional/Design Failure Greater than design basis range Design margin ( This is a prohibited range of operation and represents the additional conservative margin to account for uncertainties in design and construction ) Design or Tech Spec Basis Limit Analyzed transient range ( Design allows operation in the transient range. However operating restrictions consistent with the design, such as the magnitude and frequency of excursions into this range apply) Operating Point Limit Operating margin Allowed operating range ( The allowed operating range provides the normal margins operators use without violating setpoints ) Normal Operating Point

  25. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry INPO 03-04 (November 2003) “Performance Objectives and Criteria” Configuration Management CM.1 Maintaining Margins Consistent with Design Requirements CM.2 Operational Configuration Control CM.3 Design Change Processes CM.4 Conduct of Engineering CM.5 Reactor Engineering and Fuel Management

  26. A Brief History of CM in the Nuclear Industry INPO 05-03 (May 2005) “Performance Objectives and Criteria” Configuration Management CM.1 Maintaining Margins Consistent with Design Requirements CM.2 Operational Configuration Control CM.3 Design Change Processes CM.4 Reactor Engineering and Fuel Management

  27. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents INPO AP-929, Rev 1 (2005) “Configuration Management Process Description” “Three-Ball model” became “CM Equilibrium Model” Return to CM Equilibrium (new) Margin Model (new)

  28. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents IAEA Safety Report SR-65. “Application of Configuration Management in Nuclear Power Plants” Contains elements of AP-929 (Rev 1)

  29. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents ANSI/NIRMA Standard-CM-1.0, Rev 1 (August 2007) “Configuration Management of Nuclear Facilities”

  30. CMBG Contributions to Industry CM Guidance Documents • INPO Good Practice 09-003 Excellence in the Management of Design and Operating Margins

  31. CMBG Contributions to Industry What’s next?

  32. The Next Big Thing in Nuclear CM • We need your help in identifying the CM issues important to your station • CM for new plants • CMBG is a forum for sharing lessons learned from the current generation of operating plants in developing CM controls/ processes for the next generation of the nuclear fleet • CM program effects of Fukishima Diachhi events • Others?? • YOUR CMBG will continue to provide a forum for industry benchmarking on CM issues Next Presentation