A young idler… ..an old beggar
Present simple vs present continuous
Conson + y = – ies(study- studies) • O = es (go – goes) • S, x, ch, sh= es (watch- watches/ mix-mixes) Present simple + he/ she / it : -s -es (plays, goes) - Don`t Doesn´t We don´t study She doesn´t study + verb ? Do you study ? Does she study? A + S + V ? - + We study English My sister watches TV We don´t study English My sister doesn´t watch TV ? Do we study English? Does my sister watch TV?
Present simple The simple present lo usamos para : Hábitos acciones que ocurren regularmente, habitualmente ( frequency adverbs: -always, usually, often, every day, every week, etc.) Cosas que no suelen cambiar ( opiniones, conditiones, etc) States
Habit • Young-Mi goes to class every day."Every day" es habitual. • It rains a lot in Vancouver.Significa que llueve con frecuencia. • Santos always talks about his family."Always" means this is a habit. • Jerry spends Christmas with his parents. Implica que pasa las Navidades con sus • padres todos los años. States • Bianca lives in Florida. This is a state, because it doesn't change. • Jean-Paul has red hair.Someone's hair colour doesn't usually change. • Martin likes chocolate. When we like something, usually we will always like it. • Anna believes in God. Beliefs and opinions are states. • They don't often change.
Frequency adverbs and time expressions At the end of the sentence Howoften..? I do yoga twice a week • Always • Usually • Often • Sometimes • Hardlyever • Never • Every day • Once a day / week / month.. • Twice a day / week / month.. • Three times a day / week / month.. • Twelve times a day / week / month.. Before the verb She often plays golf After to be They are always hungry
El verbo “to be “ se usa de forma distinta al resto de los verbos en inglés. Es un verbo irregular Be Was /Were Been Así que el Present Simple del verbo to be es: + - ? I am not Youaren´t He isn´t Sheisn´t Itisn´t Wearen´t Youaren´t Theyaren´t AmI..? Are You..? Is he.. ? Isshe..? Isit..? Are we..? Are you..? Are they..? I am You are He is Sheis Itis We are You are They are
Lo mismo ocurre con el verbo “have got” – que significa tener-poseer. Aquí igual que con “to be” no hace falta un auxiliar para hacer las formas negativa e interrogativa. Así el Present Simple del verbo “have got” será. + - ? I havegot Youhavegot He has got She has got It has got Wehavegot Youhavegot Theyhavegot I haven´tgot Youhaven´tgot He hasn´tgot Shehasn´tgot Ithasn´tgot Wehaven´tgot Youhaven´tgot Theyhaven´tgot Have I got ? Haveyougot ? Has he got ? Has shegot? Has itgot ? Havewegot ? Haveyougot ? Havetheygot ?
Hay… + ? - Thereis Thereisn´t Isthere..? Singular plural There are There aren´t Are there..? + Thereis+ a + contable singular Thereis+ some + incontable There are + some + contable plural Thereisn´t+ a + contable singular Thereisn´t+ any + incontable Therearen´t+ any + contable plural - Isthere+ a + contable singular Isthere+ any + incontable Are there+ any + contable plural ?
Complete the sentences. Use the present simple form of these verbs . do go like listen play 1. I _______ collecting things. 2 . Paul _______ to music on the bus. 3 . Nicola _______ shopping on Saturdays. 4 . My brother _______ martial arts. 5 . My friend and I _______ computer games. like listens goes does play Make the sentences negative • I don´tlikecollectingthings • Paul doesn´t listen tomusiconthe bus • Nicola doesn´tgoshopping onSaturdays • My brotherdoesn´t do martialarts • My friends and I don´tplaycomputergames
Write sentences.Use the present simple form of the verb and an adverb of frequency. always √√√√√ usually √√√√ often √√√ sometimes √√hardly ever √ never X 1. I / be / happy! √√√√√ 2. my sister / watch / films √ 3. I / play / football √√ 4. our teacher / be / nice √√√√ 5. we / go / to England X my dad / make / lunch √√√ My dad often makes lunch. I am always happy My sister hardly ever watches films I sometimes play football Our teacher is usually nice We never go to England
Write questions and short answers. Use the present simple. 1 you / like fashion?Yes 2 your teacher / speak Japanese?No, 3 your cousins / live in Spain?Yes, 4 you / play chess?No, 5 your best friend / study English?Yes, Do you like fashion? Yes, I do Does your teacher speak Japanese? No, she doesn´t Do your cousins live in Spain? Yes, they do Do you play chess? No, I don´t Does your best friend study English? Yes, she does
Am Is Are + present continuous V-ing + • V monosilábicos q terminan en 1 vocal + 1 cons., doblan cons. • Run—runningswim—swimming • V de dos sílabas y acento en la 2ª, doblan consonante • Begin—beginning • Verbos que acaban en l , doblan l • Travel—travelling • Verbos que acaban en -ie , cambia a y + ing • Die—dying I am studying you are studying he is studying - I am not studying You aren´t studying He isn´t studying Time expressions Now, at themoment, Today Look! Listen! ? Am I studying? Are you studying? Is he studying? A + S + V ?
present continuous The present continuous tense se usa para: Una acción temporal que está ocurriendo ahora: Algo que está ocurriendo ahora pero parará en el futuro) Un plan para el futuro : Algo que tenemos planeado y la intención de hacer en un futuro cercano
Temporary action happening now • John is winning the game.Justo ahora, John is winning, pero el juego no • ha terminado aún. • It's raining outside. Llueve justo ahora (pero puede que pare pronto). • Soraya's working in the library.Está trabajando allí ahora. • Sihol is spending Christmas with his family.Está pasando las Navidades con su • familia ahora, este año. • (puede que el año que viene ya no.)
A definite plan for the future • I'm playing soccer tomorrow.Es algo seguro, ya está arreglado y organizado. • Sarah's leaving for San Francisco on Friday. Probablemente ya tenga el billete • The Olympics are taking place here next year.Es algo cierto y seguro. • I'm having a party next week. Ya están hechos todos los preparativos.
Non-continuous verbs / Stative verbs • Hay algunos verbos que no se suelen usar en las formas contínuas. • Son verbos que se refieren a estados y no a acciones. Como estos: • verbos que describen procesos mentales y opiniones:think, believe, remember, know, forget, agree, disagree… • verbos que describen emociones:want, like, love, hate, adore, detest… • verbs que describen los sentidos:see, hear, taste, feel, smell… • Esto no significa que sea imposible ver estos verbos con la -ing. • Significa que es poco usual y que se usaría para alguna situación específica
Write questions. Then complete the short answers. Use the present continuous 1 your friends / watch / a film? Yes 2 Jon / have / a shower? No 3 you / do / an exam? Yes, 4 it / snow / now? Yes, 5 Anna / listen / to her new CD? Yes 6 your parents / tidy / the house? No Are your friends watching a film? Yes, they are. Is Jon having a shower? No, he isn’t. Are you doing an exam? Yes, I am. Is it snowing now? Yes, it is. Is Anna listening to her new CD? Yes, she is. Are your parents tidying the house? No, they aren’t
Translate these sentences • Eva está tocando el piano • Normalmente bebo té, pero hoy estoy bebiendo café • ¿Qué haces? Estoy estudiando • ¿Qué hacen Juan y Luisa? Están viendo la tele • ¿Qué hacen Agustín y Laura? Son médicos • Me gusta esa canción. ¿Quién la canta? Eva isplayingthe piano I usuallydrink tea, buttodayI´mdrinkingcoffee What are youdoing? I´mstudying What are Juan y Luisa doing? They are watching TV What do Agustín y Laura do? They are doctors I likethatsong. Whoissinging?
Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the present simple or present continuous. 1. We _________ (do) a test at the moment. 2. My parents _________ (not work) on Sundays. 3. _______ your mum _________ (work) today? 4. My sister _________ (get up) at seven o’clock every morning. 5. I ____________ (not meet) my friends this evening. 6. _____ your best friend ______ (live) near you? 7. Jaime _________ (not like) dancing. 8. Look! Pedro _________ (copy) my answers! 9. _____ you often _________ (speak) English? 10. I never _________ (play) tennis in winter. are doing don´t work Is working gets up am not meeting Does live doesn´t like is copying Do speak play
Use the verbs in brackets to fill the gaps I can´tgo shopping now. I (work) Bob neverduringtheweek (goout) Where´sJim? He withfriends (stay) Whatthisafternoon (do)? Nothing Rhinos in Africa, India and Indonesia. (live) Thisyear I French and German. (study) Weto Manchester tomorrow (go) Look out of thewindow! It (rain) Itnever in Murcia (snow) Hi, is Alison there? Yes, but can you ring back in 10 minutes? She a shower (have) 11.He swimmingeveryday (go) 12. Rightnow, I tomusic and surfingthe Net (listen) am working goes out is staying are you doing live am studying are going is raining snows is having goes am listening
Write sentences. Use the present simple and the adverbs of frequency. 1 I / go / swimming (often) 2 we / be / bored (hardly ever) 3 our teacher / speak / English (always) 4 I / be / late (never) 5 Marta / watch / horror films (sometimes) I often go swimming We are hardly ever bored Our teacher always speaks in English I am never late Marta sometimes watches horror films
Complete the email. Use the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs in brackets. Hi Jodie, I (1) ___________ (write) to you from my new house! It’s great. It’s near the coast, so I (2) ______ (go) to the beach every weekend. I (3) _____ (send) you a photo – it’s the view from my window! How’s your family? My brother (4) ___________ (study) a lot at the moment because he’s got his exams soon. My sister still (5) ___ (play) basketball every week, although she (6) _______ (notbe) with the same team because it’s too far. My parents have got the same jobs, but they (7) ___________ (drive) to work now instead of taking the train. I still love music! At the moment I (8) ___________ (listen) to the new Coldplay CD. As you can see, I (9) ___________ (not do) my homework at the moment! My new English teacher always (10) ________ (give) us a lot of homework, so I’ll finish this email now … See you soon, Sam am writing go am sending is studying plays isn´t drive am listening am not doing gives
Complete the table with the time expressions and adverbs of frequency below. • today • now • often • on Sundays • every year • tomorrow night • • this morning • at this moment • twice a week • usually today often on Sundays now every year tomorrow night twice a week this morning usually at this moment