Growth and Development Unit Index • Relationships & Dating: • Abuse: • Male Reproductive Organs: • Female Reproductive Organs: • Teenage Pregnancy: • STI’s • Condoms
Relationships & DatingBell Ringer ACTIVITY #2 How Does This Relationship Stack Up?
Relationships & Dating • Which one do you want???? Keira Knightly http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ic2PdCpnl1s Afternoon Delight http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IBB0M8mQeL4
Relationships & Dating • When to start dating??? • Teens who begin dating before the age of 15 may base their identity on their dating experiences rather than on developing their unique personality. • Have you developed your personality yet or are just basing who you are off of who you have been dating? • Research shows that teen who begin • dating at a young age are more at risk of • becoming sexually active. • This increases their risk of becoming • a teen parent and being infected with HIV or other sexually transmitted diseases.
Relationships & Dating A balanced relationship that promotes mutual respect and healthful behavior is a Healthy Friendship. Having balanced friendships(relationships) improves the quality of your life. You first must learn to like and accept yourself before anyone else can. If one has negative ideas & feelings and no self-confidence in themselves then it is going to be hard for someone else to like them. Questions to ask yourself before beginning a relationship: • What do I know about this person? • Does this person have good character? • Will they approve of me spending time with this person?
Relationships & Dating Communication- is a process through which you send messages to and receive messages from others. In addition it is a key part to building a healthy relationship. The four types of communication are: • Speaking • Listening • Body Language (Eye rolling, smacking lips, slouching, no eye contact) • Written Word (Texting, Facebook, Twitter, and letters) Assertiveness -is telling someone exactly how you feel, not worrying about what they will say and not being indecisive. Assertiveness goes hand in hand with effective communication.
Relationships & Dating Clear/Straight Forward Expectations The first step of beginning a Healthy of happy relationship is making sure you both want and expect the same things -- being on the same page is very important. The following tips can help you create and maintain a healthy relationship: • Speak Up.In a healthy relationship, if something is bothering you, it’s best to talk about it instead of holding it in. • Respect Your Partner.Your partner’s wishes and feelings have value. Let your significant other know you are making • an effort to keep their ideas in mind. Mutual respect is essential in maintaining healthy relationships. • Compromise.Disagreements are a natural part of healthy relationships, but it’s important that you find a way to • compromise if you disagree on something. Try to solve conflicts in a fair and rational way. • Be Supportive.Offer reassurance and encouragement to your partner. Also, let your partner know when you need their • support. Healthy relationships are about building each other up, not putting each other down. • Respect Each Other’s Privacy. Just because you’re in a relationship, doesn’t mean you have to share everything and constantly be together. Healthy relationships require space.
Creating boundaries is not a sign of secrecy or distrust -- it’s an expression of what makes you feel comfortable and what you would like or not like to happen within the relationship. Remember, healthy boundaries shouldn’t restrict your ability to: • Go out with your friends without your partner. • Participate individually in activities and hobbies you like. • Not have to share passwords to your email, social media accounts or phone. • Respect each other’s individual likes and needs. Relationships & Dating
Risk Behavioris an action a person chooses that threatens health and can cause disease, injury and premature death. Risk Situationis a circumstance or place that one puts/finds themselves in that threatens health and can cause disease, injury and premature death. Relationships & Dating
Action strategies to help you avoid a risky sexual situation are: Listen respectfully Be firm Don’t back down Go out with another couple or group of friends Do not use alcohol or other drugs Have several ideas in mind for other things to do Keep your curfew Make sure your body language matches your words Set limits when dealing with risky sexual situations: Tell the person what you’ve decided and, if you want to tell why. Make a specific request If the person says “no”, you could ask why or accept the answer and leave the situation Restate the decision Try another way to solve the problem, but do not change your decision Restate your decision, if you choose, leave the door open. Relationships & Dating
Relationships & Dating Has someone you liked ever ignored you or failed to include you? If so then you have been rejected. • Rejection is the feeling of being unwelcome or unwanted. • Every human being will experience rejection in his or her life at some point and it is important to remember that YOU are someone important, even when a person does not want to have a relationship with you. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcwIEupH7UU
Relationships & Dating • Three Stages of a Relationship • Sparkle (Infatuation) • Disillusionment • Mutual Acceptance (Mature Love) • All relationships go through these stages. Whether it is friendship or a romantic relationship, one can expect to see these stages.
Stage #1: The Sparkle (Infatuation) To begin this relationship you must be open and vulnerable In the beginning, the person seems perfect for you You can’t see enough of each other Any lack of attention brings anxiety, fear, rejection, and/or jealousy You don’t see the other person’s faults/imperfections Relationships & Dating
Stage #2: Disillusionment Begin to see the other person’s faults Become irritable or competitive with each other Thinking “maybe they aren’t as perfect as I thought” One of the following may happen: Come to grips with the imperfections (you accept who they are and are OK with that) OR Withdrawal of affection and ending of relationship (you realize they are not the person for you) Relationships & Dating
Stage #3: Mutual Acceptance (Mature Love) See and accept the flaws in the other person Can be yourself and feel secure without jealousy Trust has been built over time. Can be adventuresome and spontaneous Affirms your self worth (they make you feel positive about yourself) Relationships & Dating
Relationships & DatingDaily Review • Define a healthy friendship • a balanced relationship that promotes mutual respect • What do healthy relationships do? • Add quality to life • If someone has no ____________in themselves then it is going to be hard for someone else to like them • Self confidence • A ____________is a verbal exchange of feelings, thoughts, ideas, & opinions • Conversation • _____________is an action a person chooses that threatens health and can cause disease, injury and premature death. • Risk Behavior • __________is a circumstance or place that one puts/finds themselves in that threatens health and can cause disease, injury and premature death. • Risk Circumstance
Relationships & DatingDaily Review cont…. • ___________ is the process through which you send & receive messages • Communication • What are the major components of communication? • Speaking, listening, writing, body language • ___________ is telling someone exactly how you feel • Assertiveness • ____________ is the feeling of being unwelcome or unwanted • Rejection
Relationships & Dating • ACTIVITY #4 Three Stages of a Relations ship
Relationships & DatingBell Ringer #2 ACTIVITY #4 Perfect Romance • Get into groups of 3-5 • Select a recorder and a speaker for your group • Each group is to work together as a team to come up with what they believe is the best romantic date
Abuse • Relationships that are not healthy are based on power and control, not equality and respect. In the early stages of an abusive relationship, you may not think the unhealthy behaviors are a big deal. However, possessiveness, insults, jealous accusations, yelling, humiliation, unwanted physical touching, pushing or other negative, abusive behaviors, are -- at their root -- exertions of power and control. • Remember that abuse is always a choice and you deserve to be respected. There is no excuse for abuse of any kind.
Abuse Abuse is the intentional injury of one person by another • Physical • Emotional • Sexual • Verbal.
Verbal Abuse Sexual Abuse Abuse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mi-3CGhHCPM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saAVcrI49nM
Physical Abuse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_lWQJPLd-8 Emotional Abuse Abuse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5gsKQd5pHg
AbuseYou might be in an abusive relationship if… • You are afraid of your partner when he or she is angry • You are afraid to disagree • You are constantly apologizing for your partners behavior • You have to justify everything you do to avoid anger. • Your partner puts you down and then tells you he or she loves you. • You have been hit, kicked, shoved, or had things thrown at you • Your partner keeps you from seeing your friends or family • You have been forced or coerced to have sex or engage in sexual activities that make you feel uncomfortable and that you didn’t want to do. • You are afraid to break up with your partner because he or she has threatened to hurt you, him/herself, other friends and family, or pets
His or her moods change. He or she might be depressed, withdraw from friends and family, act out, be secretive, seem insecure and put themselves down, seem unable to make independent decisions. He or she starts to wear baggy clothes or clothes which cover most of his or her body. He or she has signs of injury, such as bruises, cuts, broken bones. He or she is missing school and/or withdrawing from activities His or her grades fall. AbuseSomeone you know might be in an abusive relationship if you notice…
Sexual assault: - isUnwanted/illegal sexual penetration or touching What’s it called in Michigan? CSC-Criminal Sexual Conduct What is the age threshold? 16 What is consent? Permission -YES -No means No! What is coercion? To persuade an unwilling person to do something by using: Force, threats, seduction, blackmail. Sexual abuse and rape is not about sex but about? Power & Control Abuse
You constantly check up on your partner. You feel like you cant be away from your partner. You are extremely jealous or possessive You have an explosive temper You hit, kick, shove, or throw things at others You constantly criticize or insult your partner You have threatened your partner You damage things when you and your partner are together You have forced or coerced your partner to have sex You have threatened to hurt your partner or someone else You have threatened to hurt yourself if your partner breaks up with you. AbuseYou might be an abuser if…
AbuseAbusive Relationship Cycle • #1 Tension builds#2 Explosion#3 Honeymoon “I HATE YOU” “SMACK” “I AM SO SORRY”
Abuse How to Avoid Abuse: 3R’s • Recognize: learn to recognize abusive behavior in its many forms • Resist: should someone use or try to use offensive touching, suggestive talk, or inappropriate behavior, resist in any way you can be assertive • Report: get away and tell someone. • Stuebenville Ohio Rape Clip http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjbTqKkOHwM
Define sexual assault: Unwanted/illegal sexual penetration or touching What’s it called in Michigan? CSC-Criminal Sexual Conduct What is the age threshold? 16 What is consent? Permission -YES -No means No! What is coercion? To persuade an unwilling person to do something by using: Force, threats, seduction, blackmail. Sexual abuse and rape is not about sex but about? Power & Control AbuseDaily Review
AbuseDaily Review cont.. • is the intentional injury of one person by another. • Abuse • What are the 4 types of abuse • Physical, Emotional, Sexual, Verbal • What are the 3 phases of an abusive relationship • 1-Tension Builds 2-Explosion 3-Honeymoon • What are the 3 R’s for avoiding avoiding abuse? • Recognize, Resist, Report.
Abuse ACTIVITY #1 • Healthy/Unhealthy Relationships
Male Reproductive organs Bell Ringer #1 ACTIVITY #5 Puberty Olympics
Male Reproductive organs The Male Reproductive System • The organs of the male reproductive system are specialized for the following functions: • To produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen) • To discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract • To produce and secrete male sex hormones • The male reproductive anatomy includes internal and external structures. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_eNmc_gHyE&list=UUSGJMcNSM5iAwugLwO4ANOQ&index=1
Male Reproductive organs External reproductive organ • Penis - is the male organ for sexual intercourse. The head of the penis, is covered with a loose layer of skin called foreskin. (This skin is sometimes removed in a procedure called circumcision.) The opening of the urethra, the tube that transports semen and urine, is at the tip of the glans penis. The penis also contains a number of sensitive nerve endings. Semen, which contains sperm, is expelled (ejaculated) through the end of the penis when the man reaches sexual climax (orgasm). When the penis is erect, the flow of urine is blocked from the urethra, allowing only semen to be ejaculated at orgasm.
Male Reproductive organs External reproductive organ • Scrotum - is the loose pouch-like sac of skin that hangs behind the penis. It contains the testicles (also called testes), as well as many nerves and blood vessels. The scrotum has a protective function and acts as a climate control system for the testes. For normal sperm development, the testes must be at a temperature slightly cooler than the body temperature. Special muscles in the wall of the scrotum allow it to contract and relax, moving the testicles closer to the body for warmth and protection or farther away from the body to cool the temperature.
Male Reproductive organs Internal reproductive organs • Testes (Primary) - The testes are oval organs about the size of large olives that lie in the scrotum, secured at either end by a structure called the spermatic cord. Most men have two testes. The testes are responsible for making testosterone, the primary male sex hormone, and for generating sperm. Within the testes are coiled masses of tubes called seminiferous tubules. These tubules are responsible for producing the sperm cells through a process called spermatogenesis. Human testes are held outside the body in a sac called the scrotum
Male Reproductive organs Internal reproductive organs cont…. The internal organs of the male reproductive system, also called accessory organs, include the following: • Vas deferens— The vas deferens is a long, muscular tube that travels from the epididymis into the pelvic cavity, to just behind the bladder. The vas deferens transports mature sperm to the urethra in preparation for ejaculation. • Ejaculatory ducts— These are formed by the fusion of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicles. The ejaculatory ducts empty into the urethra. • Urethra— The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside of the body. In males, it has the additional function of expelling (ejaculating) semen when the man reaches orgasm. When the penis is erect during sex, the flow of urine is blocked from the urethra, allowing only semen to be ejaculated at orgasm.
Male Reproductive organs Internal reproductive organs cont… • Seminal vesicles— The seminal vesicles are sac-like pouches that attach to the vas deferens near the base of the bladder. The seminal vesicles produce a sugar-rich fluid (fructose) that provides sperm with a source of energy and helps with the sperms’ motility (ability to move). The fluid of the seminal vesicles makes up most of the volume of a man’s ejaculatory fluid, or ejaculate. • Prostate gland— The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure that is located below the urinary bladder in front of the rectum. The prostate gland contributes additional fluid to the ejaculate. Prostate fluids also help to nourish the sperm. The urethra, which carries the ejaculate to be expelled during orgasm, runs through the center of the prostate gland.
Male Reproductive organs Internal reproductive organs cont… • Epididymis - is a long, coiled tube that rests on the backside of each testicle. It functions in the transport and storage of the sperm cells that are produced in the testes. It also is the job of the epididymis to bring the sperm to maturity, since the sperm that emerge from the testes are immature and incapable of fertilization. During sexual arousal, contractions force the sperm into the vas deferens. • Bulbourethral glands: Also called Cowper's glands, these are pea-sized structures located on the sides of the urethra just below the prostate gland. These glands produce a clear, slippery fluid that empties directly into the urethra. This fluid serves to lubricate the urethra and to neutralize any acidity that may be present due to residual drops of urine in the urethra.
Male Reproductive organsDaily Review • What is the primary sex organ of a male? • Testes • Functions of Male reproductive organs are: • to produce, maintain and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen) and to produce and secrete male sex hormones • What are the male external reproductive organs? • Penis, and Scrotum • What are the male internal reproductive organs? • Testes, epididymis, Vas deferens, Urethra, Ejaculatory ducts, Seminal vesicles, Prostate gland, Bulbourethral glands
Female Reproductive organs • The female reproductive system is designed to carry out several functions. It produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction, called the ova or oocytes. The system is designed to transport the ova to the site of fertilization. Conception, the fertilization of an egg by a sperm, normally occurs in the fallopian tubes. The next step for the fertilized egg is to implant into the walls of the uterus, beginning the initial stages of pregnancy. If fertilization and/or implantation does not take place, the system is designed to menstruate (the monthly shedding of the uterine lining). In addition, the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle.
Female Reproductive organs • External Female Reproductive Organs • Labia majora: The labia majora enclose and protect the other external reproductive organs. Literally translated as "large lips," the labia majora are relatively large and fleshy, and are comparable to the scrotum in males. The labia majora contain sweat and oil-secreting glands. After puberty, the labia majora are covered with hair. • Labia minora: Literally translated as "small lips," the labia minora can be very small or up to 2 inches wide. They lie just inside the labia majora, and surround the openings to the vagina (the canal that joins the lower part of the uterus to the outside of the body) and urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body).
Female Reproductive organs External Female Reproductive Organs • Bartholin's glands: These glands are located beside the vaginal opening and produce a fluid (mucus) secretion. • Clitoris: The two labia minora meet at the clitoris, a small, sensitive protrusion that is comparable to the penis in males. The clitoris is covered by a fold of skin, called the prepuce, which is similar to the foreskin at the end of the penis. Like the penis, the clitoris is very sensitive to stimulation and can become
Female Reproductive organs Internal Female Reproductive Organs • Vagina: The vagina is a canal that joins the cervix (the lower part of uterus) to the outside of the body. It also is known as the birth canal. • Uterus (womb): The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that is the home to a developing fetus. The uterus is divided into two parts: the cervix, which is the lower part that opens into the vagina, and the main body of the uterus, called the corpus. The corpus can easily expand to hold a developing baby. A channel through the cervix allows sperm to enter and menstrual blood to exit.
Female Reproductive organs Internal Female Reproductive Organs • Ovaries (primary): The ovaries are small, oval-shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones. • Fallopian tubes: These are narrow tubes that are attached to the upper part of the uterus and serve as tunnels for the ova (egg cells) to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. Conception, the fertilization of an egg by a sperm, normally occurs in the fallopian tubes. The fertilized egg then moves to the uterus, where it implants into the lining of the uterine wall.
Female Reproductive organs • What Happens During the Menstrual Cycle? • Females of reproductive age experience cycles of hormonal activity that repeat at about one-month intervals. With every cycle, a woman's body prepares for a potential pregnancy, whether or not that is the woman's intention. The term menstruation refers to the periodic shedding of the uterine lining. (Menstru means "monthly.'') • The average menstrual cycle takes about 28 days and occurs in phases: the follicular phase, the ovulatory phase (ovulation), and the luteal phase. • There are four major hormones (chemicals that stimulate or regulate the activity of cells or organs) involved in the menstrual cycle: follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estrogen, and progesterone.