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The Civil Rights Movement Review

The Civil Rights Movement Review

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The Civil Rights Movement Review

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  1. The Civil Rights MovementReview Do now: Take out review materials

  2. Essay - Tuesday • Study goals and methods used by civil rights movement • Introduction • Goals and methods used • Goals and methods used • Impact on society • Conclusion

  3. I. African American Rights • 1. methods • Non-violence, passive resistance, peaceful • 2. civil disobedience • Break unjust laws- example: sit in,marches, protests, boycotts • 3. Dr. King – goals/ methods • Equality (voting, education, job opportunities,respect) • full rights by peaceful means

  4. 4. Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896) • “separate but equal” • Legalized Jim Crow and segregation • 5. Results of Brown decision (1954) • Overturned Plessy • “separate is inherently unequal” • Ended legal segregation

  5. 6. Civil Rights Acts • Bars discrimination • 7. Voting Rights Act • Ended voting restrictions (literacy tests etc)

  6. 8. Montgomery Bus Boycott / Rosa Parks • Refused to give up seat; arrested • Began successful, year-long boycott • Led to end of segregated buses • Impact: • People see the success of organized protests

  7. 9. Black Muslims – Malcolm X • Question Dr. King’s methods • Want changes faster • 10. Black Power Movement / Black Panthers • More militant • Urge for separate state

  8. 11. Busing • Purpose was to achieve racially balanced schools • Very controversial • 12. Defacto segregation • Separation based upon neighborhoods • 13. de jure segregation • Separation based on law for example: • Jim Crow laws

  9. II: Women’s Rights • 1. 19th Amendment and WWI • Showed they were valuable contributors to war • Suffrage – 1920 • 2. Impact of civil rights movement • Showed how organized protests can be successful

  10. 3A. Equal Pay Act • Equal pay for equal work • 3B. Civil Rights Act • Can’t discriminate based on gender (religion, national origin, race, ethnicity, age….) • 3C. Title IX • Part of educational code • Equal funding for women’s sports

  11. 5. Gender equity (equality) • Gender discrimination (based on male/female status) • 6. Betty Friedan wrote • The Feminine Mystique in 1950s • Impact • Began Women’s Rights Movement for equality

  12. 7. NOW • National Organization for Women • Fights for gender equity • 8. Gloria Steinem • Founded Ms. Magazine • Job titles changed to be gender neutral

  13. III. Rights of other groups • 1. Native Americans • Wanted equality, hunting and fishing rights • Land rights • 2. American Indian Movement (AIM) • Protests to gain rights • 3. Goal of current federal policies • Have Native Americans control their lives more

  14. 5. Cesar Chavez and UFW • Better conditions and rights for migrant farm workers • 6. Rights of disabled / special needs ADA • Greater access to transportation • Educational reforms

  15. 7. Mainstreaming • Bring students with special educational needs into the classroom in the least restrictive environment

  16. IV. Miscellaneous • 1. Growth of suburbs – Why? • Baby boom after WWII • Need for more space and housing • 2a. GI Bill • Loans for education and housing • 2b. Levittowns • Cheap, prefabricated housing in a grid

  17. 2c. Needed cars for suburban growth • 3. Urban – • city center • Suburban – • outside city • Rural – • farthest from center; farms/countryside

  18. Essay (Tuesday) • Goals of the Civil Rights Movement • Leaders • Methods used • Impact of the movement on society

  19. What do you need to do to get a 100% on tomorrow’s test? • Prepare • Study • Review • Sleep • Eat breakfast

  20. Integration-mix • Fluctuations-changes • Trend-pattern • Boycott • Homemaker-housewife • Tomboy- • Gender • Mass-produced • Affirmative action