Civil War: Famous Battles Made By: Allanna, Irina, and Madison
Shiloh Ulysses S. Grant April 16, 1862 near Pittsburg landing and the Tennessee River Union soldiers were ambushed 40,000 Confederate soldiers under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, who was later replaced by P.G.T Beauregard. The Union won after Ulysses S. Grant, a Union general, received reinforcements making the battle 40,000 Union soldiers vs 30,000 Confederate soldiers 23,000 casualties, bloodiest battle in U.S history Citation: information- http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/shiloh.html?tab=facts : image- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Shiloh - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Sidney_Johnston - http://fieryordeal.blogspot.com/2012/03/shilohs-hornets-nest.html Albert S. Johnson
Gettysburg Battle( July 1-3 1863) Union cavalry under Brig .Gen. John Buford slowed the Confederate advanced until union infantry, the Union 1st and 11th Corps ,arrived.On the second day of battle, the Union defended a fishhook-shaped range of hills and ridges south of Gettysburg with around 90,000 soldiers. On July 3, fighting resumed on Culp's Hill, and cavalry battles raged to the east and south. The Battle of Gettysburg was the largest and most significant of the war. Around 160,000 Americans faced each other over a 3 day period. It is known as the turning point of the Civil War. It was at this time that the Confederate forces were forced to give up their plan to move the war further north. The Union was able to defeat the confederate group and gain control of the political clout. Source http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html
The Battle of Bull Run Bull Run was fought in Virginia on July 21st, 1861. President Lincoln sent General McDowell out on popular demand to attack the Confederate Forces along Bull Run. The goals of this battle were to beat the Confederates and open a way to Richmond to take over the Confederate capital and end the war. This battle held significance because it was the Battle of Bull Run that practically set the war into action besides Fort Sumter. The impact it had on the war was 4,878 lost as a whole, the Confederates victory, and the fact that President Lincoln knew the war was going to be a long and costly affair. Source: "The Battle of Bull Run Summary & Facts." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.
The Battle of Antietam On September 18th, 1862 the Union Army confronted the Confederates in Sharpsburg, Maryland. The next day Union Army attacked the Confederates and there started the battle of Antietam. General Lee sent all of the Confederates to battle over the Antietam Creek while General McClellan only sent ¾ of his men to fight. The war was considered a draw, but Lincoln declared it a victory. The significance of the event was losing 22,717 soldiers, Lee fled the Confederates from Maryland, and it was the called victory Lincoln needed to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. The impact it had on the war was the fact that it was the victory Lincoln needed to claim before delivering the Emancipation Proclamation to America. The Emancipation Proclamation changed the geopolitical course of the Civil War. Source: "The Battle of Antietam Summary & Facts." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.
Battle of Antietam (Cont.) The battle was originally Robert E. Lee trying to pursue Washington. During this mission McClellan discovered Lee’s plans wrapped up around a cigar. Lee and Stonewall’s armies were separated. McClellan went out for Lee. The clash proved to be the bloodiest single day battle in American history, totaling in over 26,000 casualties. The next day instead of continuing to Richmond, McClellan did nothing. Therefore, Lincoln removed him from command.