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Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18 PowerPoint Presentation
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Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18

Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18

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Abraham Maslow Holistic-Dynamic Theory Pertemuan 18

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  1. Abraham MaslowHolistic-Dynamic TheoryPertemuan 18 Matakuliah : L0194 – Psikologi Kepribadian Tahun : 2010

  2. Who is Abraham Harold Maslow?

  3. Average student  High grades Intellectually superior student  get flunk out from school

  4. (1970) Holistic Approach to Motivation • Motivation is ussualy complex • Behavior spring from several separate motives • Motivation maybe unconscious or unknown to the person • People are continually motivates by one needs or another • People everywhere are motivates by the same basic needs  can be arrange on hierarchy

  5. Heirarchy of Needs Metapathology: Absent of value, lack of fulfillment, Loss meaning in life Self doubt, self-depreciation, Lack of confidence Defensive, overly aggresisive, Socially timid Irrational fear, insecutiry, dread, basic anxiety Malnutrition, fatigue, loss of energy, Obsession of sex, etc.

  6. In addition to these 5 conative needs are: • Aesthetic • Cognitive • Neurotic Deprivation same sickness as conative needs Deprivation results in pathology

  7. Reversed order of Needs Chief crazy horse monument sculptured by Korczak Ziolkowski

  8. Unmotivated Behavior • Expressive Behavior • The person’s mode of expression • No need reward • Unlearned, spontaneous, force within person rather than environment Versus • Coping Behavior • Conscious, learned, determined by external environment • Serves some aims or goals • Motivated by some deficit needs

  9. Criteria for Self Actualization • Free from psychopathology • Had progressed through the hierarchy of needs • Embracing of the B-Values • Full use and exploitation of talents, capacities, potentialities

  10. B-Values • Metamotivation  motives of self actualizing people • Deprivation of any B-Values  Metapathology (the lack of a meaningful philosophy of life)

  11. Characteristic of self actualizing people: • More efficient perception of reality • Acceptance of self, others, & naturalness • Problem-centering • Need for privacy • Autonomy • Continued freshness of appreciation • The peak experience

  12. Characteristic of self actualizing people: (cont…) • Kinship with other human beings • Profound interpersonal relations • The democratic character structure • Enjoy doing something for its own sake • Philosophical sense of humor • Creativeness • Resistence to enculturation

  13. Jonah Complex • Takut akan kesuksesan yang diimpikan karena akan bandingkan dengan yang dirasa lebh hebat Psychotherapy • Break their dependency on others • Warm & healthy relationship with therapist • Fulfill love & belongingness  confident