The Rise of Darwinism And Its Implications for Society Monarch Creation Ministry August 2006
Evolutionist Richard Dawkins: “Innocent children are being saddled with demonstrable falsehoods. It’s time to question the abuse of childhood innocence with superstitious ideas of hellfire and damnation.” —BBC TV Special
1981 Resolution of the National Academy of Sciences “Religion and science are separate and mutually exclusive realms of thought whose presentation in the same context leads to misunderstanding of both scientific and religious belief.”
The Basis of Modern Science • Materialism: the view that the material world is all there is; there is no existence beyond this present life • Naturalism: the view that all things have a natural cause, especially the origin of the universe and nature
Evolutionist Richard Lewontin: We scientists “have a prior commitment to materialism [and] we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that produce material explanations. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.”
Evolutionist Michael Ruse: “Either humankind is in a state of original sin or it is not. If it is, then there was reason for Jesus to die on the cross. If it is not, Calvary has as much relevance as a gladiator's death in the Colosseum.”
Romans 1:22 Although they claimed to be wise, they became fools…
How did we get to this state of affairs? Early Signs of the “Religion vs. Science” Conflict
The Renaissance (Early 14th to 16th Centuries): Two Streams of Thought • An attempt to return to Biblical Christianity: The Reformation.
The Reformers • Martin Luther, Germany • John Wycliffe, England • John Huss, Germany • G. Savonarola, Italy • H. Zwingli, Switzerland • John Calvin, Switzerland • John Knox, Scotland
The Renaissance (Early 14th to 16th Centuries): Two Streams of Thought • An attempt to return to Biblical Christianity: The Reformation. • The humanistic side: “The Age of Rationalism” or “The Age of Reason.”
The Age of Reason • Emphasis on humanism rather than on God. • Thinking modeled after ancient Greece & Rome. • Renaissance philosophers believed society could turn people away from evil. • Humanistic thinking even affected theologians of the time.
REBIRTH OF LEARNING RENAISSANCE RETURN TO BIBLICAL CONCEPTS REFORMATION SCIENCE FOUNDED UPON BIBLICAL CONCEPTS CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS
Some Christian Scientists • Lord Kelvin: Thermodynamics • Louis Pasteur: Immunization • Robert Boyle: Chemistry • James Clerk Maxwell: Electrodynamics • Isaac Newton: Laws of Motion, Calculus • Gregor Mendel: Genetics • Michael Faraday: Electromagnetics
Some Christian Scientists • Georges Cuvier: Anatomy, Paleontology • Matthew Maury: Oceanography • Blaise Pascal: Hydrostatics, Barometer • James Joule: Thermodynamics • Leonardo da Vinci: Hydraulics • Francis Bacon: The Scientific Method • Johann Kepler: Astronomy
William of Occam (14th Century) • Beginning of the division between science and theology • Natural knowledge (science) vs. revealed truth (theology)
RENAISSANCE SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION SCIENCE FOUNDED UPON BIBLICAL CONCEPTS CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS
Rationalism17th – Late 18th Centuries • Everything can be explained by mathematical laws • Yet it’s not possible to be certain of anything • To become rational only requires education Rene Descartes
Rationalism17th – Late 18th Centuries • “Knowledge is power.” • Reason vs. ignorance, superstition, & uncritical acceptance of authority. • “Worship of reason.” Jean-Jacques Rousseau
The Rise of Materialism(17th century) • All is material. • Everything can be explained by scientific laws. • Humans don’t have a spiritual nature. Thomas Hobbes
RENAISSANCE HUMANISM MATERIALISM & RATIONALISM SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION ALL IS MATERIAL; WORSHIP OF REASON SCIENCE FOUNDED UPON BIBLICAL CONCEPTS CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS
Empiricism17th Century - Present • Experience is the most important source of knowledge • Cannot base decisions on other sources, such as the Bible or governmental authority David Hume
RENAISSANCE MATERIALISM & RATIONALISM SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION BIBLICAL BASIS OF SCIENCE BEGINS TO ERODE EMPIRICISM CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS EXPERIENCE IS SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE
“The Enlightenment”18th Century • An “emancipation from superstition and prejudices of earlier times;” • The achievement of concordance with fact and reason; • New theories to explain heaven and earth; • Once people became “enlightened” society’s problems would be solved.
Uniformitarianism19th Century - Present • All geologic processes took vast amounts of time. • “The present is the key to the past.” • No Genesis Flood. James Hutton Charles Lyell
RENAISSANCE MATERIALISM & RATIONALISM SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION BIBLICAL BASIS OF SCIENCE ERODING EMPIRICISM CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS UNIFORM- ITARIANISM PRESENT IS KEY TO PAST: NO GENESIS FLOOD
Darwinism1859 - Present • All plant and animal life evolved gradually from a few common ancestors; • Natural selection; • Vast amounts of time required. Charles Darwin
RENAISSANCE MATERIALISM & RATIONALISM SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION EMPIRICISM CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS UNIFORM- ITARIANISM SCIENCE FOUNDED UPON EVOLUTION NO NEED FOR A CREATOR DARWINISM NATURAL SELECTION
Naturalism1890s - Present • Knowledge is acquired through the senses • Everything people do is determined by heredity or the environment • Physical world emphasized; supernatural excluded Jack London
RENAISSANCE MATERIALISM & RATIONALISM SPLIT BETWEEN SCIENCE & THEOLOGY REFORMATION EMPIRICISM CHRISTIAN SCIENTISTS NO GOD NATURALISM UNIFORM- ITARIANISM SCIENCE FOUNDED UPON EVOLUTION DARWINISM
RomanticismLate 18th – Mid 19th Centuries • Feeling emphasized over reason; • Individuality & impulse preferred over self discipline; • Individual rights; • Nature viewed as living. Edgar Allen Poe
EVOLUTION BY RANDOM PROCESSES NO GOD FEELINGS ROMANTICISM NATURALISM DARWINISM MORAL RELATIVISM NO ABSOLUTES
Moral Relativism (Existentialism) • No absolutes – truth relative; • Each person operates by his/her own moral code: What’s right for one person isn’t necessarily right for another. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-80)
“A man who has no assured and ever present belief in the existence of a personal God or of a future existence with retribution and reward, can have for his rule of life, as far as I can see, only to follow those impulses and instincts which are the strongest or which seem to him the best ones.” —The autobiography of Charles Darwin
Judges 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes. [NAS]
“Is evolution a theory, system, or hypothesis? It is much more … . Evolution is a light illuminating all facts, a trajectory that all lines of thought must follow.” —Teilhard de Chardin
Modern Spokesmen • Carl Sagan • Isaac Asimov • Stephen Jay Gould • Richard Dawkins • Michael Ruse
Carl Sagan (1934-96) The cosmos—the physical universe—"is all that is or ever was or ever will be."
Isaac Asimov (1920-92) “I am an atheist, out and out.... I do not have the evidence to prove that God does not exist, but I so strongly suspect he does not that I do not want to waste my time.”
Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002) “Well, evolution is a theory. It is also a fact.”
Richard Dawkins (1941-) "It is absolutely safe to say that, if you meet somebody who claims not to believe in evolution, that person is ignorant, stupid, or insane...."
Michael Ruse (1940-) “I am sorry to be so rude about this (not that sorry!), … I really want to believe. I find the goodies offered by Christianity extremely attractive. But I am d---d (again!) if I am going to sell my evolutionary birthright for a mess of religious pottage.”
Isaiah 5:20 Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter.
Results of Evolutionism The Fallout on Modern Culture
The Church • Abandonment of Scripture as final authority • Theistic evolution replaces Biblical creationism • Divinity of Jesus questioned • Focus on social justice rather than sin • Foundational doctrines laid aside • Result: a subtle form of moral relativism has found its way into our thinking.
The Devaluation of Life:A Culture of Death • Abortion • Euthanasia • Eugenics
“Embryonic Recapitulation” • “The Gill Slit Theory” • Haeckel claimed human embryo has gill slits, a remnant of evolution Ernst Haeckel
“Embryonic Recapitulation” • “The fundamental law of biology.” • “Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny.” Ernst Haeckel