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The Writing Process

The Writing Process

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The Writing Process

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  1. The Writing Process Fall 2013

  2. What are the steps of the writing process?

  3. STEP 1: Brainstorming (Prewriting): -select your subject and topic (or make sure you understand one that’s been given -gather ideas and collect information (interviews, research, asking questions, etc) -Establish your thesis (your main point: what are you trying to say) -EVALUATE YOUR IDEAS: Pick the best (most original, most relevant, etc) to be supporting points

  4. STEP 2: OUTLINING • Decide how you’re going to organize your ideas: what pattern you will use (strongest to weakest, weakest to strongest, 3 body & counterclaim, etc) • Create an outline (whatever graphic organizer you want to use)

  5. OUTLINES MUST HAVE… • (A) THESIS • (B) 3 SUPPORTING POINTS (1 topic sentence) • -Some people include 3 supporting details for each here • (c) COUNTERARGUMENT (if using) • (d) CONCLUSION (general idea)

  6. STEP 3: DRAFTING • Now that you know what you want to say and how you want to say it, you’re ready to begin writing. • CREATE A ROUGH DRAFT (handwritten or typed)

  7. HOW DO I CREATE A ROUGH DRAFT? • Create a title (can do 1st or last) • Choose a great hook to start your intro (an interesting statement, statistic, anecdote, personal story, rhetorical question, etc) • Continue writing, using the techniques we will discuss this week (treat each paragraph as its own entity, engage your audience throughout, etc)

  8. STEP 4: EDITING • IF YOU CAN, let your paper sit for a day. • Then begin look for errors -grammar, spelling, formatting -problems in unity, supporting details, reader engagement, etc (DON’T WORRY: we will go over all these things) PEER REVIEW: Let someone who can write well read your work looking for errors and give you feedback and suggestions

  9. STEP 5: REVISION/ PROOFREADING • Fix any mistakes and create your final draft • BEFORE you turn in your typed final draft, check one more time for any problems and fix them. Make sure it looks polished

  10. STEP 6: • BREATHE A SIGH OF RELIEF AND PAT YOURSELF ON THE BACK: YOU DID IT! • Writing a great piece is hard work, but if you follow the process and try to think creatively, you can create something AMAZING.

  11. WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF A SOLID ESSAY?

  12. INTRODUCTION • HOOK • 3-4 CONTEXT/BACKGROUND SENTENCES • THESIS

  13. THESIS • 1-2 sentences at the end of the intro • Declarative: takes a stand (in an argumentative piece) • Can decide to “show your hand”: include some supporting points in your thesis. Problem? • Rest of the paper should tie into it.

  14. EXAMPLE OF A SOLID ARGUMENTATIVE THESIS • “Drug use is detrimental to society” (OK but not specific enough) • “Illegal drug use is detrimental because it encourages gang violence.”(BETTER)

  15. WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN EVALUATING AN INTRO: • Does the hook draw you in? • Do you need any more information (context) between the hook & thesis? • Was anything about it confusing? • Does the thesis make sense? Is it debatable? Is it narrow enough? • Would you like to continue reading this piece?