A Learning Culture of Success: A Cultural Approach for Increasing Diversity and Inclusion in STEM Rafael Alvarez - MESA Program Director Theresa Garcia - MESA Engineering Program Director Eric Pamintuan - SPSD Coordinator Raga Bakhiet - MESA Program Director Friday, March 16, 2012
“A Conversation” Need “Learning Culture” Culture
“Color of the sky”: Student Realities • Graduates of high schools with low API scores • First generation college students • Economically disadvantaged • Placement into basic skills courses • Lack of necessary social and cultural capital
What is Culture? • "the customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits of a racial, religious, or social group" • "the characteristic features of everyday existence shared by people in a place or time <popular culture>" • "the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization <a corporate culture>"
Background - Strategies Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads • Academic Support and Social Integration • Research/Internship Experiences • Professional Development Activities • Summer Bridge Programs • Mentoring
Student Interest in STEM Hurtado, S. and Chang, M. (2010). Degrees of Success: Bachelor’s Degree Completion Rates among Initial STEM Majors. Higher Education Institute at UCLA.
Degree Completion Hurtado, S. and Chang, M. (2010). Degrees of Success: Bachelor’s Degree Completion Rates among Initial STEM Majors. Higher Education Institute at UCLA.
“New” American Dilemma 28.5% - Percentage of underrepresented minority groupsin national population (2006) 9.1% - Percentage of underrepresented minority groups among college-educated Americans in science and engineering occupations (academic and non-academic) Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads (2010). National Academy of Sciences.
Victims … • Blame others • Complain • Make excuses • Repeat ineffective behavior • “Have to” do things • Pretend their problems belong to others • “Try” • Give up • Creators … • Accept responsibility • Take actions • Seek solutions • Do something new • “Choose to” do things • Own their problems • Commit & follow through • Take control of their choices & their lives! FAILURE Victims seldom achieve goals SUCCESS Creators often achieve goals Commitment – Culture Begins Here! Downing, S. (2009). Strategies for Creating Success in College and in Life. Wadsworth, Boston, MA, 6th Edition.
Cultural Beliefs • Secret to Success (a.k.a. African Village story): “When you find something in life that you want as much as you want to breathe, then you will find the secret to success!” • Capstone for life: The purpose for the learning • Skills • Knowledge • Wisdom • FREEDOM!
MESA Works! http://mesa.ucop.edu/ (See “MESA Video 2011”)
San Diego AllianceSan Diego’s pipeline for tomorrow’s Mathematicians, Engineers & Scientists Serving over 2,200 students MESA Schools Program ~ 1,600 students San Diego Unified (K–12) – 800 Imperial Valley Unified (K–12) – 800 • Community College ~ 365 students San Diego City College – 200 Southwestern College – 165 University (SDSU) ~ 320 students MESA Engineering Program (MEP) - 275 Maximizing Science Potential (MSP) - 45 INDUSTRY or Graduate School
A Working Alliance • Regular Directors’ meetings • Sharing of best practices • Joint planning • Shared Industry Advisory Board • Joint grant seeking • NSF STEP: STEP Partnership of San Diego • California Space Grant Consortium: STEM Outreach focused on Research in the Control of Lagrangian Mixing in Fuel Injector Flows into Supersonic Cross-Stream
Academic Support & Social Integration • Academic Advising and Individual Academic Plans • STEM Course Clustering • Academic Excellence Workshops • Tutoring • College and Career Exploration • Transfer Assistance to 4-year Universities (2-year colleges only) • Assistance Applying to Graduate Schools (4-year universities only) • College Orientation Course • Collaboration with Student/Professional Organizations
Professional Development Activities • Training Academies for Industry Skills • Regional Job Shadow Day • Scholarships • StrengthsQuest • Leadership Summit • Faculty Advisors • STEM Competitions • San Diego Region Joint Planning Conference
As important as classroom teaching Develop tomorrow’s STEM workforce Advisory Board Direct Access to students Paid Interns - SPSD Future hires Industry Standards Internships & Undergraduate Research Industry Engagement
IndustryStandards Standards: • University Bridging • Counseling • Academic Support • Community • Industry Exposure
Goal 1: Recruitment and Participation • Enrollment at eachschool will increase 10% over previous year
Goal 2: Recruitment and Participation • At least 350 students will be enrolled in the SPSD/MESA program from declared major through transfer or graduation within grant period • - 127 SDSU graduates- 107 transfers from SDCC • - 96 transfers from SWC • - 330 Total graduates or transfers (94% of goal)- More than 580 current active enrollees • To meet the goal, 20 students will need to graduate or transfer in the next academic year
Goal 3: Academic Counseling • At least 160 program students will graduate in a STEM major by the end of the grant period. (SDSU only)
Goal 4: Industry Exposure • At least 36 SPSD/MESA students will complete an internship (100+ hours) each year
Goal 5: University Bridging Activities • At least 15 graduating seniors in the SPSD/MESA program will enter STEM graduate study programs by the end of the 5-year grant period. (SDSU only)
Future Direction • Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation: America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads (2010 Report) • Identifies 5 proven, intensive strategies for student success in STEM • MESA/SPSD implements 3 of 5 strategies • SPSD II proposes to build on MESA/SPSD best practices and implement remaining 2 strategies (Summer Bridge & Mentoring) in the context of a STEM pipeline (high school-CC-4 year university)
Chinese Bamboo • Lessons: • Hardwork • Patience • Success